Clinical Psychology Chapter 1
Trull and Prinstein 8th edition
Terms in this set (32)
The field of Clinical Psychology integrates...
science, theory, and practice
The field of Clinical Psychology helps us...
understand and alleviate discomfort and dysfunction
The field of Clinical Psychology promotes...
human adaptation, adjustment, and personal development
Clinical Psychology focuses on...
Intellectual, Emotional, Biological, Psychological
Social, and Behavioral factors across the life span, in varying cultures, and at all socioeconomic levels
rooted in the medical tradition
regards psychopathology as a mental "illness" that can be remedied with a medical treatment (i.e medication)
requires medical degree in addition to a residency in psychiatry
Psychiatrists can be referred to as medical physicians
A psychiatrist is...
a medical physician who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental illness
Why is psychiatry a declining field?
Prescription privileges, Decrease in interest, Perceived lack of prestige
Counseling Psychology is...
Traditionally work with normally or maladjusted individuals, Historically focused on educational or career counseling, and currently represent a wide range of theoretical orientations and treat clients across the life span. Generally focus conducting educational and occupational counseling often from a person-centered or humanistic orientation
Counseling Psychology in general provides the following services:
Preventative treatment, Consultation, Development of outreach programs, Vocational counseling, Short-term counseling / therapy from one to fifteen sessions
Clinical Doctoral programs include...
Twice as many applicants as counseling programs
Average GRE scores of accepted students slightly higher
Research focusing on psychological disorders, clinical health psychology, and clinical child and adolescent psychology is more common
Counseling Doctoral programs include...
Higher percentage of ethnic minority students and those with master's degrees
Research focusing on minority/cross-cultural issues and vocational testing more common
Clinical Social Workers are...
Mental health professionals trained in psychiatric diagnosis, individual and group psychotherapy
Training limited to a 2 year master's degree
Intensely involved in the day-to-day lives of their patients
Focus more on the social and environmental factors that contribute to their patient's difficulties
School Psychologists are...
Psychologists who work with educators to promote the intellectual, social, and emotional growth of school-age children
Activities may include evaluating children with special needs, developing programs or interventions to address these needs, and consulting with teachers and administrators on school policy
Health Psychologists are...
Psychologists whose research or practical work focuses on good health or the prevention of an illness, or the treatment of individuals with diagnosed medical conditions
Rehabilitation Psychologists are...
Psychologists who focus on individuals with physical or cognitive disabilities and the ramifications that come along with them
Psychiatric Nurses are...
Work closely with psychiatrists or clinical psychologists to implement the therapeutic recommendations
In most states certified nurse practitioners have prescription privileges
Mental health workers must...
1. receive appropriate professional training
2. pass a licensing exam
3. maintain their current knowledge of the field while they continue their jobs so that they can treat patients correctly
Non-regulated "therapist" or "psychotherapist" are...
do not have sufficient educational or licensing requirements mandated by the state and provincial governments to be considered a mental health professional
Offer services using the title of "therapist"
Clinical Psychologist Activities include...
psychotherapy, diagnosis and assessment, teaching, clinical supervision, research/writing, consultation, and administration
Demographics of clinical psychologists
Gender: 34% women
Race/ethnicity: 7% ethnic minority
Theoretical Orientation: Psychodynamic decreasing over the years, Cognitive-behavioral is increasing
Many consider themselves eclectic/integrative
Clinical psychology coursework...
Varies between programs, Normally includes a standard set of courses aimed to provide an understanding of the basics, Students also enroll in advanced clinical coursework that focuses on subjects of interest more in depth
Clinical psychology Practicuum
Learning through clinical practica, or exposure to clinical work and practical applications of skills
Clinical psychology Research
Involves courses in statistics, research methodology, and participation in research
Most programs require a master's thesis, and all programs require an intensive original research project, a dissertation, to receive a doctorate
Clinical psychology Qualifying Exam
Usually made up of intensive written (and sometimes oral) examinations in the third year
Can cover either all of psychology or just clinical
Clinical psychology Internship
Usually comes at the end of graduate training
Allows students to gain experience working in a professional setting
Exposes students to clinical psychologists who may have different ideas and theoretical orientations than those encountered at the university, which helps to combat provincialism
Stimulates ideas for future research projects
Clinical psychology Dissertation
Intensive original research project by the fourth or fifth year
Designed to contribute significant new information to the field
Most programs stress traditional experimental or correlational research for the dissertation
Women in Clinical Psychology
Growing trend: more women than men are receiving their doctorates in psychology, especially clinical psychology
The increase in women earning doctorates in psychology will serve to advance the field because it will bring a broader range of perspectives to problems encountered in both clinical practice and clinical research
Predominant training philosophy in clinical psychology today
Requires that students acquire research competence by contributing to ongoing studies and eventually conducting their own original research project
Integrate the role of scientist with practitioner
Arose from concerns that clinical psychology is not sufficiently grounded in science
Focuses on evidence-based approaches to assessment, prevention, and clinical intervention
Over 50 clinical training programs identify with the clinical-science model
Offer advanced training in psychology that focuses on competence in assessment and psychotherapy rather than research; typically not associated with universities and award the psyd
an advanced degree in psychology that is emerging as an alternative to traditional research-oriented Ph.D. odegrees
the theoratical framework that a psychologist relies on to conceptualize and treat patients problems (psychodynamic, cognitive, behavioral, interpersonal, systems, and eclectic/intergrative)
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