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Terms in this set (63)
UN Security Council
Who: 5 (US, USSR, England, France, China)
What: Ensure anglo american influence on world events
Why: Vetoe anything use their advantage
Where: Court System- Netherlands
Meeting- New York
He was an American diplomat and ambassador best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War.
A US policy announced by President Harry Truman of providing economic and military aid to free nations threatened by internal or external opponents (1947)
What: to contain communism
Who:Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall
What: he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and
Why: help prevent the spread of Communism.
Who: USA vs USSR
What: power struggle between the soviet union and the United States after world war II
Why: two super powers brink of world war and nuclear war
National Security Act
Passed by Congress in 1947 and it created the Department of Defense. It also established a National Security Council (NSC) to advise the president on security matters and a Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to coordinate the government foreign fact-gathering.
Made Air force "elite branch"
Joint effort by the US (New Air Force) fly food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city
Launched by Truman sent (10,000 flights)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; (In response to Berlin Airlift) US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
Created in case of war with Russians
1st Commander Dwight Eizenhower
To Secure These Rights
Committee on Civil Rights
Detail on Jim Crow laws all of stuff in south (report), title of a report published in 1947 by Truman's Presidential Commitee on Civil Rights, which called for the elimination of segregation; Truman followed their recommendation by desegregating the army in 1948
Harry S Truman
Election of 1948
party splits (dixicrat revolt)
he wins because he pins to American people
"Fair Deal" change us and heat up cold war ,
33rd U.S. President. 1945-1953.
southern Democrats who opposed Truman's position on civil rights. They caused a split in the Democratic party.
Second Red Scare
Who: USA & McCarthy
What: fear that communist has seeked into our society
When: late 40's early 50's
Why: anyone could be accused
Alger Hiss/ Pumpkin Papers
Who: Alger Hiss (aid to supreme court justice/aid to FDR Yalta) & Witaker Chambers
What: microfilms of secrect documents stolen by Hiss and handed to Chambers to be passed on to soviet
Where: late 40's
Who: Senator Joe McCarthey
What: Accused people of being communist/ made a speech saying he knows commmunist
Why: Only political scheme
who: US, UN, People of Republic of China, NK, SK
, Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations (primarily the United States) allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea.
What: political conservatism, religious revival, bomb shelters
Why: telling people not to be communist
everyone the "same"
The Kinsey Reports
Alfred Kinsey (Zooologist)
studies best known and most widely cited example of survey research; published volumes on male and female sexuality based on 7 year long survey (sex habbits)
Attack on Comic Books
who: American youth
what: violent comic (attacks)
saying video games made people violent
exp. batman and robin gay
white country with black R&B
King of Rock n Roll
Television in 50's
"I love Lucy" biggest show
early role model for womens movement
"Ozzie and Harriet"
-real family (reality show)
-big phenomenon "Truth and Justica"
master multimedia advertising (Inter-media advertising)
Movies in 50's
rise of Sci-fi
special effects "Aileen's" are really communist and sometimes real aliens
Washington June 1947/ Pilot saw land of metalic orbs in formation
Roswell New Mx: July 1947 (ABC Radio)
July 1952: UFO's over white house, radars went off
Operation Blue Book (Air Force) 1947-1969 75% misnamed them
Interstate Highway Act of 1956
Opened America to newly affluent post war generation
purpose to create highway for large military to move quickly and planes in case of communist invasion
govt. builds businesses opening up/travel became easy
Eisenhower's policy- "Conservative when it comes to money and liberal when it comes to human beings."
Brown vs. Board of Education
1945 Oliver Brown and daughter of Topeka Kansas
Marshall argues case
"separate but = has no place"
desegregation of public schools with "all deliberate speed"
Montgomery Bus Boycott
Rosa Parks: worked for Montgomery Women political council
She boycotted a bus intentionally
Local minister Dr. King calls for boycott on busses
Emmett Till was a fourteen year old boy that was from Chicago visiting his family in Mississippi. He was murdered for whistling at a white woman. Emmett Till was brutally murdered by some white men that heard about his behavior towards the white woman. His horrific murder grabbed the immediate attention of local blacks and whites. Emmett's mother had an open-casket funeral because she wanted the world to see what "they did to her son." Emmett's death attracted attention nation-wide and for the first time Northern blacks saw that violence against blacks in the South could affect them in the North. The tragedy that this murder created made an immense impact on the American society as it drew the attention of the brutality of racial violence, leaving many blacks in fear of violence.
Martin Luther King Jr
SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Council)
November 1956 rules city busses law of violation of 14th Ammendment
U.S. Baptist minister and civil rights leader. A noted orator, he opposed discrimination against blacks by organizing nonviolent resistance and peaceful mass demonstrations. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. Nobel Peace Prize (1964)
Little Rock Nine
Nine black teenagers who integrated Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957 and became the focus of a national crisis that required the intervention of federal troops to resolve.
US Involvement in Vietnam
•Sent aid and troops to the south to prevent a communist invasion.
Vietnam wanted independence, but the US supported the French recolonization effort because they wanted France as an ally. They claimed that Vietnamese leader Minh was a Communist and funded France. Created the 17th parallel and stopped an election from happening that would give rule to "Communist" Minh.
CIA Pilot; flew the U-2 spyplane & taken prisoner by the Soviets when it was shot down; Soviets sentenced him to 3 years in prison and 7 years in forced labor, which was pretty much a death sentence; US later traded a captured Soviet spy in order to get him back
May 1, 1960
Election of 1960
Kennedy vs Nixon
First televised debate
Kennedys victory one of the closest in US
Kennedy won by good looks, but others say Nixon won by responses
Nixon did not want to re-count votes because it could divide America
John F. Kennedy
35th U.S. President. 1961-1963 (Assassinated). Democratic, president during part of the cold war and especially during the superpower rivalry and the cuban missile crisis.
other events, which were during his terms was the building of the berlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnamese war.
