75 terms

Mammalogy

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American Society of Mammalogists
Group dedicated to mammalogy
Alfred Russel Wallace
-came up with 6 biogeographical realms
co-discoverer of evolution by natural selection
Biogeographical realms
-Realms of similar families of species due to common geography before continental drift.
-Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic, Ethiopian, Oriental, Australasian
What part of speech is the genus in a scientific name?
noun
What part of speech is the specific epithet in a scientific name?
adjective/descriptor
What is the professional organization of mammalogists?
American Society of Mammalogists
Journal of Mammalogy
Published by American Society of Mammalogists
Carl Linnaeus
-binomial naming system
Subclass-Prototheria
Order-Monotremata
Family- Tachyglossidae
Echidna
Subclass-Prototheria
Order-Monotremata
Family-Ornithorhynchidae
Platypus
Subclass-Theria
Infraclass-Metatheria
Order- Didelphimorphia
Most North and South American Marsupials
Sublclass-Theria
Infraclass-Metatheria
Order-Diprotodontia
Australian Marsupials
Subclass-Theria
Infraclass-Eutheria
Placental mammals
Group-Laurasiatheria
Order-Soricomorpha
Shrews and moles
Group-Laurasiatheria
Order-Chiroptera
bats
Group-Euarchontoglires
Order-Primates
Chimps and lemurs
Group-Laurasiatheria
Order-Carnivora
Cats, raccoons, bears, dogs, sea lions
Group-Laurasiatheria
Order-Perrisodactyla
-zebras, horses, asses, tapirs, rhinos
-odd toed
Group-Laurasiatheria
Order-Cetartiodactyla
-pigs, hippos, whales, camels, antelope, bison, sheep, deer, moose
-even toed
Group-Euarchontoglires
Order-Rodentia
Group-Euarchontoglires
Order-Lagomorpha
-rabbits, hares, pikas
Group-Afrotheria
Order-Proboscidea
-elephants
Group-Afrotheria
Order-Sirenia
-manatees and dugongs
Group-Xenarthra
Order-Xenarthra
armadillos
Order-Microbiotheria
Family-Microbiotheridae
Order-Paucituberculata
Family-Caenolestidae
Order-Dasyuromorphia
Family-Myrmecobiidae
Order-Dasyuromorphia
Order-Peramelemorphia
Family-Peramelidae
Order-Diprotodontia
Family-Vombatidae
wombats
Australia
Order-Diprotodontia
Family-Phascolarctidae
Order-Diprotodontia
Family-Phalangeridae
-brush-tailed possums
-Australia
Order-Diprotodontia
Family-Macropodidae
Order-Diprotodontia
Family-Petauridae
Order-Diprotodontia
Family-Tarsipedidae
Order-Notoryctemorphia
Family-Notoryctidae
-zygomatic arch:jugal and squamosal bones
-mandibular condyle and mandibular fossa
-angular process
-dentary bone
Order-Soricomorpha
Family-Soricidae
shrews (desert and water)
Order-Soricomorpha
Family-Soricidae
shrews (desert and water)
Order-Soricomorpha
Family-Selenodontidae
selenodons
Order-Soricomorpha
Family-Talpidae
moles
Order-Afrosoricomorpha
Family-Tenrecidae
tenrecs
Order-Afrosoricomorpha
Family-Chrysochloridae
golden moles
Order-Erinaceomorpha
Family-Erinaceidae
hedgehogs
Order-Scandentia
Family-Tupaiidae
Order-Macroscelidea
Family-Macroscelididae
Order-Chiroptera
Megachiroptera
Family-Pteropodidae
Flying Foxes
Microchiroptera
Family-Emballonuridae
-sac-winged bats or sheath-tailed bats
-Tropical/Subtropics of
Central/South America,
Africa, Asia, Australia
Microchiroptera
Family-Nycteridae
-slit-faced bats
-Africa & Malaysia
Microchiroptera
Family-Megadermatidae
-base of ears fuse at midline
-double-cusped canine
-Africa, Asia, Australia
Microchiroptera
Family-Rhinolophidae
Hipposideridae
-weird nose leaves
Microchiroptera
Fammily-Noctilionidae
-bulldog or fishing bats
-long legs and rake-like claws for fishing
-New World Mexico-Argentina
Microchiroptera
Family-Mormoopidae
-leaf-chinned or naked-backed bats
-New World
-Rapid flying insectivores
Microchiroptera
Family-Phyllostomidae
-nose leaf pointed, not as elaborate as rhinolophids
-New World
-diverse
Microchiroptera
Family-Vespertilionidae
-no nose or chin leaves
-most N. American bats
-Worldwide distribution
-mostly insectivorous
Microchiroptera
Family-Molossidae
-free tailed bats
-tail beyond membrane
-wrinkly lips
-hairs on feet
-worldwide
Microchiroptera
Family-Craseonycteridae
-smallest mammal (1.5-2g)
-Kitti's hog-nosed bat
-Thailand
Microchiroptera
Family-Thyroptidae
-disk-winged bats
-Central and South America
Microchiroptera
Family-Myzopodidae
-sucker-footed bat
-Madagascar
Family-Phyllostomidae
Genus-Macrotus
-California Leaf nosed bat
-insects, small verts
Family-Phyllostomidae
Genus-Choeronycteris
-Mexican long-tongued bat
-small uropatagium
-pollen and nectar
Family-Phyllostomidae
Genus-Leptonycteris
-Lesser long nosed bat
-no uropatagium
-pollen and nectar
-"lept" his uroptagium at home!
Family-Molossidae
Genus-Tadarida
-Brazilian free tailed bat
-Smaller than following mollosids, with smaller ears that don't connect at mid-line
Family-Molossidae
Genus-Nyctinomops
-Big free-tailed bat
-Pocketed free-tailed bat
-Big, with huge forward-swept ears, joined at the mid-line
-wrinkled lips
Family-Molossidae
Genus-Eumops
-mastiff bats
-2 species in AZ
-BIG
Family-Vespertilionidae
Genus-Corynorhinus
-Townsend's big-eared bat in AZ
Family-Vespertilionidae
Genus-Idionycteris
-Allen's big-eared bat
-Long ears and paddles on his forehead!
(only an Idiot would wear these!)
Family-Vespertilionidae
Genus-Euderma
-Spotted bat
-long gray-pink ears and white spots on black fur-
Unmistakable!
Family-Vespertilionidae
Genus-Antrozous
-Pallis bat
-Big ears, big body,
light fur.
-gleaner with low wing loading for carrying big prey!
Family-Vespertilionidae
Genus-Lasionycteris
-silver haired bats
-black and silver with hairy uropatagium
-No yellow, red or orange hair
Family-Vespertilionidae
Genus-Lasiurus
-Hoary, yellow and red bats
-Hairy uropatagium,
-Gray and silver
hair mixed with orange/red
or overall orange/yellow
Family-Vespertilionidae
Genus-Eptesicus
-big brown bat
-BIG, glossy brown - blunt tragus
Family-Vespertilionidae
Genus-Myotis
-Little brown bat -medium size,
variable brown color, long or short eared,
-Lots of species! Pointed tragus
Family-Vespertilionidae
Genus-Parastrellus
- very small, light coat
with dark ears and mask
- blunt tragus
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