Terms in this set (80)
Using story elements symbolically to represent an abstraction as well as the literal meaning
Repetition of consonant sounds
A reference to a commonly known book, event, myth, etc.
Multiple meanings of a word or phrase
a comparison of the relationship between two things
repetition of the same expression multiple times
A short narrative of an interesting episode or event
The word, clause, or phrase referred to by a pronoun
Juxtaposition of two contrasting ideas
A statement expressing a general truth or pinciple
Figure of speech that directly addresses an imaginary person or a personified abstraction
omitting of conjunctions between words
emotional mood created by a text
Two phrases that are parallel in syntax, but have reversed order of analogous words
Grammatical unit containing a subject and a verb
use of slang or informalities in speech or writing
The principle stating that the meaning of a whole passage should be clear and intelligible
a fanciful expression in the form of an extensive metaphor
the implied, suggestive meaning of a word
The strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, or color
repetition of a word or phrase after an intervening word or phrase (ex. We will do it I tell you: we will do it)
Related style - refers to the writer's word choices.
Greek meaning "teaching". These types of work have the primary aim of teaching or instructing, especially teaching of moral or ethical principles
Figure of amplification in which subject is divided into constituent parts or details, and may include a listing of causes, problems, etc... (ex. I love her eyes, her hair, her nose, her cheeks, her lips.)
Figure of emphasis in which a single work or short phrase, usually interrupting normal speech, is used to put emphasis (ex. in fact...)
from Greek "good speech" - more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a general unpleasant word or concept. (ex. earthly remains rather than corpse)
On of the our chief types of composition in essays. Purpose is to explain something
a metaphor developed a great length, occurring frequently in or throughout the work
writing or speech that is no intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid
Figure of speech
device used to produce figurative language. Many compare dissimilar things. (ex. including things such as irony, metaphor, oxymoron)
Describes traditions for each genre. These help define each genre.
Major category into which a literary work fits. A flexible term; within these broad boundaries exist many subdivisions that are often called genres themselves.
This term literally means "sermon", but more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice
A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement.
Figure of reasoning in which one or more questions are asked and then answered, often at length, by one and the same speaker; raising and responding to one's on question.
Sensory details or figurative language used to describe arouse emotion, or represent abstractions.
To draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented.
an emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attach using wrong, abusive language
the contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant. The difference between what appears to be and what actually is true. Three general types: verbal, situational, and dramatic
when two words, phrases, images, ideas are placed close together or side by side for comparison or contrast
From the Greek word "simple" or "plain". A figure of thought in which a point is affirmed by negating its opposite. Special for of understatement
type of sentence in which the main idea comes first, followed by a dependent grammatical units such as phrases and clauses. Often seem informal, relaxed, and conversational.
A figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things or the substitution of one for the other, suggesting some similarity.
Greek meaning "changed label" or "substitute name". A figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it.
Two distinct technical meaning in English Writing. One: grammatical and ears with verbal units and speaker's attitude. Indicative mood and subjective mood
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
A figure of speech in which n natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words. (ex. buzz)
Greek for "pointedly foolish". A figure of speech where the author groups apparently contradictory terms to suggest a paradox (ex. cruel kindness)
A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree or validity
Grammatical or rhetorical framing of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs. Can involve, but it not limited to, repetition of a grammatical element such as a preposition or verbal phrase.
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and ridicule. Distorts or exaggerated distinctive feature of the original.
An adjective that describes, words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly academic, or bookish
A sentence that presents it central meaning in a main clause at the end. Independent clause is preceded by a phrase or clause that cannot stand alone.
A figure of speech in which the author presents or describes concepts, animals, or inanimate objects by endowing them with human attributes or emotions.
Emphasis which intentionally employs a series of conjunctions (Fanboys) not normally found in successive words, phrases, or clauses.
Point of view
The perspective from which the story is told (first, second, and third).
One type of subject complement - a noun, One type of subject complement is an adjective, group of adjectives, or adjective caluse that follows a linking verb
A second type of subject complement - a noun, group of nouns, or noun clause that names the subject.
One of the major divisions of genre. Refers to fiction and non-fiction, including all its forms.
The duplication, either exact or approximate, of any element of language, such as sound, word, phrase, clause, sentence, or grammatical pattern
From the Greek "orator". Term describes the principles governing the art of writing effectively, eloquently, and persuasively
Describes the variety, the conventions, and purposes of the major kinds of writing.
differs from hypophora in that it is not answered by the writer because its answer is obvious or obviously desired, and usually just a yes or no answer would suffice. Emphasis or provokes the reader.
"to tear flesh'. Involves bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule someone or something.
Work that targets human vices and follies or social institutions and conventions for reform or ridicule.
The branch of linguistics that studies the meaning of words, their historical and psychological development, their connotations, and their relation to one another
An evaluation of the sum of the choices an author makes in blending diction, syntax, figurative language, etc..., and classification of authors to a group and comparison of an author to similar authors.
the word or clauses that follows a linking verb and complements, or completes, the subject of the sentence by renaming it or describing it
contains both a subject and a verb, but cannot stand alone
a deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises that inevitably leads to a sound conclusion
Generally anything that represents itself and stands for something else. Usually is something concrete
a type of metaphor in which the part stands for a whole.
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences. Similar to diction refers to the individual words
the central idea or message of a work, the insight it offers into life. Usually is unstated in fictional works, but in nonfiction, the theme may be directly stated, especially in argumentative writing
Sentence or a group of sentences that directly expresses the author's opinion, purpose, meaning, or position.
Similar to mood, it describes the author's attitude toward his material, the audience, or both. Easier to determine in spoken language than in written language by considering sound of the voice
A word or phrase that links different ideas
Ironic minimizing of fact. Presents something as less significant than it is
An attitude that may lie under the ostensible tone of the piece
In modern usage, intellectually amazing language that surprises and delights.