English language: Language change processes #1
Language change processes #1
Terms in this set (11)
The deliberate creation of a new word. This is not a common process of word formation
Borrowing of words/concepts from other languages. Words are either anglicised (so that we no longer recognise them as loan words) or they may retain their original spelling or phonology.
Words are combined together to form new words. These can be open, hyphenated or solid.
Words are shortened and the shortened form becomes the norm.
A combination of clipping and compounding: words are abbreviated and joined together to form a new word.
First letters are taken from a series of words to create a new term.
The first letters from a series of words form a new term, but each letter is pronounced.
One or more free morphemes are combined with one or more bound morphemes.
Conversion or functional shift
A word shifts from one word class to another, usually from a noun to a verb.
Names of a person or company are used to define particular objects. Often they are the inventors or distributors of the object.
A verb created from an existing noun by removing a suffix.