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52 terms

HDFS 2400, Chapter 19

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While Marie's mother lay dying, she told Marie, "I'm not afraid. I have faith. I'm looking forward to what lies ahead." Marie's mother views dying as
part of life's journey
According to Kübler-Ross, when denial, anger, and bargaining fail to postpone the illness, the person
becomes depressed
Modern medical care has affected the choice of dying at home primarily by
extending life so that dying people are older and have more difficulty living at home
The death of a _______ is usually the most difficult loss an adult can face.
child
According to Kübler-Ross, Mrs. Buffay's consultation of multiple specialists after her initial diagnosis of a terminal illness is consistent with which typical response to the prospect of death?
denial
Mr. Wixom is dying. His wife wants to help him have a dignified exit. In communicating with Mr. Wixom, she should
conceal or minimize her own grief
Typically, recovery from grief after a __________ is prolonged.
suicide
Virtual cemeteries
allow mourners to convey their thoughts and feelings whenever they feel ready, at little or no cost.
Isabella's mother died in May and her sister died in November. She is at risk for
bereavement overload
Mrs. Hensley is dying. Her heartbeat, circulation, breathing, and brain functioning stop but resuscitation is still possible. She is experiencing
clinical death.
Mr. Willet had a sudden heart attack. He died in a hospital emergency room. The staff was very busy and had little time for contact with his family. Mr. Willet's family members may need
some type of crisis intervention services
Mrs. Gandarilla recently experienced the death of her husband. Mrs. Gandarilla experienced
bereavement.
When Mr. Wellenkamp's wife died, he responded with intense physical and psychological distress. He was experiencing
grief
When their mother was diagnosed with terminal cancer, the Johnson family chose a comprehensive program of support services that provided an interdisciplinary care team. The team emphasized quality of life. The Johnson family chose
the hospice approach.
In the days and hours before death
the person moves and communicates less.
During prolonged dying, the bereaved person has had time to engage in
anticipatory grieving
According to Kübler-Ross, engaging in sympathetic listening is the best reaction to which typical response to the prospect of death?
bargaining
Which of the following is an essential ingredient of a "good death"?
offering the dying person care, affection, and companionship
An important service doctors and other medical professionals can provide to dying people is
information about their condition and their treatment options
Mr. Shanteau was in a snowmobile accident. The doctor informed his family that his cerebral cortex no longer registered electrical activity but the brain stem remained active. Mr. Shanteau is
in a persistent vegetative state
Most hospice patients have
cancer
Music thanatology
focuses on providing palliative care to the dying through music
Mrs. Peabody was in an automobile accident. The doctor informed her family that there has been an irreversible cessation of all activity in the brain and the brain stem. Mrs. Peabody is experiencing
brain death
Kübler-Ross recommends that family members and health professionals
not prolong denial by distorting the truth about the person's condition.
Dr. Summers helps terminally ill patients take their own lives by offering a lethal dose of drugs. Dr. Summers practices
assisted suicide.
Compared with women, bereaved men
are less likely to seek social support.
Adjusting to a sudden death is easier when the survivor
understands the reasons for it.
For family members, a home death is generally ___________ than a hospital death.
more stressful
Which of the following is true about the dual-process model of coping with loss?
Effective coping requires people to oscillate between dealing with the emotional consequences of loss and attending to life changes.
Mr. Bergman, his family members, and his friends dressed in black, attended his wife's funeral, and participated in a burial service. Mr. Bergman covered all of the mirrors in his house with a black cloth. He was experiencing
mourning.
In the United States, most deaths occur
in hospitals
What happens when cancer metastasizes?
Bits of tumor travel through the bloodstream and implant and grow in other vital organs
Most people who reach Kübler-Ross's acceptance stage
do so only in the last weeks or days of life.
Death education
promotes understanding of social and ethical issues involving death.
Dr. Williams does not believe that patients should live in persistent vegetative states. Therefore, without first obtaining the patient's consent, Dr. Williams administers a lethal dose of drugs. Dr. Williams practices
involuntary active euthanasia.
When people you care about have recently experienced the death of a loved one, your best response is to provide
sympathetic listening and simple presence.
Mrs. Bernstein's attorney prepared a written document in which Mrs. Bernstein authorized her daughter to make health care decisions on her behalf. Mrs. Bernstein's document is a(n)
durable power of attorney for health care.
Family members who ______________ can make dying more difficult for a patient.
are inclined toward denial
___________ may be especially pronounced in instances of sudden, unexpected deaths.
Avoidance
Palliative care involves
care aimed at relieving pain and other symptoms, such as nausea and insomnia.
Mr. Frankel is dying. According to Kübler-Ross, Mr. Frankel's recognition that time is short and that he will not have a chance to do all he wants to do may promote which typical response to the prospect of death?
anger
Which of the following people will likely experience little or no death anxiety?
Winifred, a 100-year-old
People respond to ___________ with __________.
bereavement; grief
In the days and hours before death,
the person moves and communicates less.
When he was dying of cancer, Mr. Babcock, a lifelong bird watcher, stated, "Whenever I feel the pain or cannot catch my breath, I travel to the woods in my mind and search for the red-winged blackbird." Mr. Babcock views dying as
an experience to be transformed.
The five reactions Kübler-Ross observed are best viewed as
coping strategies that anyone may call on in the face of threat.
After a period of intense grieving, most widowed elders
fare well.
Mr. Kominski is in the final days before death. He withdraws into himself for long periods of time. According to Kübler-Ross, Mr. Kominski is experiencing which typical response to the prospect of dying?
acceptance
The death of a sibling informs childrenThe death of a sibling informs children
of their own vulnerability.
Which of the following is true about the standard of death in industrialized nations?
The standard of death in most industrialized nations is brain death.
Mr. Kim's attorney prepared a written document in which Mr. Kim specified the treatments he did or did not want in case of a terminal illness, coma, or other near-death situation. Mr. Kim's document is a(n)
living will.
After sibling loss, thinking about the deceased and speaking to him or her
seem to facilitate coping with loss.