Upgrade to remove ads
BJU US History Chapter 16
Terms in this set (60)
wealthy industrialists who gained control of industries by using ruthless tactics to drive their competitors out of business.
United States financier who accumulated great wealth from railroad and shipping businesses
a steel giant that got where he was by vertical integration. He pioneered vertical integration as a way to run a corporation, and was an anti-trust advocate as well as a philanthropist.
Practice where a single entity controls the entire process of a product, from the raw materials to distribution
John D. Rockefeller
founder of Standard Oil Company; at one time his companies controlled 85-90 percent of refined oil in America. Standard Oil became the model for monopolizing an industry and creating a trust.
A technique used by John D. Rockefeller. Horizontal integration is an act of joining or consolidating with ones competitors to create a monopoly. Rockefeller was excellent with using this technique to monopolize certain markets. It is responsible for the majority of his wealth.
a consortium of independent organizations formed to limit competition by controlling the production and distribution of a product or service
John Pierpont Morgan
American financier (JP Morgan) and industrialist who organized the US Steel corporation after buying it from Carnegie
US Steel Corporation
created in 1901; largest merger; Carnegie and J.P. Morgan formed this corporation from 200 steel/iron companies; controlled 60% of the country's steelmaking campacity
After the Civil War, southerners promoted a new vision for a self-sufficient southern economy built on modern capitalist values, industrial growth, and improved transportation.
James Buchanan Duke
Southern industrialist behind the American Tobacco Company and Southern Power Company who made great advances in the businesses of tobacco and hydroelectric power.
Alexander Graham Bell
invented the telephone in 1876
Thomas Alva Edison
American inventor of over 1,000 patents; he invented the light bulb and established a power plant that supplied electricity to parts of New York City.
Republican Senator from New York who led the Stalwarts during the presidency of Rutherford B, Hayes, 1877-81; involved in a scandal over corrupt federal custom houses that pitted him against the president.
This branch of Republicanism opposed reform efforts, supported high tariff hard money and the spoils system
During the presidency of Rutherford B. Hayes, 1877-81, a moderate Republican party faction led by Senator James G. Blaine that favored some reforms of the civil service system and a restrained policy toward the defeated South.
James A. Garfield
James Garfield was elected to presidency(20th) in 1880. He barely won the popular vote but won by a huge margin in the electoral college. He was assassinated so Stalwarts could be in power in the government. This brought about reforms in the spoils systems.
Chester A. Arthur
21st President, distanced himself from the Stalwarts, supported the reformation of civil service, and approved the development of an American navy
1883 law that created an independent Civil Service Commission
Civil Service Commission
created by the Pendleton Act to administer entrance exams for the federal civil service and set standards for promotion based on merit
Completely failed to reform the tariff as had been intended, it only succeeded in doing was to clarify party positions on the tariff issue
22nd and 24th president, Democrat, Honest and hardworking, fought corruption, vetoed hundreds of wasteful bills, achieved the Interstate Commerce Commission and civil service reform.
Interstate Commerce Act
1887 Act created an Interstate Commerce Commission to oversee the conduct of the railroad industry. With this act the railroads became the first industry subject to Federal regulation.
23rd President; Republican, poor leader, introduced the McKinley Tariff and increased federal spending to a billion dollars.
Sherman Antitrust Act
an 1890 law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States.
A highly protective tariff passed in 1880. So high it caused a popular backlash which cost the Republicans votes.
Panic of '93
caused by over building, over- speculation, agricultural depression, and labor problems. because of McKinley Tariff
Knights of Labor
secret society that became the first truly national labor union in the United States
Terrence V. Powderly
most remembered for leading the Knights of Labor, a labor union whose goal was to organize all workers, skilled and unskilled, into one big union united for workers' rights and economic and social reform
American Federation of Labor
Federation of craft labor unions lead by Samuel Gompers that arose out of dissatisfaction with the Knights of Labor
Founded the American Federation of Labor (AFL)
On May 4, 1886 in Haymarket Square, Chicago police advanced on a meeting called to protest alleged brutalities by authorities. A dynamite bomb was thrown and killed dozens of people. The Knights of Labor were blamed for incident at Haymarket Square and as a result, it lost public support.
The workers at a steel plant in Pennsylvania went on strike, forcing the owner to close down. Armed guards were hired to protect the building. The strikers attacked for five months, then gave in to peace demands.
Eugene V. Debs
led the Pullman strike and founded the American Railway Union
In Chicago, Pullman cut wages but refused to lower rents in the "company town", Eugene Debs had American Railway Union refuse to use Pullman cars, Debs thrown in jail after being sued, strike achieved nothing.
a command or order, especially a court order
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
Social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to combat the power of the railroads in the late 19th century.
Also Known as the People's Party, they demanded unlimited coinage of silver, a graduated income tax, direct election of senators, and immigration restrictions
unlimited coining of silver dollars to increase the money supply
25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism.
William Jennings Bryan
Democratic candidate for president in 1896 under the banner of "free silver coinage" which won him support of the Populist and Democrats. Made silver main issue of 1896 election, still lost because too radical
the growth of cities and the migration of people into them
Immigrants from Southern and Eastern European countries and Asia arriving in the late 1800s, caused much racial tension
The mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples that has changed the American nation. The United States, with its history of immigration, has often been called this.
The Origin of Species
1859: Charles Darwin's book explained how various species evolve over time and only those with advantages can survive and reproduce.
English natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection
Application of Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection to society; used the concept of the "survival of the fittest'' to justify class distinctions and to explain poverty.
Counter-Social Darwinism, believed individuals should cooperate and such unity and intellect would ameliorate society's problems
Midwestern born writer and lecturer who created a new style of American literature based on social realism and humor
the depiction of people, things, and events as they really are without idealization or exaggeration for effect
style of writing that rejects idealized portrayals of life and attempts complete accuracy, disinterested objectivity, and frankness in depicting life as a brutal struggle for survival.
Author who used realism in his novel, "Maggie, A Girl of the Streets", to depict urban poverty and slum life. He also wrote the book "Red Badge of Courage"
A naturalist who achieved a degree of popular success with his adventure stories The Call of the Wild (1903) and The Sea Wolf (1904), celebrating the triumph of brute force and the will to survive.
Popular novelist during the Industrial Revolution who wrote "rags to riches" books praising the values of hard work
An unhealthy attachment to material goods and wealth, particularly when it diminishes virtue and distracts from attention to the spiritual life.
conducting large city-wide campaigns in huge auditoriums or large churches in major cities
Dwight L. Moody
Americas most famous evangelist during the 19th century, he brought the tradition of old time revivalism to the industrial city.
Dwight L. Moody's song leader who popularized "gospel songs".
called the Moody of the South
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
BJU US History Chapter 14
BJU US History Chapter 17
BJU US History 13
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
US History II Honors - Chapter 18
Chapter 23 Vocab APUSH
Chapter 24 APUSH
Chapter 18: The Rise of Industrial America, 1865-1…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Streams Of Civilization 1 Chapter 1
BJU US History Chapter 23
BJU US History 27+
BJU US History 27
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
UNIT 3 - Industrialization & the Gilded…
Captains of Industry Study Guide
UNIT 3 - Industrialization & the Gilded Age
UNIT 3 - Industrialization & the Gilded…