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24 terms

Immediate Effects of Exercise on the Respiratory System

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Immediate Effects of Exercise on the Respiratory System
Breathing quickens
Oxygen Debt
Breathing deepens
Long-Term Effects of Exercise on the Respiratory System
Increased vital capacity
Lungs become more efficient
Lung capacity increases
The number of alveoli in the lungs increases
Increase in number of capillaries around the alveoli
VO2 max (aerobic capacity) is increased
Increase in number of blood vessels increased
Gaseous exchange becomes more efficient
Immediate Effects of Exercise on the Cardio Vascular System
Increased stroke volume
Increases heart rate
Glucose is released from the liver
Adrenaline is released
Blood is diverted away from the organs (liver, kidney, brain) to the muscles
Blood pressure increases
Systolic pressure increases
Long-Term Effects of Exercise on the Cardio Vascular System
Resting heart rate is reduced
Heart recovery time (the rate at which the heart returns to normal) becomes faster
Cardiac output increases
More efficient stroke volume
Blood pressure is reduced
Veins and arteries become healthier
Veins and arteries become more flexible and more efficient
Size and volume of the heart increases (hypotrophy)
Long term Effects of Exercise on the Skeletal System
Bone density increases
Ligaments (bone to bone) and tendons (muscle to bone) become thicker and stronger
Joint flexibility increases and allows more power in movement
Immediate Effects of Exercise on the Muscular System
Increase in muscle temperature
Long-Term Effects of Exercise on the Muscular System
Lactic acid builds up
Hypertrophy
Muscular strength increases
Muscular endurance increases
An increase in the demand for oxygen and glycogen
Muscles are working at an increased work rate
Increase in waste products
Lactic acid builds up
Increased muscular strength
Increase in muscular endurance
Increase in bone density