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Chapter 4: Antibiotics and Antifungals
Terms in this set (63)
Clindamycin has a black box warning because it can cause ____________.
What is the brand name for penicillin V?
Which of the following is not an aminoglycoside antibiotic?
Fluoroquinolone antibiotics work by which of the following actions?
inhibiting the enzyme that helps DNA to coil
Which of the following brand names belongs to an ophthalmic dosage form of an aminoglycoside?
Which of the following organisms is responsible for vaginal yeast infections and oral thrush infections?
The use of nitrofurantoin may cause discolorization of the urine to a ____ color.
brown or rust
Aminoglycosides kill bacteria by the following action:
blocking protein formation
Why is it important when dispensing oral forms of certain antibiotics to swab the counting tray with alcohol before placing new drugs on the tray?
prevent cross contamination
Which of the following medications is not a cephalosporin antibiotic?
What is the term used to describe an antibiotic that kills the invading organisms?
To avoid precipitation, amphotericin should not be mixed with which of the following IV fluids in a piggyback bag?
Why are patients told to avoid alcohol during metronidazole therapy and three days after discontinuation?
patients can become very ill
Tetracyclines are among the drug of choice for all of the following conditions except:
Aminoglycosides carry a black box warning associated with which of the following concerns?
nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity
All quinolone drugs must be dispensed with a medication guide because of the increased risk of which of the following?
Why are patients alerted to dispose of any drug remaining after tetracycline drug therapy?
to prevent kidney failure
All of the following belong to the macorlide antibiotic class except:
Which of the following trace minerals is used topically to treat and prevent infections and promote wound healing?
Which antifungal is most often used in a liquid form to swish and swallow for yeastlike fungi causing infection in the mouth?
Which of the following is a brand name for a shampoo to treat fungal infections?
Which biological process best describes the intracellular mechanism of action for sulfonamides?
prevents folic acid synthesis
In 1936, the first true antibiotic ________________ was discovered.
Which of the following antifungal agents is given to a patient orally for vaginal or oral candidiasis?
What important information should a pharmacy technician communicate about a mixed antibiotic powder?
Shake Well, and refrigerate or not.
Which of the following drugs is applied to the eyes of newborns as a prophylactic agent against gonorrhea?
Topical antifungal agents include all of the following except for
Which of the following sexually transmitted infections has the longest incubation average?
The most common sulfa drug is a combination of which of the following active ingredients?
Most urinary tract infections (UTI's) are caused by which of the following bacteria?
How do penicillins work?
They prevent cell wall formation
What term is used to describe antibiotic treatment initiated before the results of the organism culture have been returned?
Which antibiotic class is probably the most commonly used because it covers a very wide range of organisms and has lower toxicity than other antibiotics with the same coverage?
What is the term used to describe the dosing of an antifungal infection once a week or month to provide a safer treatment option for the patient?
Which of the following drugs is classified as a macrolide?
What percentage of patients allergic to penicillins are also allergic to cephalosporins?
You can drink milk with all of the listed drugs except:
Which antibiotic is effective against bacteria, fungi, and protozoa?
Disinfectants cannot be used systemically to treat infections because
Not safe enough
Which drug is effective against anthrax?
What bacterial pathway do sulfonamides interfere with?
folic acid biosynthesis
Which of the following drugs is a monobactam?
What is true of a bacteriostatic antibiotic?
It inhibits the growth or multiplication of bacteria.
What drug combination reflects the active ingredients in Augmentin?
Sulfonamides are commonly used to treat
Which of the following drugs mechanisms of action is not fully understood, but is more than likely by inhibiting cell-wall formation?
Which of the following sexually transmitted infections is known as the "silent" disease, because many people with it have no symptoms?
What is the mechanism of action of quinolones on bacteria?
They antagonize the enzyme responsible for coiling and replicating DNA
Common cold, herbal
What is the name of the enzyme that destroys the beta-lactam ring present in the molecular structure of all penicillins?
What type of infections are aminoglycosides, such as amikacin or kanamycin, used to treat?
Which of the following classes of antibiotics inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by binding to ribosomes?
Which of these is a brand-name drug for a sulfonamide?
Which of the following antifungals is associated with transient vision changes, such as flashes of light or sensitivity to light?
Which antibiotic drug class is used, typically in combination therapy, to treat infections caused by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori?
Which quinolone has an ophthalmic dosage form?
Which of the following drugs is a macrolide eye drop?
Which drug is primarily used to treat pulmonary infections
Which drug class should have the dosage adjusted according to plasma concentrations to prevent toxicity?
Which of the following drugs is associated with an adverse effect known as red man syndrome?
When this drug is dispensed, a "Do not drink alcohol" sticker must be attached to the container.
Which cephalosporin in oral suspension form has a sugar content of 2.86 g per teaspoonful?
How do third-generation cephalosporins differ from earlier cephalosporins?
improved activity against gram-negative bacteria
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