PRT 266 Midterm
Terms in this set (85)
Which of the following developments made the emergence of the sport business industry possible?
technology such as the railroad and telegraph
Type of power that is based on ability to provide prizes, bonuses, and interesting assignments to employees and participants:
Goal setting is part of the ____________ management process
Sport sociology examines which of the following?
organizations of groups
Sport performance, sport production, and sport promotion make up the model proposed by Pitts, Fielding, & Miller (1994).
What is this model called?
product type model
Which of the following assumptions should be challenged by sport managers?
Members of underrepresented groups do not have the requisite skills for management positions.
Which group was the most important market segment for sport businesses at the turn of the 20th century?
white middle-class males
Which of the following is NOT a primary objective of general education courses?
teaching students to express themselves better
in writing than in speaking
How are sport (as opposed to sports) and religion (as opposed to religions) alike?
Both are broad terms that encompass many activities (in the case of sport) or faiths (in the case of religion).
The qualities, attitudes, beliefs, traits, and concepts that have special significance or meaning for you are your
Money spent by sport participants, spectators, and sponsors is called
associated economic activity
How does one start the critical thinking
by identifying the issue and the conclusion
Which of the following approach to evaluating organizational effectiveness involves focusing on the ability to process the
inputs while considering the internal well-being of the organization?
Deciding who will do which task and when they will do it is part of the ____________ management process.
Which of the following aspects of communication
is not important for sport managers to understand?
_________ complexity is evidenced by the number of levels that exist between the top executive in the organization and the lowest position and units in the hierarchy.
The three necessary elements (categories discussed in text) necessary for success in sport management include all of the following except:
What effect did free agency have on professional sport?
In general, students may complete their formal internship after they have completed:
junior year (all 300 level courses)
Grooming, posture, and attire and accessories
are aspects of a person's
In the 1870s, sporting goods manufacturers competed directly with _______.
PRT 466 is the core sport management course entitled:
Sport Finance and Economics
To demonstrate social responsibility, sport managers should
acquire a sound understanding of the historical,psychological, sociological, and philosophical dimensions of sport
The functions of a _________________ include
budget and finance, risk management, television contracts, scheduling and many other tasks critical to the success of an athletic department.
Which university inaugurated the first master's-level sport administration program of study designed to prepare
students for jobs in a variety of sport-related industries?
According to your textbook, you are a professional
Marketing is a unique aspect of sport management because
sport activities tend to be spontaneous
Which company was the first modern sport business enterprise?
A. G. Spalding & Brothers
Before Title IX, most administrators and coaches of women's intercollegiate sports teams were
____________ is the process of working with and through individuals and groups to accomplish organizational goals.
Critical thinking is
positive, caring, and productive
How do young children learn to think and behave in accordance with the multiplicity of social roles available to them?
According to Mintzberg (1973, 1990), typical managers perform 20 roles that fall into _______categories.
Which of the following is not part of professional preparation as discussed in your text?
Field experiences are
supervised practical experiences designed to connect theory with practice
Students in the sport managment degree are required to complete a ____________ internship.
10 week 400 hour
A. G. Spalding & Brothers was known for their ____________ skills.
Influencing employees to produce goods and services is part of the
_____________ management process.
In bringing people together by giving them a sense of personal identity, group membership, and social identification, sport serves as a ____________.
unifier of people
A person who attempts to influence the behaviors of others is considered a ____________.
Which of the following competencies is of paramount importance for people working in sport communication management?
written and verbal communication
Which of the following baseball players endorsed Louisville Slugger baseball bats and was described by the chapter's authors as "a personality, a hero, a human interest story, a style to be copied"?
The power of sport as a social institution is seen in
enormous print and broadcast media attention
Evaluating the degree to which employees are adhering to the organization's guidelines and standards is part of the
_____________ management process.
What term did David Harris use to describe the notion that teams must, among other things, share revenues?
The concept of managerial leadership suggests that _____________ do things right and _______________ do the right thing.
_____________ revolutionized the ways in which games were covered by the media by televising sport as a commercial
__________ was considered the formula for success in college football.
An organization design that has no stable form of centralization or decentralization is referred to as
Developments in which of the following areas will challenge sport managers of the future?
Which of the following are resources that are useful in career planning?
professional colleagues, membership in professional organizations, academic advisors, faculty
Developments leading to success included
vertical integration, diversification, development of a modern management system
(all are management developments that lead toward success)
Which of the following is a distinguishing feature of professional sport?
the interdependence of the teams
Which of the following approach to evaluating organizational effectiveness involves focusing on the value dimensions of focus and structure?
__________ is the process of influencing individual and group behavior for some desired results.
The basic function of a _________________ is to establish rules and regulations that support and sustain a level playing field for member institutions while creating in-season and postseason competitive opportunities.
Workers involved in interstate commerce, including all professional sport teams except MLB, are covered by which of the following:
National Labor Relations Act
Goal setting is part of the ____________ management process.
The irrational fear or intolerance of homosexuality, gay men, or lesbians is called
Recruiting and hiring new employees is part of the _____________ management process.
_________ complexity refers to the number of geographical locations in which an organization operates
Steering minority players away from the quarterback position is a form of
Financing is a unique aspect of sport management
a significant portion of sport enterprise
revenue comes from revenue centers such as concessions, parking, merchandise,
and TV rights
____________ increased the availability of sporting
goods products and outlets
competition and cooperation
Where were A. G. Spalding's two separate divisions located in 1894?
Chicago and New York
_________ refers to an organization's development of separate divisions, sub-companies or departments that focus on certain tasks or products of the company that can be run autonomously.
Which of the following statements describes
career paths in sport management?
Success depends on good understanding of finance, marketing, and management.
The minimum number of hours required for
graduation from the sport management degree is_______
What piece of legislation allowed leagues (instead of individual teams) to negotiate network TV contracts?
Sports Broadcasting Act of 1961
Economies of _____________ refer to savings originating from the mass production of goods and services.
Staffing involves which of the following:
recruiting and hiring new employees
Which of the following are suggestions or examples provided in the text to assist new employees in managing the work
transition and adjustment process?
learn your job, demonstrate your work ethic, learn to manage conflict, use electronic communication appropriately
(all of the above)
According to your text, ___________ involves sharpening your job search skills.
NASSM is the acronym for:
North American Society for Sport Management
Critical thinking refers to which of the following:
the awareness of a set of interrelated critical questions, the ability to ask and answer critical questions, the desire to use critical questions and accept their results as a guide to behavior
(all of the above)
Which of the following elements should be considered in order to understand change, according to Pettigrew (1987, 1990)?
content, context, and process
For which of the following administrator positions is it imperative that the administrator understand NCAA and conference rules and regulations?
Economies of _____________ refer to the maximization of resources used throughout an organization.
What are an integral part of your personality and are related to your values?
Skills that a person should be able to perform in a variety of vocational settings including sports organizations are called
What was the first team sport to employ professional athletes?
NASPE is the acronym for:
National Association for Sport and Physical Education
Elements in the general environment include all of the following except:
Culture is often manifested through stories and myths, which can be defined as
narratives that may be based on truth or fiction
A. G. Spalding & Brothers used athlete endorsers, which led to unique ___________for the company.