14 terms

Medical Model

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Medical Model
-useful to think of abnormal behavior as a disease
-before medical model, abnormal behavior was based on superstitions and demonology
Thomas Szasz
-argues against the medical model
-abnormal behavior usually involves a deviation from social norms rather than illness
diagnosis
distinguishing one illness from another
etiology
possible cause and developmental history
diathesis-stress model
-behavior is a result of biological factors and environmental factors
-used to describe the "causes" of disorders
prognosis
probably course of an illness
deviance
norms, unwritten culturally defined rules, are violated
maladaptive behavior
everyday adaptive behavior is impaired
interference with social or occupational functioning
distress
people troubled by depression and anxiety disorders
describe pain and suffering
impaired judgement
cannot tell right from wrong or control their own behavior
stereotypes
-incurable
-violent and dangerous
-behave in bizarre ways
epidemiology
study of distribution of mental or physical disorders in the population
prevalence
percentage of a population that has a disorder in a specific time period
blind-pig syndrome
the belief that one has all illnesses which one hears about
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