people who enter and become established in a country other than that of their original nationality.
John Pierpont Morgan
the most powerful and influential financer. He developed a reputation for shrewd business and merged Carnegie Steel Company and several others to make the first billion-dollar corporation
cramped quarters on a ship's lower decks for passengers paying the lowest fares
the processing center for many of the immigrants arriving from Europe after 1892
a Danish man who was a journalist observed that in 1890 if a map of new York City was sectioned off to show all of the different nationalities in NYC there wouls be many different sections.
groups of people classed according to common racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin or background.
a barracks in Californai for Asian immigrants.
hostility toward immigrants
Chinese Exclusion Act
This law barred Chinese immigration for 10 years and prevented the Chinese already in the country form becoming citizens.
something that motivates a person into action
tall, steel-frame buildings
The man who contributed the most to the design of skyscrapers.
multifamily apartments, usually dark, crowded, and barely meeting minimum living standards.
an organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government
the person in control of a political machine
the acquisition of money in dishonest ways, as in bribing a politician
He was one of New York City's most powerful party bosses-
William "Boss" Tweed
he was the most infamous person in the New York City Democratic political machine
term coined by Mark Twain and Charles Warner to represent the disparities in society in the late 1800s
the thought that no matter what a person's background is, the person can still become successfull
an idea of this era that was derived from Darwin's theories reinforced individualism
the scientific theory that humans and other forms of life have evolved over time.
Gospel of Wealth
wealthy American should engage in philanthropy
providing money to support humanitarian or social goals
brilliant American writer who captured the essence of America
a movement that worked to better conditions in cities according to biblical ideals of charity and justice.
institution located in a poor neighborhood that provided numerous community services such as medical care, child care, libraries, and classes in English.
She opened the famous Hull House in Chicago
the process of immigrant children being taught English in public schools and they learned about American history and culture.
political movement founded in the 1890s representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver and government control of railroads and other large industries.
a piece of US paper money first issued by the North during the Civil War
the loss of value of money
a note issued by the government that promises to pay off a loan with interest
a decline in the volume of available money or credit that results in lower prices, and, therefore, increases the buying power of money.
paper money used as a medium of exchange
a store where farmers buy products form each other; an enterprise owned and operated by those who use its services
necessary to or important in the initiation, conduct, or completion of a military plan
An organization that had strong support in the south- this alliance wanted to organize large cooperatives in order to force farm prices up and make loans to farmers at low interest rates.
this party was also known as the Populists- they nominated candidates to run for Congress and the state legislature.
graduated income tax
tax based on the net income of an individual or business and which taxes different income levels at different rates
William Jennings Bryan
he was a strong supporter of silver- he was nominated for Democrats- the populists didn't want to be split in half so they also supported him, but they worried about the risk of them being seen as a different identity.
the governor of Ohio who was the candidate for the Republicans- they made him the candidate because they thought he could sway the Northeast and Midwest.