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pre-dynastic period

before written history and before the first dynasty - a time of tribal, nomadic wandering with only loose associations


means "sacred writings" - most of the writing concerned pharaohs or were about the other gods, and the writing was done by the priests

getting to the after life

-having one's name preserved in writing - being buried on Egyptian soil - being properly prepared for the next life (embalming etc)


self-denial of earthly pleasures


belief in reincarnation - the caste of the new body is dependent upon who well a person lived during his or her previous life


believed that history is not linear but divided into six periods which repeat throughout history - when the sixth stage ends the cycle runs backwards - people are reincarnated throughout the periods - ultimate goal is to get out of reincarnation and into Nirvana / non violence and strict vegetarians


based on the principle that people should seek the Middle Way, neither excesses in self-denial now self-indulgence


wanted to reestablish the Mandate of Heaven - could happen if five relationships were cared for properly - also a collection of moral teachings

Lao Tzu

his teachings suggest that Nature is the great teacher that gives examples of how we can find the correct path in life if we are only observant of the world around us - identified two contrasting natures in people as yin and yang and said we need to find balance between them

the Silk Road

the principle route for trade between Europe and China

the Great Wall of China

1500 miles long - served as both a barricade and a road - stretches from the Pacific Ocean to the Tibetan mountains in the southwest


Chinese emperor who built the silk road and the great wall of china and standardized everything

Liu Bang

a jailer who took over China

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