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american history chapter 25

What was the April 1961 CIA-led invasion of Cuba to topple Fidel Castro that proved to be a total failure when, of the invading force of 1,400, 1,100 were captured and more than 100 killed?

Bay of Pigs

In The Conscience of a Conservative, Barry Goldwater argued for all of the following, except

support for the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

The organization demanding greater Indian tribal self-government and the restoration of economic resources guaranteed in treaties, founded in 1968, was called

the American Indian Movement.

What was the organization created by the Kennedy administration to aid the economic and educational progress of developing countries?

the Peace Corps

Which of the following was not a target of the conservative "backlash" of the late Sixties?

the growing power and militancy of organized labor

The organizer of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in April 1960 was

Ella Baker.

The 1964 Civil Rights Act prohibited all of the following, except

racial discrimination in housing rental or sale.

What made the New Left new?

It called for a democracy of citizen participation.

Which of the following was not a central purpose of President Johnson's Great Society program?

establishing a federally guaranteed annual income for every family

What was the principal concern of John F. Kennedy's presidency?

the vigorous conduct of the Cold War

Who was the leader of the United Farm Workers (UFW)—as much a movement for civil rights as a campaign for economic betterment—who, beginning in 1965, led nonviolent protests, including fasts, marches, and a national boycott of California grapes?

Cesar Chavez

What was the title of the 1963 book by Betty Friedan that took as its theme the emptiness of consumer culture, and painted the suburban home as a "comfortable concentration camp" for women?

The Feminine Mystique

The 1964 voter registration drive in Mississippi in which hundreds of white college students from the North participated was known as

Freedom Summer.

The gelatinous form of gasoline that burns the skin of anyone exposed to it, which was dropped by American airplanes on enemy positions during the Vietnam War, was called


Who was the leading African American known for his fiery oratory, insistence that blacks control the political and economic resources of their communities, and who was assassinated by members of the Nation of Islam after he formed his own Organization of Afro-American Unity?

Malcolm X

What was the first gay rights organization in the United States, founded in 1951 by Harry Hay?

the Mattachine Society

Which was not a goal of the August 28, 1963 March on Washington?

an end to the use of the Grandfather Clause restricting suffrage

The organization that launched the Freedom Rides, by which integrated groups traveled by bus into the deep South to test compliance with court orders banning segregation on interstate buses and trains was called the

Congress of Racial Equality (CORE).

In August 1961, the Berlin Wall was erected

by the Soviet Union so that peoples from Eastern Bloc countries could not flee to West Berlin.

A leading motto of the Women's Liberation movement was

"the personal is political."

Which was not an event in the civil rights movement of 1963?

James Meredith, a black student, entered the University of Mississippi.

Which was the organization that crafted The Port Huron Statement, criticized corporations, unions, and the military-industrial complex, and proclaimed "a democracy of individual participation"?

Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)

The United States Supreme Court ruling that an individual in police custody must be informed of the right to remain silent was

Miranda v. Arizona.

Which of the following was not a common theme of the antiwar movement?

Communism is preferable to democracy, so why fight it?

Who was the marine biologist whose book, Silent Spring, spelled out how the insecticide DDT kills birds and other animals and causes sickness among humans, and who launched the modern environmental movement?

Rachel Carson

The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee's goals included

replacing the culture of segregation with a "beloved community" of racial justice.

Which was not embraced by the "Black Power" movement of the mid-1960s?

expansion of interracial coalition-building in SNCC and CORE

The 1968 Kerner Report blamed the widespread inner-city riots—occurring across the country from Harlem to Watts—on

segregation, poverty, and "white racism."

Which of the following was not one of the climactic moments of 1968?

the Berkeley Free Speech Movement

The 1967 United States Supreme Court decision that declared unconstitutional the laws in sixteen states that prohibited interracial marriage was

Loving v. Virginia.

Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?

Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique; founding of National Organization for Women; Sisterhood is Powerful; Roe v. Wade

Which was not part of President Johnson's 1965-1967 "Great Society"?

the overturned Taft-Hartley Act of 1947

At the peak of the Vietnam war, the number of American troops in Vietnam was approximately


What was the name for the 1965 immigration law that abandoned the national origins quota system, and established racially neutral criteria for immigration?

Hart-Cellar Act

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