10 terms

Government Review Chapter 11

Why did the delegates enumerate the powers of Congress? Why do you think it did not enumerate the powers of the executive and judicial branches in the same detail?
The other branches executive dealt with foreign affairs and the judicial branch dealt with deciding cases involving the law.
What issues did the delegates have to decide regarding the organization of the executive branch of government, and how did they resolve these issues?
They had to decide how to create a system of government with balanced power. The created a government of separated powers, also known as "checks and balances".
What is the Electoral College, and why did the delegates decide to create it?
A group of presidential electors who cast the official vote for president. it was created so that no existing group would have the power to select the president.
Has the checking and balancing relationship among the three branches intended by the Framers been maintained? Explain your response and support it with evidence.
Yes, it has been maintained. Each branch of government is still restrained by the other two in ways. Example: the Congress can override the President's veto.
What did the Delegates think about the Balance of power among branches of government?
They thought that the imbalance of power among different branches of government led to tyranny.
What did the delegates think about legislative power, and what questions did organizing the legislative branch raise?
They thought that the power to make laws is the greatest power a government possesses.
What did the delegates think about executive power and what questions did organizing the executive branch raise?
They thought that the executive branch needed the power to perform its responsibility to include coordination of foreign affairs and management of the treasury. They had questions: (1) Should there be more than one chief executive? (2) How long should the chief executive remain in office? (3) Should the executive be eligible for re-election?
How should presidents be selected?
- The electoral college would be organized once every four years to select a president.
- Each state selects members to the electoral college.
- Each state would have the same number electors. as they did senators and congress members.
- Each elector would vote for two people.
- The person receiving the highest number of votes would become president.
- If there was a tie, the House of Representatives would select the president.
What did the delegates think about judicial power and what questions did organizing the judicial branch raise?
They agreed that a system was needed for deciding cases that involved its laws. There was question about what kind of power they should have. There was a question about whether they should be independent of politics.
How are powers divided and shaved among the three branches?
Veto- the president shares in legislative power through the veto.
Appointments- the power to appoint executive branch officials and federal judges is shared with Congress.
Treaties- the president has the power to negotiate a treaty but it must be approved by two-thirds of the Senate.
War- only Congress has the power to declare war
Impeachment- Congress has the power to impeach the president, members of the executive branch and federal judges.
judicial review- it is assumed that the judicial branch has this power.