47 terms

Chapter 2: The American Colonies Emerge

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Terms in this set (...)

conquistadors
Spanish explorers who claimed new colonies for Spain
mestizo
A person of mixed Native American and Spanish ancestry
Juan Ponce de Leon
Spanish explorer who in 1513 named Florida
Pope
Pueblo religious leader who 1680 led an uprising against the Spanish
John Smith
English leader responsible for the survival of the first Jamestown settlers
Jamestown
First permanent English settlement in North America
Powhatan
Native American people who both helped and later hurt the Jamestown settlers
indentured servants
Term for people who worked a set number of years in return for passage to North America
royal colony
Term for an English colony under direct control of the King
Nathaniel Bacon
Leader of Virginia's frontier settlers who led a rebellion against Governor Berkeley in Jamestown in 1676
Puritans
Religious separatists who left England for America and founded Plymouth Colony in 1620
John Winthrop
The first governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony; he envisioned a "City Upon a Hill"
Massachusetts Bay Colony
English colony established in 1630; its capital was Boston
Anne Hutchinson
She challenged church authority, led religious discussions at home, and was banished from Massachusetts
Pequot War
First major violent resistance by Native Americans to colonial expansion; began in Connecticut
Metacom
Wampanoag chief who formed Native American alliance to destroy colonial settlements; waged King Phillip's War
proprietor
Term for the owner of an English colony in North America
Quaker
A member of a persecuted religious group that settled Pennsylvania; embraced pacifism and simplicity in living
tobacco (Brown gold)
Saved Jamestown economically
Hernando Cortes
led an army into the American mainland. Conquered the Aztec empire.
encomienda
The Spanish forced the native workers to labor within the system where they farmed, ranched, or mined for Spanish landlords who had received the rights to their labor from Spanish authorities.
joint-stock companies
allowed several investors to pool their wealth in support of a colony that would hopefully yield a profit
headright system
anyone who paid for their own or another's passage to Virginia received 50 acres of land.
separatist
known as the Pilgrims, fled from England to escape persecution
colony
country or area under full or partial control of another country
charter
a written grant by a country for a colony giving it legal rights to exist and giving the colony certain powers
persecuted
treated badly because of political, religious beliefs or race
Diversity
a range of different things or a variety
New Spain
Spanish colony in the New World
New Mexico
Spanish colonies in North America
Plymouth Colony
Second permanent English colony in North America founded by the Pilgrims
Roger Williams
Puritan dissenter who set up a new colony in Rhode Island
King Philip's War
Conflict between settlers and Native Americans
New Netherland
Colony founded by the Dutch in 1621
William Penn
Founder of Pennsylvania
Quakers
Members of a religious group known for tolerance
banish
to force to leave a country or place
bankrupt
having no money
congregations
groups of people who come together to worship
impose
to force upon another
investor
someone who commits money to something in the hopes of making a profit
missionary
someone sent to convert others to a religion
persecution
the act of treating harshly or opressing
purify
to make pure or to simplify
rebellion
revolt or opposition against a government or any authority
sacred
Holy
turmoil
extreme confusion or commotion

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