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50 terms

Chapter 8 - Judaism

Professor Alfarone Edison State College Spring 2013
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Judaism traces itself back to what legendary patriarch who is written about in the book of Genesis?
Abraham
The Talmud is
a long work of commentary based on biblical principles.
The Jewish Day of Atonement, the most sacred day of the Jewish year, is
Yom Kippur.
Contemporary Judaism has split into four parts. The most liberal is called
Reconstructionist Judaism.
The general Jewish attitude toward physical matter and bodily pleasure has generally been that
both matter and the body are innately good.
When the Jewish boy turns thirteen, he is considered an adult in the religious community. This ceremony takes its name from his new status.
Bar Mitzvah
Which division of modern Judaism stresses strict beliefs and careful keeping of dietary laws?
Orthodox
Which Jewish festival recalls the event related in the Book of Exodus about liberation of the Hebrews from oppression in Egypt?
Passover (Pesach)
Which book is part of the Torah or Pentateuch?
Leviticus
The Reform movement that began to spread in the nineteenth century attempted to
modernize Judaism.
The three categories of the Hebrew Bible are
Torah, Prophets, and Writings.
The biblical book that describes the origins of the human race is
Genesis
The Sadducees were
an aristocratic, priestly party centered in Jerusalem.
The Jewish Sabbath is kept from
sunset Friday to sunset Saturday.
The biblical book of song lyrics sung in worship at the Second Temple in Jerusalem is
Psalms
Jewish dietary laws forbid eating
pork.
The Jewish New Year occurs at what time of year?
autumn
The Passover occurs at what time of year?
spring
On what feast are Jewish children given presents for eight days?
Hanukkah
The Bible says that God spoke to Moses
on Mount Sinai.
The day of Rejoicing in the Torah comes at the end of what festival?
Sukkot
The Southern Kingdom was destroyed in 586 b.c.e. by
Babylonia.
Zionism is
a movement that urges Jews to live in Israel.
Sephardic Jews have lived primarily in
the Mediterranean region.
The language of Sephardic Jews has been
Ladino
The Yiddish language, though written in Hebrew characters, is a type of
German
The first two kings of the Israelite Kingdom were
Saul and David.
A dietary law kept by traditionalist Jews is that what items may not be eaten at the same meal?
meat and dairy products
Traditionalists sometimes interpret the command not to work on the Sabbath as including no
use of the telephone.
Another name for the Torah is
Pentateuch
The name "Eve" means
life
Adam is said to have lived to be how old?
930
"Canaan" refers to
an early name for the region of Israel.
The Hebrew Bible sees history as
signs of divine activity.
"Covenant" means
contract
The Hebrew ancestor who, according to the Bible, first settled in Egypt was
Joseph
The moral conscience of the Hebrew people was the
prophets
According to the Book of Exodus, what disaster was the last to strike the Egyptians?
death of firstborn male children
The Jewish view of God is best expressed as
God makes moral demands.
The Torah is
the first five books of the Bible (Pentateuch)
The destruction of the Second Temple changed the nature of the Hebrew religion in that afterward
the Jewish religion began to focus on the written word.
The Talmud is the dispersion of Jews beyond Israel, particularly to Persia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean region.
false
Canaan is a joyous festival in early spring that recalls the Jews' being saved from destruction, as told in the book of Esther.
false
Diaspora means "Teaching," "instruction"; the first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures; also the additional instructions of God, believed by many to have been transmitted orally from Moses through a succession of teachers and rabbis.
False
Seder means "Order"; a special ritual meal at Passover, recalling the Hebrews' exodus from Egypt.
True
Biblical Judaism describes Judaism before the destruction of the Second Temple (70 C.E.).
true
The Western Wall is the foundation stones of the western wall of the last temple of Jerusalem, today a place of prayer.
True
Bar mitzvah means "Son of the commandment"; the coming-of-age ceremony that marks the time when a young man is considered a legal adult within the Jewish community.
True
Kosher means "ritually correct"; said particularly about food consumption and food preparation.
true
Passover is a joyful spring festival that recalls the Hebrews' exodus from Egypt and freedom from oppression.
true