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Jeopardy Review Questions

this system allows the national government the right to alter or even abolish local government

unitary system

an explicit statement of state powers added later to the original constitution

tenth amendment

powers that are granted to the national government, but not denied to the states

concurrent powers

the constitutional source for the concept of implied powers

the necessary and proper clause

powers that all governments are assumed to have

inherent powers

the doctirne of dual federalism has been compared to this kind of cake

layer cake

the type of federalism illustrated by a marble caked

cooperative federalism

the doctrine that states have the authority to declare federal laws void for violating the U.S. Constitution


as currently interpreted by the courts, this clause allows Congress to regulate almost any kind of economic activity

commerce clause

this early court case confimed the supremacy of the federal government in the exercise of its constitutional powers

McCulloch v. Maryland

These grants were designed to remedy a common criticism of categorical grants, namely, that they lacked specificity

block grants

federal grants over which state governments have the widest discretion

revenue sharing

this type of grant typically has the greatest support of interest groups

categorical grants

thedecade during which federal grants were increasingly based uponwhat dederal officials precieved to be national needs


the first form of grants-in-aid to the states by the federal government were in this form.

land grants

federal rules that states must follow if they choose to recieve the federal grants with which the rules are associated

conditions of aid

federal rule that states must follow, whether or not they recieve federal grants


an interest group made up of mayors, governors, and other state and local officials who depend on federal funds

intergovernmenal lobby

the return of control over important government functions back to the sates


the congress (identified by number) most closely associated withh devolution


the U.S. Supreme Court Cheif Justice whose own views of federal power are closely aligned with Alexander Hamilton's.

John Marshall

this landmark supreme court case ruled that navigation is commerce and thus subject to regulation by Congress

Gibbons v. Ogden

a state's power to enact laws andregualtions, not otherwise unconstitutional, that promote health, safety, and morals

police powers

process that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot


procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office


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