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Anatomy and physiology for Veterinary Technicians "Chapter One"
Terms in this set (59)
Divides the body into equal left and right halves.
Divides the body into left and right parts that are not nessessarily equal.
Divides the body into cranial and caudal parts.
Divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts.
The animal's left
The animal's right
Toward the head.
Toward the tail
Towards the tip of the nose
Toward the top
Toward the bottom
Toward the Medial plane.
Away from the Median plane.
Towards the center of the body or a body part.
Toward the surfaceof the body or body part.
Towards the body (used for appendages)
Away from the body (used for appendages)
Ground/back surface of front limb distal to the Carpus.
Ground/back surface of hindlimb distal to the tarsus.
Trunk of the body. (formed by the rib cage and the adbomen.)
Lateral surface of the abdomen. (between the last rib and the hind legs.)
Area at the base of the neck, (between the front legs, that covers the cranial end of the sternum.)
Top of the head (between the bases of the ears)
Area that is the Highest point on back, where the saddle sits
Dorsal part of the base of the tail
On a hog or beef animal, the part of the rear leg that corresponds to the knee on the front leg, but bends the opposite way
a group of small bones between the main part of the hind limb and the metatarsus in terrestrial vertebrates. The seven bones of the human tarsus form the ankle and upper part of the foot.
Femorotibial/femoropatellar joint- equivalent to human knee on upper hind leg
The projection of the leg of a horse behind the joint between the cannon bone and great pastern bone, bearing a tuft of hair, the tuft of hair itself, also called fetlock joint, the joint at this point
Carpus of hoofed animals
Large metacarpal or metatarsal bone of hoofed animals
area of the limb between the fetlock and hoof
Proximal phalanx area of a horse
Lying on the back (dorsal body surface) with the ventral surface facing up.
Left lateral Recumbency
Lying on one's left side.
Right lateral Recumbency
lying on right side
lying on the belly
lying on the sternum with the dorsal surface facing up
Laying tilted between dorsal or sternal recumbency and lateral recumbency
The "front" surface of a limb proximal to the carpus or tarsus.
The "back" suface of a limb proximal to the carpus or tarsus.
the group of small bones between the main part of the forelimb and the metacarpus in terrestrial vertebrates. The eight bones of the human carpus form the wrist and part of the hand, and are arranged in two rows.
"Backbone" surface of the body.
"Belly" surface of the body.
Dorsal Body Cavity
contains the cranial cavity and spinal cavity (brain and spinal cord)
Ventral Body Cavity
Larger cavity. Contains most of the soft organs (viscera) of the body. Divided by the thin diaphragm muscle into the cranial thoracic cavity and the caudal abdominal cavity (abdomen)
Organs of the thoracic cavity are covered by this thin membrane
Pleura that covers the organs of the thorax
The Pleura that covers the whole thoracic cavity
Composed of cells. Job is to cover body surfaces, secrete materials, and absorb material.
Holds the body together. Connects its cells and gives them support. Cells are very soft and cannot support themselves without outside help. From fat to cartilage and bone. Composed of cells and a variety of nonliving intercellular substances such as fibers.
Adipose (Connective) Tissue
Very soft. (commonly called fat)
Moves the body inside and out.
Three types: Skeletal, cardiac, smooth
Moves the bones of the skeleton and is under conscious nervous control.
Makes up the heart and works automatically
found in internal organs such as the digestive tract and urinary bladder. Pretty much works automatically
Transmits information around the body and controls body functions.
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