Elements of Poetry - Eng. 9

36 terms by rwahl

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Rhyme Scheme

A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem (usually tracked with letters of the alphabet).

Figurative Language

Using words to say more than they mean on the surface. Language describing ordinary things in new ways.


The repetition of the same beginning sound in several words


The repetition of vowel sounds in the beginning, middle or end in several words


A device in literature where an object represents an idea.


An overstatement or exaggeration meant to place emphasis


A comparison between two things using the words "like" or "as"


A comparison between two things without using the words "like" or "as"


The use of words that sound like what they mean


Words that joins together two seemingly contradictory/opposite elements


The repetition of the same sound at the end of every verse or sentence


A pattern of accented and unaccented syllables


a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize


A way of placing emphasis on words and syllables that creates a repetitive rhythm

Iambic Meter

A rhythmic poetic unit of one unstressed and one stressed syllable. (u/)


a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work


Giving human qualities to inanimate objects or animals


the way in which words are placed; a repeated rhyme or word order


Using language to create a picture or concrete feeling about a person, place, thing, or experience


a contrast between expectation and reality; the opposite of what is expected.


the overall emotion created by a work of literature


The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).

Trochaic Unit

a metrical measurement of one stressed syllable and one unstressed (/u)


the idea that is intended; message(s) implied by the poet.


a verse line having five metrical feet


A type of poem that is meant to be sung and is both lyric and narrative in nature


a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.


a 7 line poem, does not rhyme can use synonyms or antonyms, each line has a specific formula


a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds


an inscription on a tombstone or monument in memory of the person buried there

Free Verse

unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern


poety or music that combines spoken street dialect with cuts (samples) from older music


A Japanese form of poetry, consisting of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables

Parallel Poem

poem which uses lines that are the same or similar to another poem; but has a different theme or topic.


A stanza or group of four rhyming lines of poetry


a short poem with fourteen lines, usually ten-syllable rhyming lines, divided into two, three, or four sections

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