Milady Chapter 6 -- Anatomy & Physiology

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Cell Membrane___ is the cell part that encloses the protoplasm and permits soluble substance to enter and leave the cell.Mitosis___ is the usual process of cell reproduction of tissues that occurs when the cell divides into two identical cells.Daughter CellsWhat is the name of the two identical cells that is produced during mitosis?Tissue___ is a collection of similar cells that work together to perform a particular function.WaterTissues are composed of large amounts of ___.Connective, Epithelial, Muscle, Lymphatic, NerveName the 5 types of tissues.Connective___ tissue is a fibrous tissue that binds together, protects, and supports the various parts of the body.Ligaments___ is an example of connective tissue.Adipose___ tissue is a technical term for fat and gives smoothness and contour to the body while protecting internal organs and insulating the body.Epithelial___ tissue is a protective covering on the body surfaces, such as skin.Muscle___ tissue contracts and moves various parts of the body.Nerve___ tissue carries messages to and from the brain and controls and coordinates all bodily functions.NeuronsNerve tissue is composed of special cells known as ___ that make up the nerves, brain and spinal cord.Organs___ are structures composed of specialized tissues designed to perform specific functions in plants and animals.Body Systems___ is a group of body organs acting together to perform one or more functions.Circulatory___ system controls movement of blood throughout the body and includes the heat and blood vessels.Digestive___ system breaks down food into nutrients or waste for nutrition and excretion and includes the stomach and intestines.Endocrine___ system controls hormone levels within the body that determine growth, development, sexual function and health of the entire body and includes endocrine glands and hormones.Excretory___ system eliminates waste from the body reducing build up of toxins and includes the kidneys, liver, skin, large intestines and lungs.Integumentary___ system provides protective covering and regulates body temperature and includes skin, oil/sweat glands, hair and nails.Immune/Lymphatic___ system protects the body from disease by developing immunities and destroying pathogens and toxins and includes lymph nodes, thymus gland and spleen.Muscular___ system covers, shapes and holds the skeletal in place. The muscles contract to allow for movement of body structures and include connective tissues.Nervous___ system coordinates all other body systems allowing them to work efficiently and react to the environment and includes the brain, spinal cord, nerves and eyes.Reproductive___ produces offspring and allows for transfer of genetic material and differentiates between the sexes and includes ovaries, uterus, testes, prostate and penis.Respiratory___ system makes blood and oxygen available to body structures through respiration and eliminates carbon dioxide and includes lungs and air passages.Skeletal___ system forms the physical foundation of the body and consists of 206 bones that are connected by moveable and immoveable joints.I'm Dr Screen LWhat is the acronym for the list of body system.Bone___ is the hardest tissue in the body and consists of 1/3 organic matter and 2/3 minerals.Joint___ is the connection between two or more bones of the skeleton.Moveable and ImmoveableName 2 types of joints.230You have over ___ moveable and semi-moveable joints in your body.300You are born with ___ bones in your body that as you grow fuse together to make 206 bones total.Moveable___ joints include the elbow, knees, and hips.Immoveable___ joints are found in the pelvis and skull.SkullThe ___ is the skeleton of the head.Cranium and Facial SkeletonName the two parts of the skullCraniumThe ___ is an oval, bony case that protects the brain.Facial Skeleton___ is the framework of the face that is composed of 14 bones.Occipital, Parietal, Frontal, Temporal, Ethmoid, SphenoidName the 8 bones of the cranium.OccipitalThe ___ bone is the hindmost bone of the skull, below the parietal bone and forms the back of the skull above the nape.ParietalThe ___ bones (2) form the sides and top of the cranium.FrontalThe ___ bone forms the forehead.TemporalThe ___ bones (2) form the sides of the head in the ear region.EthmoidThe ___ bone is the light spongy bone between the eye sockets and forms part of the nasal cavities.SphenoidThe ___ bone joins all the bones of the cranium together.Ethmoid & SphenoidWhat two bones of the face