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Key relationships

mode mixture

harmonic technique of combining chords from a major key and the PARALLEL minor

b3, b6, b7

mode mixture uses __, ___, and __ from the parallel minor

add a b or # before the Roman numeral

If the root of the chord is altered by mode mixture, alter the Roman numeral by ___ to show that the chord is built on an altered pitch


Resolve chromatic notes in mixture chords __.

ending a minor piece with an authentic cadence with a major tonic (raised third)

Picardy third

(1) recurring accidentals
(2) Roman numeral analysis shows unusual progressions

signs of modulation (1)/(2)

having a region of a new key (one or two non-diatonic chords) but not completely modulating

temporary tonicization

relative major/minor, one more sharp/flat and its relative, one less sharp/flat and its relative

closely related keys to modulate to

common chord/pivot modulation

modulation within a phrase

(1) pivot chord diatonic to both keys (usually ii or IV in the new key)
(2) chord just before the accidental or altered chord signaling the new key
(3) new key established by authentic cadence after modulation
(4) all music before common chord in original key and all music from common key to cadence in new key

signs of common chord modulation

direct modulation

modulation without a common chord

chromatic modulation

direct modulation within the phrase

chromatically altered note in the same voice (shifts at the accidental)

sign of chromatic modulation

phrase modulation

direct modulation between phrases

next phrases begins in new key

sign of phrase modulation

(1) cadence
(2) significant time in new key

modulation MUST have...

V, IV, vi (relative minor)

typically modulate to

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