AP Latin: Dative Syntax
Terms in this set (8)
Filio fabulam narravit... He told his son a story
Indirect Object with an intransitive (special) verb
Credite mihi... Believe me. Tibi persuadebo ut discedas... I shall persuade you to go away N.B. when these verbs are in the passive, the indirect object is retained, and the verbs become impersonal - Tibi persuadebitur ut discedas... You will be persuaded to leave
Indirect Object with Compounds
Some verbs compounded with ad, ante, con, in, ob, post, prae, pro, sub, super in such a way as to change their meanings call for a dative object. Caesar Brutum exercitui praefecit... Caesar put Brutus in charge of the army.
Dative of Possession
Used with the verb to be. Imperatori est gladius... The emperor has a sword.
Dative of Agent
used with the gerundive and some of the perfect passive constructions to show the "doer" of the action. Oppidum Caesari est oppugnandum... The town ought to be besieged by Caesar. Mihi deliberatum est... I have deliberated
Dative of Purpose (a part of Double Dative)
Venit auxilio castris... He came as an aid to the camp. The following words are most commonly used with this construction: auxilium - aid, praesidium - guard, cura - care, subsidium - reserve
Dative of Reference (a part of Double Dative)
the person or thing affected in the sentence ...quibus locus paratur... for whom a place is being made ready. N.B. when the datives of purpose and reference are used together, they are called the double dative - Flumen erat magno imperimento Gallis. The river was a great hindrance to the Gauls.
The dative occurs with adjectives of fitness (aptus), nearness (proximus), likeness (similis), friendliness (amicus), and their opposites. Galli sunt proximi Germanis... The Gauls are near the Germans.
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