114 terms

The Joys Of Yiddish

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Adonai
A hebrew name for god, meaning "lord.", Master
Apikoros
sinner; heretic; hypocrite
Bris, Brit, Brith
the Jewish rite of circumcision performed on a male child on the eighth day of his life
Covenant
Chazzen, Hazzan, Hazzen
A Cantor in a Synagogue
Cheder, Heder, Kheder
Jewish school for elementary school kids.
Chelm
A city in Poland known for its Jewish stories about mythical residents.,
A village which, according to Jewish folklore, was inhabited by foolish souls
Chozzer, Chazzer, Hazzer
One who Reviews, Rabbi who memoriezes the teachings
Chuppa
a wedding canopy, serves as a symbol of the home they are about to make
Chutzpah
(Yiddish) unbelievable gall,
n. nerve; audacity
Daven
[Jewish Term] to pray, sway rock lightly
Dybbuk
(Jewish folklore) a demon that enters the body of a living person and controls that body's behavior
Eretz Yisroel
The Land of Israel, Jewish people regard as their God-given homeland.
Feh
"An expression of disgust or disapproval, representative of the sound of spitting."
Gehenna, Gehinnom
The Jewish term for "hell." Originally the site of human sacrifice, this Jerusalem valley was cursed by the prophet Jeremiah as a place of death and corruption. In Jesus' day it was used as a garbage dump.
Gevalt
A strong exclamation for help or out of fear; desperate expression of protest.-Yiddish

