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Business Information Systems - List of Terms & Definitions
Terms in this set (40)
Consists of programs that direct computers to perform specific processing activities for end users.
Transactions that are accumulated and processed later as a group or in a batch.
Telecommunication device that connects one local area network to another one that uses the same telecommunications protocol.
Physical wiring that enables the connection between computer hardware components.
Business Processing Re-Engineering (BPR)
Fundamental rethinking and radical redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic improvement in cost, quality, speed, and service.
Live, interactive, conversations over a public network.
A substantial and long-term strategic benefit an organisation can obtain over competitive forces in the market place.
A hidden program that inserts itself into a computer's systems.
Can be compared with the human brain. It obtains instructions from memory, interprets them and notifies the other components to perform them.
Raw facts that occur in the physical environment or organisation.
System software that helps the user in the creation, controlling development, usage and maintenance of the databases of computer systems.
Electronic data interchange:
An inter-company communication of documents electronically in a standard format to increase speed, accuracy, integrity, dependability and timeliness of data.
Output that is used to make changes to input or processing.
Telecommunication device that serves as an entrance to another network.
A computerised collaborative system that helps managers to cooperate in solving their problems (for instance through teleconferencing technologies).
Physical devices for data/ information processing. Is essentially the computer equipment used to perform input, processing, output and feedback.
Data that is shaped into a meaningful manner and is used in decision-making.
A set of interrelated components (systems) that collect (inputs), process, and store, circulate and distribute (outputs) data and information and knowledge to support management in an organisation.
Hardware components, also called peripherals that transfer data and instructions into the computer's memory for processing.
Local Area Network
A network that is limited in physical area, such as an office, that cannot extend beyond the boundaries of a building.
Stores program instructions and data that are waiting to be processed in the CPU of the computer.
The geometric arrangement of different network components.
On-line/ real-time transaction processing (OLTP)
Data is processed immediately after being captured.
A set of programs controlling the computer hardware and acting as an interface with the application programs.
Involves the use of laser beams of light. Laser beams are used to read data stored on optical disks.
A formal collection of people and other resources assembled together in order to establish a set of goals.
Refers to organisational subunits and the way they relate to the overall organisation.
Hardware components that enable a computer system to communicate information to humans or other machines so that it can be used.
Converting/ transforming of data into useful outputs.
Involves translating what a user wants to accomplish into a code that the computer can understand and execute.
A standard set of rules and procedures for the control of communications in a network.
High-speed storage areas used to temporarily hold small units of program instructions and data immediately before, during and after execution by the CPU.
Telecommunication device that forwards data packets across two or more distinct networks toward their destinations, through a process known as routing.
Media that is used to store program instructions and data on a more permanent basis.
Consists of the programs for data/ information processing.
Telecommunication device that uses the physical device address in each incoming message on the network to determine to which output port it should forward the message to reach another device on the same network.
The electronic transmission of signals for communications, which enable organisations to carry out their processes and tasks through effective computer networks.
The ability to confer with a group of people simultaneously using telephone or e-mail group communication software.
Series of activities that include inbounds logistics, warehouse and storage, production, finished product storage, outbound logistics that focus on supply relationship and customer relationship.
A network that crosses metropolitan, regional or national boundaries.
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