Ways of the World Chapter 5 Vocab
Terms in this set (43)
The first great Greek philosopher to turn rationalism towards questions of human existence.
The Indian prince turned ascetic who founded Buddhism.
The first great popularizer of Christianity.
A Greek philosopher who believed that an unchanging mathematical order underlies the apparent chaos of the world.
A disciple of Socrates whose dialogues convey the teachings of his master while going beyond to express Plato's own philosophy
The end goal of Buddhism in which individual identity is extinguished into a state ofM serenity and compassion
In Hindi belief, liberation from separate existence of and union with Brahman
"Great Vehicle" - the development of an importance of supernatural beings in the early Common Era and was more popular than the original Buddhism
A Chinese philosophy distinguished by an adherence to clear laws with vigorous punishment
A legendary Chinese philosopher of the sixth century BCE, regarded as the founder of Daoism
In Hinduism, the determining factor of the level at which the individual reincarnated, based on purity of action and fulfillment of duty in the prior existence
The monotheistic religion developed by the Hebrews, emphasizing a sole personal God (Yahweh) with concerns for social justice
Jesus of Nazareth
The Prophet/God of Christianity
One of the most important prophets of Judaism, whose teachings show the transformation of the religion in favor of compassion and social justice
A very influential medical Greek theorist - regarded as the father of medicine
A word derived from outsiders to describe the vast diversity of indigenous Indian religious traditions
A secularizing system of scientific and philosophic thought that developed in Classical Greece - it emphasized the power of education and human reason to understand the world in nonreligious terms
The honoring of one's parents and ancestors, a key element of Confucianism
A Chinese philosophy/popular religion that advocates simplicity and understanding of the world of nature - founded by the legendary figure, Laozi
The central text of Daoism - translated as The Way and Its Power
Roman empire whose conversion to Christianity paved the way for the triumph of Christianity in Europe
Confucius (Kong Fuzi)
The founder of Confucianism - an aristocrat of northern China who proved to be the greatest influence on Chinese culture in its history
The Chinese philosophy enunciated by Confucius, advocating the moral examples of superiors as the key element of social order
The cultural/religious tradition first enunciated by Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha)
The priestly caste of India
The "world soul" or final reality in Upanishadic Hindu belief
An immensely popular development in Hinduism, advocating intense devotion toward a particular deity
A great Hindu epic text, part of the much larger Mahabharata, which affirms the performance of caste duties as a path to religious liberation
A major female Confucian author of Han-dynasty China whose work gives insight to implication of Confucian thinking for women
The human soul, which in Hindu belief seeks union with Brahman
A Greek polymath philosopher - student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great
In Zoroastrianism, the evil God, engaged in a cosmic struggle with Ahura Mazda
In Zoroastrianism, the good God who rules the world
A Chinese philosopher (369-286 B.C.E.) who spelled out the teachings of Daoism.
Persian monotheistic religion founded by the prophet Zarathustra.
A Persian prophet, traditionally dated to the sixth or seventh century B.C.E.
Yin and Ying
Expression of the Chinese belief in the unity of opposites
Warring States Period
Period in China from 403 to 221 B.C.E. that was typified by disorder and political chaos
The earliest religious texts of India, a collection of ancient poems, hymns, and rituals that were transmitted orally before being written down ca. 600 B.C.E.
Indian mystical and philosophical works, written between 800 and 400 B.C.E.
"The Teaching of the Elders," early form of Buddhism according to which the Buddha was a wise teacher but not divine and which emphasizes practices rather than beliefs
Roman emperor who made Christianity the official Roman religion
Thales of Miletus
a greek natural philosopher,noted for his application of reason to astronomy and for his questioning of the fundamental nature of the universe
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