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Dr. II - CPASS review Architecture
all terms required for CPASS 2013
Terms in this set (59)
a threaded rod inserted in masonry/concrete construction to anchor the sill plate to the foundation.
lower kitchen cabinet, 2' deep
the portion of the foundation on which the brick veneer rests.
a facing of brick laid against and fastened to sheathing of a frame wall or tile wall construction.
a number horizontal beams, running parallel from one wall to the opposite wall of the structure.
concrete masonry unit
the result of combining cement, sand, aggregate, (usually stone or gravel) and water.
the overhang of the roof at the eave line that forms a connection between the roof and side walls.
the frame for a door that fits inside the rough opening.
used over the top piece of door trim in frame construction to shed water.
drawn for each side of the structure, typically as orthographic projections
load bearing walls that consist of sole plate, studs, and double top plates; must be fastened to the interior walls that they intersect.
a horizontal board nailed onto ends of the rafters.
identifies the location and dimensions of eterior and interior walls, windows, doors, major appliances, cabinets, fireplaces, and other fixed features of the house; section view taken about halfway up the wall.
provides support for the floor.
increase the supporting capacity of the foundation wall by spreading the load over a larger area.
a plan view drawing in section that provides all of the information to construct the foundation; illustrates the foundation size and material.
a large support beam of wood or steel used to support concentrated loads at isolated points along its length.
the surface of the ground around a building.
a beam placed perpendicular to joists and to which joists are nailed in framing for chimneys, stairway, or other opening such as doors and windows.
consist of sole plate, studs, and double top plates; must be fastened to the exterior walls that they intersect.
where the family relaxes, entertains guests, dines, and meets together
a short wooden framing used to support an overhanging portion of a roof; extends from the wall to the underside surfacing of the overhang.
the projecting area of a roof or upper story beyond the wall of the lower part.
a masonry pillar, usually below a building to support the floor framing; piers are shorter than columns.
.slope of a roof, usually expressed as a ratio
stud walls that house plumbing lines.
the most basic member of roof framing; designed to support loads.
refers to steel rods which are put in footings and grade beams in a concrete foundation; could vary in size depending on the structure and what size foundation is being poured.
the top edge of the roof where two slopes meet.
the type of ruller used in drafting; the primary scale used in architecture is 1/4" = 1'-0", with the whole number being feet and the little marks on the opposite side of being 0 being inches.
the part of the house where food is prepared, clothes are laundered, goods are stored, the car is parked, and equipment for upkeep of the house is stored.
the structural covering, usually wood boards or plywood, used over studs or rafters of the structure.
the lowest member of the framework of a structure; rests on the foundation and supports the floor joist or the uprights (studs) of the wall; designed to drain water away and provide support for side jambs.
an extension of a slab floor; it is placed at the same time as the floor is cast and is not a separate unit. It is sometimes called a thickened slab.
where the family sleeps, rests, and bathes
usually the underside of an overhanging cornice.
the bottom horizontal member of the wall on which studs rest.
distance between two supports.
affixed to the floor joists; provides the surface on which the underlayment for the final finished floor will rest.
the most common type of foundation; the name is derived from the shape of the foundation and footing, which looks like an inverted T.
framing member located on top of stud; the first top plate is placed on and nailed to top of studs. A second top plate is added after the wall is in place on which the ceiling joists rest.
structural members arranged and fastened in triangular units to for support of loads over a long span.
damp proofing, usually a heavy coat of hot tar or two coats of cement-based paint
upper kitchen cabinets, 1' deep
section cut through the foundation to the roof showing all building components.
foundation wire is used as a re-enforcement for concrete slabs.
a measure of kitchen efficiency; it is determined by drawing a line from the front-center of range to the refrigerator to the sink and back to range.
location of lines on map in degrees from north or south, and minutes and seconds.
helps describe the topography of the site by depicting shapes and elevation of the land.
the foundation of an electrical system; the circuit breaker or fuse and switch type of electrical distribution.
GFCI (ground fault circuit interrupter)
a safety device that continually monitors the amount of current going to the load and compares it to that coming back.
an outlet intended for a lighting fixture.
points to the direction of true north to give the orientation of the view.
define the site boundaries; length and bearing of each line must be identified on the plot plan.
a contact attached to a circuit to allow electricity to be drawn off for appliances or lighting.
drawing showing the exact size, shape, and levels of property.
a light switch that simply opens and closes the circuit.
three way switch
a light that allows the fixture to be turned on and off from two locations.
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