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50 terms

Test 3

STUDY
PLAY
The technology of painting with oils was developed in?
Northern Europe
The earliest-known writing system from which a recorded language developed was the invention
of?
Sumerians, Cuneiform
A work of art that uses a tragic Roman tale to arouse feelings of patriotism, self-sacrifice, and
civic virtues in its viewers is?
The Oath of Horati
One important aspect of ________ that gets "lost in translation" when viewed in a museum, is
that they are created for use in ceremonies involving groups of people in motion.
African Masks
Romans could watch gladiators fight to the death, along with other sporting events, at the____________?
Colosseum
What is the name of the holy book of Islam?
Quran
Although we know almost nothing about the culture that created them, the abstract ________ of
the Cycladic culture appear extremely sophisticated for five-thousand-year-old works.
Female Nude Figures
The walled, upward extension of the nave that is pierced with windows is called the__________?
Clerestory
Cultural exchange between Islam and Byzantium is exemplified by the ________ in the Great
Mosque at Córdoba, Spain.
Mosaics
The cross-shaped floor plan of a church is formed by the combined shapes of the nave and the____________?
Transept
The movement that divided all of Europe into Protestant and Catholic camps is called______________?
Reformation
Paintings depicting scenes of everyday life are known as ________ paintings.
Genre
Unlike their Greek and Roman predecessors, Byzantine artists preferred_____________?
a flattened, abstract style of art
The ________ is the walkway directly in front of a church that serves as the entry porch.
Narthex
Duccio and Giotto were two artists whose innovations in ________ greatly influenced
Renaissance painting styles. A.
Byzantine & Gothic Traditions
Duccio and Giotto were two artists whose innovations in ________ greatly influenced
Renaissance painting styles. B.
Used Naturalism
The Palace Chapel at Aachen was built for ________ as his personal place of worship.
Charlemagne
. What purpose is served by the carved figures that adorn the entryways at Chartres Cathedral?
Reminder that one was entering a sacred place
Soaring open spaces, pointed arches, ribbed vaulting, flying buttresses, and stained glass
windows are characteristic of ________________?
Gothic Architecture
The transition from Romanesque to Gothic style can be seen in the ________ at Chartres
Cathedral.
Architecture & Sculptures
One of the effects of the Renaissance was to change the status of artists in Europe from____________to_____________?
Skilled craft workers to intellectuals
The word renaissance means?
Rebirth
The era known as the High Renaissance encompasses a time period of about ________ years.
25
The theme of the Sistine Chapel ceiling frescoes comes from___________?
Genesis
A true arch was developed by ________ architects long before the Romans came up with the
idea.
Neo-Babylonians
Artists working in the Early Renaissance period included?
Botticelli, Donatello, Ghiberti, Masaccio
One of Michelangelo's major achievements was_____________?
Redesigning St. Peters Cathedral Basillica
According to historians, the Roman era began in 510 B.C.E. with_____________?
Founding of Roman Republic
Which 15th-century invention led to the decrease in the practice of illumination by hand?
The Printing Press
A ram's head was used as a symbol of a sun god in the cultures of both Egypt and_____________?
Kush
Which work of art tells the story of a man who was murdered in his bath?
The Death of Marat
Three majors cultures that preceded the Greeks in and around the Aegean Sea were the
________ cultures.
Cycladic, Minoan, Mycenaen
In Baroque architecture, wall surfaces often protrude into the viewer's space. In Baroque
painting, this same effect is created through the use of___________?
Dramatic Lighting
The Palace of Versailles was home to____________?
King Louis XIV
Because they lacked stone, the ancient Sumerians built their cities of____________?
Sun dried brick
. ________ helped shape the Neoclassical style.
Excavation of Pompeii & Herculaneum
St. Teresa in Ecstasy is an excellent example of__________?
Baroque Sculpture
Which artists intentionally used their work to shape the public's view of prominent figures?
Vigee-Lebrun & David
In comparison to Baroque art, the style of Rococo____________?
Playful & Lighthearted
The most notable example of Neolithic architecture in Europe is___________________?
Stonehenge
Islam came into being during the early part of the ________ century C.E.
7th
Which of the following became an important device for Islamic artists as a result of Islamic
doctrine forbidding images of animate beings in religious contexts?
Geometric & Floral Patterns
Because of its connection with the act of prayer, ________ became the most highly regarded art
in the Islamic world.
Calligraphy
Which of the following was court painter to King Philip IV?
Diego Velazquez
Much of the artwork from Africa is lost to us because________?
Made of perishable material
. King Tutankhamun's tomb was discovered in 1922 by___________?
Howard Carter
The art and architecture of the high Middle Ages is generally divided into two periods, the
________ and the ________.
Romanesque & Gothic
Minkisi that are shaped like fierce hunters, believed by the people of the Congo to seek out and
punish wrongdoers, are called__________?
Minkundi
What destroyed the Roman colonies of Pompeii and Herculaneum in 79 C.E.?
Volcano Eruption
Leonardo da Vinci was a skilled_____________?
Painter