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Human Anatomy Chapter 2 Study Guide
Terms in this set (40)
anything that occupies space and has mass
The capacity to do work ( Put matter into motion
*has not mass
Law of Conservation of Energy
Total amount of energy in an isolated system remains constant ----- Energy is neither created nor destoryed
6 elements that make up 98.5% of body mass
O, C, H, N, Ca, P
65, 18, 10, 3, 1.5,1 %
What is an atom? Name the 3 parts.
-the smallest indivisible unit of matter
-protons, neutrons, electrons
Atoms are electrically _______.
Protons and neutrons are ______ and have the same_______.
Electrons are extremely_______ (think weight)
-number above element Symbol on periodic table
-Number of protons
-number below element Symbol on periodic table
-sume of protons and neutrons
variant of the same element with different # of neutrons
Combination of 2 or more of the SAME atom
Combination of 2 or more DIFFERENT atoms
Chemical bonding is the relationship based on ____________.
Full valence shell means the element is?
Having space for more electrons in the valence shell is ?
Ionic bond is the _______ of electrons
Non- Polar Covalent Bond is the ________ of electrons
Polar Covalent Bonds? Oxygen gains a partial _______ charge while Hydrogen gains a partial _____ charge.
-Atoms have different abilities to attract electrons
ATP is generated in the process of _____________ __________
Give the full name of DNA and it's 4 components. Is it in or outside the nucleus? Why?
-A G C T
-Inside, it is too large to leave
Give the full name of RNA and it's 4 components. Is it in or outside the nucleus?
-A G C U
Are Nucleic Acids Organic or Inorganic molecules?
Nucleotides. Which ones are large and small?
-Adenine, Guanine (Large), Cytosine, Thymine, Uracil (small)
Enzymes are NOT ______ by the reactions. They are a highly _________ fit -- lock and ____.
consumed, specific, key
Hydrogen Bonds are ______ attaractions between the _____ of water molecules
Name the 7 properties H-bonding gives water.
Inorganic molecules typically do not contain a ________. What are the examples of inorganic molecules?
-salts, acids, bases, WATER
Organic molecules contain a ______ and are _____ bonded. What are the examples of organic molecules?
-proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, DNA
breaking down molecules by adding water
making molecules by removing water
Water is the most _______ inorganic compound in living things. It makes up ___ to ___ percent of the cell volume.
-60, 80 %
Acid is a proton _____ and has a pH _____ 7.
Base is a proton ______ and has a pH_______ 7.
Exergonic is energy ________ and is found is ______ reactions.
Endergonic is energy _____ and is found is _____ reactions.
Monosaccharides are the ______ _____ of organic molecules. They contain ___ Carbon ___ Hydrogen and ___ Oxygen.
What is the only polysaccharide found in human tissue and what organ is it produced by?
Recommended textbook explanations
Chemistry: Matter and Change, Florida
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