Youngest Att. General (35)
choosen to keep FBI Director Hoover in check
Presidents most valuable, trusted person
Eizenhower put money into NASA due to Sputnic Launch (Cause of Cold War),
Formed to create satellites and missiles to compete with the USSR after Sputnik. Later it created a mission to land a man on the moon.
Bay of Pigs Invasion
plan to take out Castri
refugees rise up against Cuba and over throw
April 17, 1961
mistake: full moon that night Castro had house there
a wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Cuban Missile Crisis
Kennedys highest point
an international crisis in October 1962, the closest approach to nuclear war at any time between the U.S. and the USSR. When the U.S. discovered Soviet nuclear missiles on Cuba, President John F. Kennedy demanded their removal and announced a naval blockade of the island; the Soviet leader Khrushchev acceded to the U.S. demands a week later.
The Feminine Mystique
Betty Friedman (50's housewife)
"problem that has no name"
Problem" college educated women = not allowed to do anything with it
3rd wave of feminism opportunity
National Organization for Women
founded by Betty Friedan and others in 1966 it focused on womens rights in the workplace fought against legal and economic discrimination agianst women and lobbied for the Equal Rights Amendment
Greensboro Sit In
The Greensboro sit-ins were a series of nonviolent protests of four college students which led to the Woolworth's department store chain reversing its policy of racial segregation in the Southern United States.
Greensboro North Carolina
Group of civil rights workers who took bus trips through southern states in 1961 to protest illegal bus segregation
attempt to force bus to integrate in South
(Worst violence) Gadsen AL
Sept. 1961 Interstate Commerce Desegregation
36th President of the United States
television ad of little girl secured victory ,
deomcrat, passed civil rights act of 64, included a program called Great Society, presidency based on vietnam war, passed Gulf of Tonkin and said "to take any measures nessesary",decided to escalate American involvement in Vietnam, proved to be extremely unpopular
The Great Society
All Americans should be equal and free from want
Education Reform and aid from college
Civil Rights Act
Civil Rights Act 1964
This act made racial, religious, and sex discrimination by employers illegal and gave the government the power to enforce all laws governing civil rights, including desegregation of schools and public places.
first African American to serve in a cabinet; served as secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development under Johnson
The first African American to serve on the Supreme Court of the United States. Prior to becoming a judge, he was a lawyer who was best remembered for his activity in the Little Rock 9 and his high success rate in arguing before the Supreme Court and for the victory in Brown v. Board of Education
Fannie Lou Hamer
spokesperson for the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party at the 1964 Democratic Convention
"Is this America Speech"
wanted black faces in crowd
spread ideas of black nationalism. disagreed w/ both the tactics and goals of the early civil rights movement.
minister of the nation of isam. rejected his original name "Little" because it was his family's slave name
Assassinated Feb 1965 by Nation of Islam Radical
March from Selma
Selma AL- Montgomery
LBJ sent national guard to protect
TV coverage exposed southern cruelty incident to pass voting
Voting Rights Act of 1965
redraws congregational districts,
federal law that increased government supervision of local election practices, suspended the use of literacy tests to prevent people (usually African Americans) from voting, and expanded government efforts to register voters.
Black Panther Party
Stokley Carmicheal: Black power call for people to unite, recognize heritage
Black is beautiful
guarding voting registration booths to make sure no one gets bothered when they vote
ghetto region in LA
police stop man for DUI; rumor police brutality
riots which started in an African-American ghetoo of Los Angeles and left 30 dead and 1,000 wounded. Riots lasted a week, and spurred hundreds more around the country.
Sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos raised a black-gloved fist (the sign for black power) as National Anthem was played. Event resulted in the two men being removed from US Olympic Track Team.
SDS (Student Democratic Society)
college students opposed "all men are equal"
national affluence ignores poverty
president can do whatever it takes, whatever it costs to win the Vietnam war
1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment
Election of 1968
George Wallace Indp. Party (for segregation)
Richard Nixon Rep. Party
LBJ chooses not to run leaving last min race for nominee
Person they rally Bobby Kennedy (Killed)
comedy and sci-fi allow a look at ourselves in 60's
every episode about social issues
most famous episode black and white aliens try to kill each other cause their different (commentary on racial hate)
FIRST INTERRACIAL KISS (1968)
SCLC (SOUTHERN CHRISTIAN LEADERSHIP COUNCIL)
led by MLK and other clergymen.
use peaceful protest and boycott to end segregation. don't resist if attacked. influenced by Gandhi. shift focus of civil rights from North to South
CORE (Congress of Radical Equality )
Founded in 1942, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) became one of the leading activist organizations in the early years of the American Civil Rights Movement. In the early 1960s, CORE, working with other civil rights groups, launched a series of initiatives: the Freedom Rides, aimed at desegregating public facilities, the Freedom Summer voter registration project and the historic 1963 March on Washington. CORE initially embraced a pacifist, non-violent approach to fighting racial segregation, but by the late 1960s the group's leadership had shifted its focus towards the political ideology of black nationalism and separatism.
SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee )
formed by black and white students after the Greensboro, Nashville, and Atlanta sit-ins in 1960. established a summer of voting registration in 1963
A student group founded in 1960 that generated their own projects and strategies to end segregation.
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