110 terms

5th Grade Reading Common Core Vocabulary

Common Core Crosswalk Coach ELA Reading vocabulary definitions
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adage
a saying that has been popularly accepted over a period of time
affix
a group of letters that is added before or after a root
alliteration
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginnings of words
antonym
a word that has the opposite meaning of another word
atlas
a book of maps
base word
a part of a longer word that can stand on its own
bibliography
a listing of the resources used for a written project
capitalization
the use of capital letters at the beginning of sentences and certain kinds of words
cause
the reason something happens
chapter
section of a book
character
any person or creature that takes part in the action of a story
climax
the point in a story at which the conflict of the story is addressed by the main characters(s)
comma (,)
a punctuation mark used in lists, with conjunctions, between clauses, after an introductory word or phrase, and to set off direct address
compare
to identify ways that multiple things are alike
conclusion
the final paragraph in an essay
conflict
the struggle or problem faced by the characters in a story
conjuction
a word that connects two or more words or sentences
context clues
words in a sentence or paragraph that help you figure out the meaning of an unfamiliar word
contrast
to identify ways that multiple things are different
definition
the literal meaning of a word
detail
a piece of information in literature, such as a name, an action, or a description
dialect
the way a person who lives in a specific geographical area might speak
dialogue
conversations that characters have with each other
dictionary
a book that lists words alphabetically, tells how to pronounce them, and gives their definitions
draft
one of the first versions of a writer's work
drama
a type of literature written to be performed onstage by actors
editing
correcting and changing a text in order to improve it
effect
a result of a cuase
encyclopedia
a book or set of books that gives facts about many topics
example
a piece of information that deomonstrates or illustrates a more broad word or concept
exclamation point (!)
punctuation used to show excitement or emotion, placed at the end of a sentence
exposition
introduces the reader to the characters and the setting early in a story
fact
something that can be proven to be true
fiction
a work of literature, such as a story or a novel, that is made-up
figurative language
descriptive language that is not used literally and creates an image in the reader's mind
first person
a way of telling a story from the point of view of "I" or "we"
future perfect
a form of the perfect tense made by combining the future tense of "to have" with the past tense form of a verb
future tense
a form of a verb that describes actions that have not happened yet
generalization
a broad statement based on specific facts and examples
graphic organizer
a tool that helps to organize ideas and can be used to visually illustrate ideas
homographs
two words that look alike but have different meanings
idiom
a kind of figurative language that would not make sense if taken literally
independent clause
a phrase that has a subject and verb and can stand alone as its own sentence
inference
an educated guess about a passsage based on details in the passage, prior knowledge, and common sense
informational writing
writing that tells the reader about something, gives facts, or explains something
interjection
a word or phrase that shows strong feeling
introduction
the opening section or paragraph of an essay or a report
lines
words spoken by the actors in a drama
main idea
what the passage is mostly about
metaphor
figurative language that makes a direct comparison between two things or ideas
motivation
the reason a character does a certain thing or acts a certain way
multiple-meaning words
words that are spelled the same but have more than one meaning
narrative writing
writing that tells a story
narrator
the character who tells a story
online directory
an Internet reference that gives a list of Internet sites related to a topic
opinion
a statement that cannot be proven. It communicates someone's feeling or judgment.
outline
the plan for an essay or report in list form
paragraph
a group of sentences that supports or explains one main idea
past perfect
a form of the perfect tense made by combining the past tense of "to have" with the past tense of a verb
past tense
a form of a verb used to describe actions that have already happened
perfect tense
a form of a verb used to describe actions that have already been completed
period (.)
a punctuation mark used to end a sentence that is a statement or command
periodical
a publication, such as a newspaper, magazine, or brochure, that is released daily, weekly, monthly, or yearly
persuasive writing
writing that tries to convince readers to do something or think a certain way
plot
the events that happen in a story
poetry
writing broken into lines or stanzas, often with rhyme and rhythm
point of view
the position from which a story is told; also the attitude or perspective of the author
prefix
a group of letters added to the beginning of a root word
preposition
a word that links objects (generally nouns or pronouns) to other words in a sentence
prepositional phrase
a phrase containing a preposition and an object
present perfect
a form of the perfect tense made by combining the present tense of "to have" with the past participle of a verb
present tense
a form of a verb used to describe actions or events happening currently
prior knowledge
knowledge you have before you read a text, which is used to make inferences about the text
proofreading
the process of reading your writing and looking for errors in grammar, spelling, and structure
proper noun
a capitalized word that names a particular person, place, or thing
proverb
a simple and concrete saying popularly known and repeated
punctuation
marks that tell the reader when to pause, when a sentence ends, or what kind of sentence he or she is reading
quotation marks (" ")
punctuation marks used around direct dialogue and certain titles
reference materials
books or Web sites that contain particular kinds of information
relevant evidence
information in a piece of persuasive writing that is related to its issue and supports its position
research
the use of sources, such as books, newspapers, and the Internet, to find information
resolution
the part of the story when the problems are solved and the story ends
resource
any material that will help a writer find information
restatement
when used as a context clue, a statement that sums up an idea
revise
to make corrections and changes in a draft
root
the most basic part of a word, often from Latin or Greek
root word
the basic word part that another word is made of, when an affix is added
run-on sentence
a long sentence that expresses two complete thoughts and should really be two sentences
sentence fragment
a sentence that is missing a subject or a predicate and does not express a complete thought
sequence
the order in which things happen in a text
setting
the location and time in which a story takes place
simile
figurative language that compares two things using "like" or "as"
simple sentence
a sentence with one subject and at least one predicate
spelling
using the correct arrangement of letters when writing a word
stanza
a group of lines in a poem
suffix
letters added to the end of a root word that change the meaning of the word
supporting details
information that helps to prove or describe the main idea
syllable
the smallest unit of sound in a word that contains at least a vowel or a vowel and consonant
synonym
a word that means the same or almost the same as another word
tense
the form of a verb that tells you when the action takes place
theme
the central idea or meaning of a story
third person
a way of telling a story from the point of view of someone who is not involved in the story
third-person limited
a point of view in which "he" and "she" are used, and readers learn little about all characters' thoughts
third-person omniscient
a point of view in which "he" and "she" are used, and readers learn much about all characters' thoughts
topic sentence
a sentence that tells the main idea of a paragraph
trait
a quality that is part of a character's personality
transition
a word that helps writing flow from one idea to the next
verb
a word that expresses action, a relationship between two things, or a state of being
verse
a line of a poem or song
vocabulary
words an author chooses when writing