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Chapter 23 Western Civilization

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Old Regime
the social and political system in France were the people were divided into three social classes or estates
estate
social classe
Louis XVI
king of France from 1774 to 1792
Marie Antoinette
queen of France (as wife of Louis XVI) who was unpopular
National Assembly
a French congress established by representatives of the Third Estate on June 17, 1789, to enact laws and reforms in the name of the French people
Tennis Court Oath
Vow by members of the 3rd estate not to disband until a constitution was written
Great Fear
The panic and insecurity that struck French peasants in the summer of 1789 and led to their widespread destruction of manor houses and archives.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
Statement of fundamental political rights adopted by the French National Assembly at the beginning of the French Revolution.
Legislative Assembly
A French congress with the power to create laws and approve declarations of war, established by the constitution of 1791.
Emigres
French nobility who fled country to escape the Revolution
Sans-culottes
were peer people from paris and big cities. were very violent., A reference to Parisian workers who wore loose-fitting trousers rather than the tight-fitting breeches worn by aristocratic men.
Guillotine
instrument of execution that consists of a weighted blade between two vertical poles
Committee of Public Safety
The leaders under Robespierre who organized the defenses of France, conducted foreign policy, and centralized authority during the period 1792-1795.
Reign of terror
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
Napolean Bonaparte
French emperor & Leader of the French Army during French Revolution
Coup d'etat
A sudden overthrow of the government by a small group
Plebiscite
a direct vote of all the people of a country or district on an important matter; a referendum
Lycées
French government-run public schools
Concordat
formal agreement
Battle of Trafalgar
an 1805 naval battle in which Napoleon's forces were defeated by a British fleet under the command of Horatio Nelson.
Napolean Ordered blockade
hurt britain but but did not destroy it
Sent army to portugal
Penninular war, 5 years, napolean lost about 300,000 men
Invaded russia
1812, large army that didnt feel much loyalty toward him
France Entered moscow
stayed too long in frozen tundra and starved
Raised army and fought Battle of Leipzig
fought against fourth coalition(britain,russia,prussia,and sweden) gave up throne and was exiled to ELBA
Escaped Elba
reclamed part of empire to fight battle of Waterloo
Battle of waterloo
fought on june 18th,1815 , napolean was defeated and exiled
St, Helena
Napolean was exiled here, romoted island in south atlantic, Died in 1821
Waterloo
Village in Belgium where napolean was defeated
Hundred days
The brief period during 1815 when Napoleon made his last bid for power, deposing the French King and again becoming Emperor of France
June 17, 1789
Tennis Court Oath
July 14, 1789
Storm Bastille
April 2, 1917
President asks congress to declare war
July 28 1914
A-H declares war on serbia
November 11 1918
WW1 ends
June 28 1914
Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated
June 28 1919
Treaty of Versailles
Nationalism
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
Imperialism
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
Militarism
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force
Democracy
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them