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25 terms

chapter 3: Federalism

Jeopardy Review Questions
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this system allows the national government the right to alter or even abolish local government
unitary system
an explicit statement of state powers added later to the original constitution
tenth amendment
powers that are granted to the national government, but not denied to the states
concurrent powers
the constitutional source for the concept of implied powers
the necessary and proper clause
powers that all governments are assumed to have
inherent powers
the doctirne of dual federalism has been compared to this kind of cake
layer cake
the type of federalism illustrated by a marble caked
cooperative federalism
the doctrine that states have the authority to declare federal laws void for violating the U.S. Constitution
nullification
as currently interpreted by the courts, this clause allows Congress to regulate almost any kind of economic activity
commerce clause
this early court case confimed the supremacy of the federal government in the exercise of its constitutional powers
McCulloch v. Maryland
These grants were designed to remedy a common criticism of categorical grants, namely, that they lacked specificity
block grants
federal grants over which state governments have the widest discretion
revenue sharing
this type of grant typically has the greatest support of interest groups
categorical grants
thedecade during which federal grants were increasingly based uponwhat dederal officials precieved to be national needs
1960
the first form of grants-in-aid to the states by the federal government were in this form.
land grants
federal rules that states must follow if they choose to recieve the federal grants with which the rules are associated
conditions of aid
federal rule that states must follow, whether or not they recieve federal grants
mandate
an interest group made up of mayors, governors, and other state and local officials who depend on federal funds
intergovernmenal lobby
the return of control over important government functions back to the sates
devolution
the congress (identified by number) most closely associated withh devolution
104th
the U.S. Supreme Court Cheif Justice whose own views of federal power are closely aligned with Alexander Hamilton's.
John Marshall
this landmark supreme court case ruled that navigation is commerce and thus subject to regulation by Congress
Gibbons v. Ogden
a state's power to enact laws andregualtions, not otherwise unconstitutional, that promote health, safety, and morals
police powers
process that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot
initiative
procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office
recall