are not affected when performing services or giving a massage.14How many bones are in the face?Nasal, Lacrimal, Zygomatic, Maxillae, and MandibleName the bones of the face.NasalThe ___ bones (2) form the bridge of the nose.LacrimalThe ___ bones (2) are small, thin bones located at the front inner wall of the orbits.ZygomaticThe ___ bones (2) are the cheekbones and are the bones that form the prominence of the cheeks.MaxillaeThe ___ bones (2) are the bones of the upper jaw.Mandible___ bone is the lower jawbone and is the largest and strongest bone in the face.Hyoid and Cervical vertebrae (7)What are the bones of the neck?HyoidThe ___ bone is the U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue that supports the tongue and its muscles and is the only bone of the throat.Cervical VertebraeThe ___ consists of 7 bones of the top part of the vertebral column, located in the neck region.Thorax, Ribs, Scapula, Sternum and ClavicleName the bones of the trunk, torso, shoulder and back.ThoraxThe ___ consists of the sternum, ribs, and thoracic vertebrae and is an elastic, bony cage that serves as a protective framework for the heart, lungs and internal organs.12How many pairs of ribs does the human body contain?Ribs___ consists of 12 pairs of bones forming the wall of the thorax.ScapulaThe ___ also called the shoulder blade, is the large flat triangular bone of the shoulder.SternumThe ___ also called the breast bone, is the flat bone that forms the ventral (front) support of the ribs.ClavicleThe ___ also known as the collar bone, is the bone that joins the sternum and scapula.Humerus, Ulna, Radius, Carpus, Metacarpus, PhalangesName the bones of the arms and hands.Humerus___ is the uppermost and largest bone in the arm and extends from the elbow to the shoulder.Ulna___ is the inner and larger bone in the forearm and attaches the elbow and wrist and is located on the side of the little finger.Radius___ is the smaller bone in the forearm on the same side as the thumb.Carpus___ also known as the wrist, is the flexible joint composed of a group of small, irregular bones held together by ligaments.8How many bones are found in the wrist/carpus?CarpalsWhat are the irregular bones found in the wrist called?Metacarpus___ are the bones of the palm of the hand and contains 5 bones between the carpus and phalanges.Phalanges___ also known as digits, are the bones of the fingers and toes.3How many phalanges are in each finger and toe?2How many phalanges are in each thumb and large toe?26The foot is made up of ___ bones.Femur, Tibia, Fibula, PatellaName the bones of the leg.FemurThe ___ is the heavy, long bone that forms the leg above the knee.TibiaThe ___ is the larger of the two bones that form the leg below the knee and is located on the big-toe side of the ankle.FibulaThe ___ is the smaller of the two bones that form the leg below the knee and is located on the little toe side of the ankle.PatellaThe ___ bone, also known as the kneecap and forms the joint in the leg.Tibia, Fibula, TalusName the three bones of the ankle.TalusThe ___ is the third bone of the ankle joint and is known as the ankle bone.CalcaneusThe ___ is also known as the heel.Tarsal, Metatarsal, and PhalangesName the bones of the foot.Tarsal___ bones of the foot includes the talus, calcaneus, navicular, cuneiform and cuboid.7How many tarsal bones are located in the foot?3How many cuneiform bones are in the foot?5How many metatarsal bones are in the foot?Metatarsal___ are long, slender bones located in the foot.Muscles___ are fibrous tissues that have the ability to stretch and contract according to demands of the body's movements.Origin, Belly, and InsertionName the 3 parts of the muscle.Origin___ is the part of the muscle that does not move and is attached closest to the skeleton.Belly___ is the middle part of the muscle.Insertion___ is the part of the muscle that moves and is farthest from the skeleton.Histology___ is the study of tiny, microscopic structures.Metabolism___ is the chemical process taking place in living organisms whereby the cells are nourished and carry out their activities.Anabolism___ is constructive metabolism that builds up molecules.Catabolism___ is the phase of metabolism that involves the breaking down of compounds and releases energy.Brain, Eyes, Heart, Kidneys, Lungs, Liver, Skin, Stomach IntestinesName the 9 organs found in the human body.Os___ means bonesCosme___ means hair, skin, and nails.National Association of Cosmetologist Arts and ScienceWhat does NACAS stand for?InflammationJoint pain is usually caused by ___ of surrounding