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practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one's independence
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one's own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one's own ability; showing certainty
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
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