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Period 2 Zimmer APUSH
Terms in this set (111)
England defeats the
England was a ___ country.
Spain was a ____ country.
Joint Stock Company
stockholders invest in a company and share in the potential profits or losses from the colony
land given by the king to an individual or group
paid for and ruled directly by the monarchy
___ is the first English colony under ___.
Roanoke; Sir Walter Raleigh
The Chesapeake colonies are
First permanent English colony
Jamestown is set up under the ____ Company.
"You don't work, You don't eat"
____ was a major cash crop.
Tobacco led to the rise of
the plantation system
worked for a period of time in exchange for passage to freedom
get land if you paid for somebody's journey to the colony
House of Burgesses
Virginian form of early representative government
Cons of Tobacco
destroyed the land; increase in labor demand and land demand; tensions increase between colonists and Native Americans
Anglo Powhatan Wars
the first war ends with the marriage between Pocahontas and John Rolfe
Jamestown becomes a
Powhatan Confederacy fell due to
the 3 Ds (disease, disorganization, disposability)
The first Africans arrived in the colony on a ___ ship.
growing frustration due to a lack of land, lack of political power (House of Burgesses was dominated by the elite), and the want of the government in Jamestown to do something about the Native American attacks
wanted peaceful relationships with Native Americans
leads a rebellion against Indians on the frontier and burned Jamestown
The Bacon Rebellion leads to a transition to
African Chattel Slave Labor
Lord Baltimore founds
Act of Toleration
religious freedom for all Christians (intended especially to protect Catholics; did not protect Jews and Muslims) in Maryland
___ was a major cash crop in SC.
SC relied heavily on
african slave labor
SC had a ___ economy.
___ was a major cash crop in NC.
___ was a major cash crop in the Caribbean.
The Caribbean relied heavily on
african slave labor
Georgia served as a ___ colony against the Spanish in FL and French in LA.
Georgia originally ___ slavery.
defends GA against the Spanish
Georgia later becomes
a royal colony and a plantation based slavery society
New England Colonies Characteristics
religious motives for colonization, male and female settler, tight knit communities, mixed economy; familial groups
The Protestant Reformation led to a rise of
____ wanted to purify the church.
separatists who wanted to break away from the Anglican church
Pilgrims sought to establish a colony
signed prior to arrival; agreement established a basic government based upon a majority rule
Governor of Plymouth
____ helps the Plymouth colony survive.
___ ___ establishes the puritan Massachusetts Bay Colony.
Winthrop wants MA to be a
"city upon a hill"
Religious freedom in the MBC was only for
In MBC, membership of church was
Town Hall Meetings in the MBC became an important part of
direct democracy (all church going males could participate)
MBC had a __ economy.
__ ___ questioned Puritan leadership
Roger Williams called for
complete separation of church and state
Roger Williams gets kicked out of MBC and forms
Providence, Rhode Island
Anne Hutchison challenged what
the accepted role of women within the church by openly speaking out against Church leaders
New England colonists wipe out the Pequot tribe
New England Confederation
military alliance of all NE colonies (except Rhode Island) against potential threats
King Philip's War
leader of the Wampanoags attempts to fight against the Puritans; NA lose; end of major Native resistance in the New England region
New York was originally a ___ colony.
Charles II allows James the Duke of York to found
Pennsylvania was found by William Penn as a refuge for
liberal; religious toleration; extended rights to women
The Middle Colonies were
demographically, religiously, and ethnically diverse; they were major producers of food
colonies enrich the mother country
England was involved with its own national conflicts and was indifferent to the colonies
trade carried only in English or colonial ships, trade had to pass through English ports, certain enumerated goods from the colonies could be exported only to England
Dominion of New England
implemented by England to increase royal control over the colonies
Sir Edmund Andros
appointed by the king to control the colonies; very unpopular; enforced the Navigation Acts; limited town meetings
Southern Plantation Colonies characteristics
male dominated; cash crops; defined hierarchy of wealth and status; labor systems (indentured servants and slavery)
slaves and good moving from Africa, the Caribbean, and the colonies
journey from Africa to the Western hemisphere
blend of african and american cultures
Stono Uprising SC
slaves revolt and try to get to Spanish Florida; resulted in slave codes
Common resistance among slaves
work slowdowns, running away, fake illness
Religious passion was fading in the
Half Way Covenant
individuals could become partial church members even if they did not have a conversion
MBC had no
Rhode Island (religion)
separation of church and state
salem witch trials
19 people hung and 1 pressed to death; all from the money making class and accused by farmers
a religious revival in the 1730s and 40s that spread throughout the colonies
Why did people come to the colonies?
to escape religious persecution, economic opportunity
Where did Germans settle?
west of Philadelphia, maintained their culture and showed little interest in English politics
Where did Scots-Irish settle?
PA, VA, Carolinas, GA; disliked the British since they kicked them out of their land
Every colony produced laws that discriminated against
African Americans formed a majority of the people in ___ and ___.
What are some general characteristics of the British Colonial Society?
self-government, religious toleration, no hereditary ancestry, and social mobility
Roles of men in colonial society:
physical labor; landowning; dominated politics; unlimited power in the home (including the power to beat his wife)
Roles of women in colonial society:
bore an average of eight children; household work; educated the children; worked next to her husband in the shop, on the plantation, or on the farm; divorce was legal but rare
In the early 1600s, the chief concern of most colonists was
"Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God"; if you do not confess, you will not be saved by God's grace
if you do not believe in Jesus Christ you will be sent to hell
Effects of The Great Awakening:
division among churches ("old lights" and "new lights"); emotionalism
___ required by law to have schools set up per village with 50 families.
The first colonial colleges were _____.
sectarian (promoted the doctrines of a specific religious group)
The only non religious college.
The College of Philadelphia
Most respected profession.
used leeches; not medically advanced
weren't widely respected until the late 1700s
The first cartoon appeared in the ____ ____ placed there by ____ _____.
Philadelphia Gazette; Ben Franklin ("Join or Die") (Result of the Albany Plan of Union to have the Iroquois join the colonists during the 7 Years War)
The Zenger Case
John Peter Zenger libelously criticized New York's royal governor; Andrew Hamilton helped him win the case; did not guarantee complete freedom of the press, but encouraged newspapers to take greater risks in criticizing the government
lawyer for Peter Zenger
"Two Treatises of Government"; while the state is supreme, it is bound to follow "natural laws" based on the rights of all humans
attraction to a European movement in literature and philosophy
What things brought about a distinctly American viewpoint and way of life?
the colonists' motivations for leaving Europe, the political heritage of the English majority, and the influence of the American natural environment
The 8 royal colonies:
NH, MA, NY, NJ, VA, NC, SC, and GA
The 3 proprietary colonies:
MD, PA, DE
Dominant form of local government in NE:
the town meeting
Dominant form of local government in the South:
Who could vote?
only white males
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