Native American Review
Terms in this set (52)
Eastern Woodland tribes
Their region was covered with thick forests -east of Mississippi across northern US . Used trees as a resource. Included Iroquois and Algonquian
Algonquians lived in these round bark-covered shelters.
Great Plains tribes
Nomadic groups such as the Cheyenne and the Dakota/Lakota, who lived in tepees covered with buffalo skins. They depended on/followed the buffalo for survival
Pueblo tribes,such as the Hopi, the Zuni, and the Navajo had to adapt to intense, hot summers and bitter cold winters with weeks of no rain. Many lived in adobe homes
Northwest Coast or Pacific Northwest tribes
Tribes, such as the Makah and Chinook had plentiful food and resources available to them. Coastal water was important resource to them, especially salmon and whales hunted in canoes. Giant trees used for homes, tools, and boats
Northwest Coast celebration with dancing,food and speeches, meant to show wealth and share property among the people. means "to give"
Arctic or Far North Tribes
Nomadic people, such as the Inuit and Aluit, survived on seal meat and fish. They traveled in small one-person boats called kayaks
a long wooden-framed building covered in bark in which several families could live - used by Iroquois Nation people
beads cut from seashells to make designs that showed important decisions, events, or stories, or traded and exchanged for goods
a celebration to honor a cultural or religious event
an extra amount
a one-person canoe made of waterproof skins stretched over wood or bone
a way of life or an idea handed down from the past
a loose group of governments working together
a device made of two poles fastened to the dog's harness, used to transport goods
a brick or building material made of sun-dried earth and straw
a house made of snow or ice
What was one of the main purposes of the Iroquois league?
to resolve conflicts among people and groups - promote peace
Which two things did the Plains people need to survive?
Water and then Buffalo
Which natural resource was considered very important to the Eastern Woodlands?
when food was scarce, the Northwest people got together to...
share seal meat
How did life change for people once they began farming? *
People in the Americas began planting seeds and growing crops such as corn and beans. Agriculture, or farming, gave people a reason to settle in one place. As groups raised more food, the population grew.
Tribes of the Northwestern seacoast of America who lived in one location and built large homes of wood.
Tribes of the plains or Midwest section of the country who moved about and built tents or tepee houses.
Native Americans of the Southwest who built their homes of homemade sun dried bricks.
Tribes on the east coast of America who built homes of tree branches covered with bark, .
a sharp point made of rock which is attached to a spear to make a hunting weapon.
tipi or tepee
a home like a tent. The frame is made of poles and then covered with buffalo skins and a hole in the top to vent smoke from the fire.
The main resource of the Plains Indians. A large animal whose meat was the main food. The skin was used for clothing, blankets and moccasins. The hoof was used to make glue and the horns were even used to make spoons, and cups. The Plains group moved about to follow these herds for hunting.
The leader of the Tribe. He is brave and takes good care of both family and tribe.
arts and crafts of the Plains and Woodland groups
These Indians decorated their clothes with beads and painted designs applied with porcupine quills.
rabbits and wild turkey
The main meat source of the Pueblo group.
a wooden pole carved and painted with bird and animal figures which told stories about the people
arts and crafts of the Northwest group
Woven baskets, hats, mats, and capes made from dried grasses and bark.
whales and fish
Main meat source of the Northwest group.
a long spear like hunting tool with two points used to catch whales.
Eastern Woodlands Nations -known for farming & fishing
to exchange goods with other people
a group of families that are related to one another
one of the spirits that are important in the religion of the hopis and other Pueblo peoples
a group of adobe houses that the Anisazi and other pueblo peoples lived in; Southwest; apartment style
a cone shaped house built covering a log frame with mud or grass
land set aside for Native Americans by the U.S. government
Iroquois Confederacy or Iroquois League
The Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and the Mohawk tribes (plus later the Tuscarora) joined together to live under the Great Law of Peace
an organization that people form which unites them for a particular purpose
Grand Council or Great Council
made up of male leaders from each tribe, chosen by the Clan Mothers, they make decisions (must be unanimous) in the Iroquois League
What Great Plains state is home to many Cheyenne today?
shaman's main role
to cure sick people and call upon the spirits
Iroquois custom still used today
the Great Council
Native, Native American, American Indian, First Nations, First People, indigenous people
different names used refer to the original inhabitants of the Americas. The most correct way is to refer the name of their nation (ex: Cheyenne, Ho-Chunk, Dakota, etc.)
a tightly knit group of people who share a common culture and are united under one government
"the three sisters"
corn, beans and squash planted together by many Native groups