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Medical Terminology Chapter 10: Cardiovascular, Immune, Lymphiatic Systems, and Blood

Western Michigan University MDSC 2010 Nicole Bradford
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The middle, thick, muscular layer of the heart is called:
Myocardium
The external layer of the pericardial sac is called:
Fibrous pericardium
The largest artery in the body, which originates at the left ventricle and descends through the thorax and abdomen, is called the:
Aorta
The capillaries are the:
Microscopic blood vessels
Platelets are also called:
Thrombocytes
The ___ in the blood are measured by conducting an RBC count.
Erythrocytes
The medical term meaning "small spherical bodies made up of lymphoid tissue that act as filters keeping substances such as bacteria from the blood" is:
lymph nodes
The largest lymphatic organ, which is located in the left side of the abdominal cavity between the stomach and the diaphragm, is called the:
Spleen
The combining form meaning vein is:
Phleb/o
The combining form ventricul/o means:
Ventricle
Together the bicuspid and tricuspid valves are referred to as the ___ valves.
Atrioventricular
The word part that completes the medical term meaning deficiency of blood (flow), ______/emia, is:
Isch
The word part that completes the medical term meaning record of the heart (structure and motion) made with sound, _______/o/cardi/o/gram, is:
Ech
The word part that completes the medical term meaning removal of plasma (from withdrawn blood), plasm/______________, is:
-apheresis
Dissolution of RBCs
Hemolysis
In the medical term splenomegaly, the word root means:
Spleen
In the medical term pancytopenia, the suffix means:
abnormal reduction in number
In the medical term lymphoma, the word root means:
Lymph, Lymph node
A clear, colorless tissue fluid carrying lymphocytes and monocytes to the heart.
Lymph
In the medical term tachycardia, the prefix means:
Fast, rapid
The medical term that means inflammation of the muscles of the heart is:
Myocarditis
A patient diagnosed with valvulitis has inflammation of the:
Valves of the heart
The meaning of the medical term polyarteritis is inflammation of:
Many sites in the arteries
The medical term that means inflammation of a vein is:
Phlebitis
hardening of fatty plaque (deposited on the arterial wall)
Athlerosclerosis
Disease of the heart muscle
Cardiomyopathy
Enlargement of the spleen
Splenomegaly
ballooning of a weakened portion of an arterial wall
Aneurysm
When Patient U's red blood cell count plummets, the diagnosis in his medical report is:
Anemia
A clinic determines that a patient's bloodstream has been invaded by pathogenic organisms, causing overwhelming infection in the bloodstream and a systemic inflammatory response. This indicates that the patient has:
Sepsis
The medical term referring to an inherited bleeding disease most commonly caused by a deficiency of the coagulation factor VIII is:
Hemophilia
An apparatus implanted under the skin to regulate heartbeat
Cardiac pacemaker
acute compression of the heart caused by accumulation of fluid
Cardiac tamponade
The medical term that refers to a narrowing of the bicuspid valve from scarring, usually caused by episodes of rheumatic fever, is:
mitral valve stenosis
A patient undergoes the surgical removal of a vein in a procedure called:
Phlebectomy
A patient undergoes pericardiocentesis; from the word parts we know that this procedure involves surgical ___ of the pericardium.
Puncture
malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abnormal white blood cells
Leukemia
The medical term that refers to a blood clot or foreign material, such as air or fat, which enters the blood stream and moves until it lodges at some other point in circulation is:
Embolus
The medical term meaning distended or tortuous veins usually found in the lower extremities is:
Varicose Veins
A malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abnormal white blood cells
Hodgkin Disease
The blood vessel that carries carbon dioxide and other waste products from the heart to the lungs is the:
Pulmonary Artery
Application of an electric shock to the myocardium through the chest wall
Defibrillation
The three major types of blood vessels in the body are _____, _____, and _____.
Arteries,veins, capillaries
Dissolve blood clots in the coronary artery
thrombolytic therapy
The medical term for the visual examination of the lumen of a blood vessel is:
Angioscopy
Radiographic imaging of a vein (after injection of a contrast medium)
Venography
Needle puncture to remove bone marrow for study
Bone Marrow Biopsy
A blood test that determines the time required for blood to clot is the:
Coagulation Time
Patient Z is administered an anticoagulant, which is used to:
Slow Blood Clotting
The medical term referring to a device used for measuring blood pressure is:
sphygmomanometer
Formation of blood cells
Hemopoisis
Hypersensitivity to a substance, resulting in an inflammatory response
Allergy
The medical term referring to blood pressure that is below normal is:
Hypotension
A defect in the semilunar valves would involve the:
Pulmonary and aortic valves
a phase in the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles contract
Systole
The medical term referring to the liquid portion of the blood without the clotting factors is:
Serum