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Govnt ch 25

STUDY
PLAY
_______________ involves the violation of the concepts of right and wrong as defined by statute and is usually punishable by a specified amount of time in jail.
Criminal law
The plaintiff has the burden of proof in a civil case and must convince the jury
by a preponderance of the evidence.
The state has the burden of proof in a criminal case and must convince the jury
beyond a reasonable doubt.
A ________________ consists of twelve persons who serve for two to six months and who determine whether the state has enough evidence to support the issuance of an indictment.
grand jury
Texas judges, with the exception of municipal judges, are
elected in partisan elections.
A vacancy on a court is filled by
an appointment by the governor.
_____________ percent of criminal defendants agree in a plea bargain to plead guilty in return for reduced severity for their sentence.
Ninety-seven
Capital cases are appealed directly to the
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.
An individual who cannot afford an attorney in a criminal case is
provided a court-appointed attorney.
The highest court in Texas for civil matters is the
Texas Supreme Court.
The highest court in Texas for criminal matters is the
Texas Court of Criminal Appeals.
The major trial courts of the state which handle trials involving criminal or civil matters are the
district courts.
In Harris County and in other large urban counties, the state trial courts are given specialized jurisdiction over all of the following except
maritime law.
Statutory probate courts are given jurisdiction to hear cases arising out of disputes concerning
wills and estate law.
The county court has the power to hear all of the following types of cases except
felony cases.
The ____________________ courts have jurisdiction to hear class C misdemeanors and minor civil matters (e.g., small claims).
justice of the peace
__________________ were created by the Texas legislature to have jurisdiction over violations of city ordinances and class C misdemeanors.
Municipal courts
________________ involves disputes between individuals and/or businesses over relationships, obligations, or responsibility, with the remedy usually being monetary compensation.
Civil law
Before the growth of the Republican Party in Texas in the 1980s, judicial elections
were competitive only in the Democratic primary.
Contributions to candidates in judicial elections usually come from
lawyers, interest groups, and potential litigants.
Votes in judicial elections usually reflect
the strength of party labels.
Which of the following is not an explanation given for the low number of minority judges in Texas?
the stereotypes held by voters, who are unwilling to see minorities as authority figures
In a merit system of judicial selections, judges would
All of the above are true.