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Organisms such as fungi, worms, and bacteria get energy by breaking down nutrients in dead organisms.
Is the role each animal has. Sometimes different populations occupy the same area and must compete for resources like food, water, and shelter. Usually the weaker population will die and move to a new area.
When animals go through changes that make them fit in better with the environment around them.
Include all the non-living things in an ecosystem (example: light, temperature, and soil composition).
Found in areas where the temperature of the air is mild and there is plenty of rainfall.
Contains trees that lose their leaves each fall. Have animals like bears, rabbits, deer, and snakes. Plants such as ferns and mosses also grow.
Have colder temperatures and contain trees that produce seeds in cones and have leaves shaped like needles (pine trees). Animals include: finches, jays, elk, moose, beavers, and wolves.
Found in much warmer areas and have plenty of rainfall. Animals include monkeys, reptiles, parrots, and toucans.
Found in warm and temperate area that receives rainfall. They are usually flat or having rollng hills. They are sometimes called prairies, savannahs, plains, and pampas. Animals that live there include: prairie dogs, mice and bison.
Marine Ecosystems: Coral Reefs
Are found in shallow parts of the ocean where it is very warm and sunny.
Marine Ecosystems: Estuaries
Bodies of water found in areas where freshwater from rivers and streams and salt water from the ocean meet. (Shrimp, crabs, clams, reeds, grasses and turtles live here).
Marine Ecosystems: Lakes and Ponds
Freshwater ecosystems, animals include algae, cattails, snails, insects, frogs, and fish.
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