"Oy Gevalt!," cried Solly, clutching his dome after being hit with a stray golf ball.
Golem
(Jewish folklore) an artificially created human being that is given life by supernatural means
Kaddish
jewish prayer for the dead
Kibitzer
(Yiddish) a meddler who offers unwanted advice to others
Klutz
(Yiddish) a clumsy dolt
Kohen
High priest, descendant of Moses and Aaron, who is responsible for offering the prescribed sacrifices
Mazel Tov
yiddish for "congratulations"
Meshugge
Senseless; crazy.
Naches
"Pride" or joy" especially at the achievements of one's children.
Nebech, Nebbish
(Yiddish) a timid unfortunate simpleton, pitful person
Nu
well!, now! (interjection)
Putz
fool, jerk
Rebbe
A rabbi, esp. a religious leader of the Hasidic sect
Shadchen
A matchmaker.
shlemiel
"A clumsy, inept person, similar to a klutz (also a Yiddish word). The kind of person who always spills his soup."
Shmaltz
lit. chicken fat drippings, eating on challah; pathos or excessive sentimentality
Shmuck
(Yiddish) a jerk,
Shtunk
Someone of a nasty disposition
Shtup
slang terms for sexual intercourse
Tsuris, Tsoris
(Yiddish) aggravating trouble
Yenta
(Yiddish) a woman gossip unable to keep a secret
Orthodox Judaism
In conversion, require circumcision
Must be immersed in Mikvah
Men and Women Don't sit together
Men must have head covered
Tradition decides what is believed
Women wouldn't giver surmon
Mikvah
(Hebrew) a ritual purification and cleansing bath that Orthodox Jews take on certain occasions (as before Sabbath or after menstruation)
Reform Judaism
Circumcision Not required
Men and woman can sit together
men not required to have head covering
individuals choose what to believe
Women can give surmons
Reconstructionist
Beleive in No personal God
Secular Judasim
Unafiliated to any established church
Tzitzit
Fringes on the Tallit
Skull cap color
Any Color
Nudnik
: a person who is a bore or nuisance, prays to much
Why Pray
To get closer to God
Allow us To change
3 types of Prayer
Prayers of Praise
Prayers of Request
Prayers of Thanksgiving
Keva
Routine, no heart in the prayer
Kavannah
Reciting something and taking it to heart
Siddur
Prayer Book
Aliyah
To be called up to read from torah
3 Houses of the Synagoge
House of Prayer
House of Study
House of Assembly
Things all synagoges have
Library
Min. 10 people to hold service
Prayers are collective
B'nai
Sons/Children of Jacob
Bethisrael
House of Israel
Purocet
Vail in front of window
More things synagoges have
Arc on East Wall
Eternal Light
Purocet
Windows at least 1
Platform to read scrolls from (Bima)
Tablets with names of dead
People of the Synagoge
Ravvi, Cantor, Shammash, Director of Education, Pres of Congregation
Shammash
The handy man of the congregation, does everything all of the small stuff
Mezuzzah
Box afixed to a door, contains hand written scirpture
Shalom Bayit
peace in the house
Kippa
(or Yarmulke) Jewish "skull cap" worn by males for prayer and sacred occasions
Tallit
Prayer Shawl
Mizrach
A plaque on the wall say which way is east.
Tzaddik
According to Hasidism, a pious leader who is the intermediary between God and man, the "soul of the world"
Messenger mal-ach
Angle
Kashrut
Jewish dietary laws
Bet Din
"House of judgement"; rabbinic court of Judaism
ketubah
Jewish pre-marital contract in which the husband is to provide for the wife and pay money if divorce
mohel
The person who performs the ritual of circumcision
chevra kaddisha
an organization of Jewish men and women who make sure the bodies are prepared for buriel
Jahrzeit
Annual remembrance day for deceased.
Matzah
brittle flat bread eaten at Passover
Seder
(Judaism) the ceremonial dinner on the first night (or both nights) of Passover
Haggadah
The text recited at the Seder on the first two nights of the Jewish Passover, including a narrative of the Exodus.
Purim
This Jewish holiday is marked by the exchange of gifts, donations to the poor, and the reading of the Book of Esther in the Bible, and which commemorates their deliverance from massacre by Haman
Children wear costumes
Sukkot
Autumn harvest festival when huts of branches are erected in memory of the time in the wilderness.
Tisha b'Av
a day of mourning to commemorate tragedies affecting the Jewish people, particularly the fall of the First and Second temples in Jerusalem
Passover/ Pesach
a joyful spring festival that recalls the hebrews' exodus from egypt and freedom from oppression
Nissan
Chanukah
(Judaism) an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem in 165 BC
Rosh Hashanah
The Jewish New Year
Shavuot/Pentecost
a Jewish festival that commemorates God's giving of the Ten Commandments to Moses
Simchat Torah
(Judaism) a Jewish holy day celebrated on the 22nd or 23rd of Tishri to celebrate the completion of the annual cycle of readings of the Torah
Exorcism
White Robes, Candles, Shofar (Ram's horn)
Gematreya
words have a numerical value
Shechita
The ritual slaughtering of birds and mammals according to Jewish Dietary laws
Shochet
a holy person that is the person that performs the shechitah ritual killing
Shiva
(Judaism) a period of seven days of mourning after the death of close relative
Sheloshima
30 day mourning period
olam ha-ba
"the world to come", the end of uncertainty, miseries, and strife
nissuin
wedding ceremony that follows Jewish laws and traditions
kiddushin
part of talmud that deals with the ceremony and rules concerning betrothal, or engagement
kittel
the groom wears this for the first time on his wedding day, and then wears it on every yom kippur and he wears it when he is buried.(symbolizes life and death)
kallah
Bride
chattan
groom
Bashert
Marriage; soulmate
Seder
Passover meal
Food of the Seder
Wine, matzot, Karpa (green veggy), Fruit and Nuts, Bitter Herbs, Roatsted Egg, Roasted Bone, Salt +water, special cup for Elijah, chametz
Manna
food that God gave the Israelites during the Exodus
Yom Kippor
Jewish Day of Atonement- fasting and reflecting on one's sins
Rosh hashanah
the beginning of the year; The festival occurring in early fall in commemoration of the new year.
Mitzvot
deeds of loving kindness
Shabbat
Jewish Sabbath which runs from friday evening to saturday evening
Kiddish
santification, blessing over wine
Mishna
collection of Jewish laws, oral law written down in 220 AD, with Gemara equals Talmud, seed festivals, women, damages, holy things, purities
Gemara
the second part of the Talmud consisting primarily of commentary on the Mishna
two of them, Palestinian, Babalonean
6 sections of the Mishna
Seeds, Time, Women, Damages, Holly Things, Purity
Talmud
the collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish law and tradition (the Mishna and the Gemara) that constitute the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism
5 Books of the Torah
Genesis, exodus, leviticus, numbers, deuteronomy
Tanach
the Jewish scriptures which consist of three divisions--the Torah and the Prophets and the Writings
The Original Sin
Judaism vs Chirstianity
Kohanim
priests; descendant of aaron
agape
the greek term for divine, unconditional love; the manner in which God loves us
tetragrammatron
four letters in Hebrew that form the name of god - "YHWH" meaning I AM WHO I AM
Chesed
the Hebrew word for 'commitment'. The Old Testament often described God's steadfast loyalty and love by using this word
noahide laws
Seven laws based on God's communication to Noah; Noah's laws. Laws that all mankind should live by:
Prohibition of Idolatry; Prohibition of Blasphemy; Prohibition of Murder; Prohibition of Adultery; Prohibition of Robbery; Prohibition of Eating of the Flesh of Live Animals; and the Establishment of Courts of Justice.
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