tissue.Insertion, Belly, OriginCosmetologist massage from ____ to ____ through the muscle.Striated___ muscles are skeletal muscles that are voluntary, and are consciously controlled.Non-striated___ muscles are smooth muscles that are involuntary functions and are automatic.Cardiac___ muscle is an involuntary muscle that consists of the heart.Epicranius, Occipitalis, Frontalis, Epicranial AponerurosisName the 4 muscles of the scalp.Epicranius___ is the muscle that covers the top of the skull and consists of the occipitails and frontalis muscle.Occipitalis___ is the muscle that is located in the back (posterior) portion of the epicranius and draws the scalp backward.Frontalis___ is the front (anterior) portion of the epicranius.Epicrancial Aponerurosis___ is the tendon that connects the occipitalis and frontalis muscles.Au___ means ear.Superior, Anterior, PosteriorThe 3 muscles of the ear include the Auricularis ____.Mastication___ is the chewing muscles.Masseter and TemporalisName the two main muscles of mastication.MasseterThe ___ muscle wraps around the curve of the jaw up toward the cheekbone.TemporalisThe ___ muscle comes down from the temoral bone and coordinates the opening and closing of the mouth.PterygoidThe ___ muscle assists the opening and closing, bringing the jaw forward and backward with the temporalis muscle.Platysma and SternocleidomastoideusName the two muscles of the neck.Sternocleidomastoideus___ is the muscle of the neck and allows it to rotate back and forth like a steering wheel.Orbicularis Oculi and CorrugatorName the two muscles of the eyebrow.Orbicularis OculiThe __ muscle is the orbit that circles around the eye socket and enables you to close your eyes.CorrugatorThe ___ muscle wrinkles the forehead and is located beneath the frontalis and orbicularis oculi muscles.ProcerusThe ___ muscle covers the bridge of the nose, lowers the eyebrows and causes wrinkles across the bridge of the nose.BuccinatorThe ___ muscle in the cheek between upper and lower jaw. (blow air)Depressor Labii InferiorisThe ___ or quadratus labii inferiors, moves the lower lip.LipLabii means ___.DownDepressor means ___.BelowInferior means ___.Levator anguli oris___ muscle or caninus muscle, raises the angle of the mouth and draws it inward.UpLevator means ___.AngleAnguli means ___.MouthOris means ___.MentalisThe ___ muscle (chin) elevates the lower lip, raises and wrinkle the skin of the chin.Orbi cularis orisThe ___ muscle is around the mouth and is a flat band of muscle around the upper and lower lips that compresses, contracts, pukers and wrinkles the lips.RisoriusThe ___ muscle is the (grinning rhino) muscle of the mouth that draws corner of the mouth out and back to grin.TriangularisThe ___ muscle is the muscle extending along side the chin that pulls down the corner of the mouth as in frowning.Zygomaticus MajorThe ___ muscles pull the mouth upward and backward when laughing and runs from the zygomatic bone to the angle of the month.Zygomaticus MinorThe ___ muscle is on both sides of face from zygomatic bone to upper lips and pulls the upper lip backward, upward and outward as in smiling.Latissimus Dorsi___ muscle is a large flat triangular muscle covering the lower back and raises the arms up and rotates them in a circle.Pectoralis Major & Minor___ muscles are muscles of the chest and assists the swinging movements of the arm.Serratus Anterior___ muscles of the chest assists in breathing (CPAP machine).Trapezius___ muscle covers the back of the neck and upper and middle region of the back and rotates and controls swinging of the arm (circus-trapez swing).Bicep___ muscle contours of the front and inner side of upper arm and lifts the forearm and flexes the elbow.Deltoid___ muscle is a large triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint that allows the arm to extend outward and to the side of the body (Delta plane wings).Tricep___ muscle covers the entire back of the upper arm and extends the forearm.Extensors___ muscle straighten the wrist, hand, fingers and extends the hand out straight.Flexor___ muscles of the wrist in flexing the wrist (flexes your arm muscles)Pronator___ muscle turns the hand inward and turns the hand palm down.Supinator___ muscle is in the forearm that rotates the radius outward and turns the palm upward.Epic___ means large covers allSuperior___ means upAnterior___ means in front ofPost___ means behindAbd___ means seperateAdd___ means brings togetherExtensor Digitorum Longus___ muscle bends the foot up and extends toes.Extensor Hallucis Longus___ muscles extends the big toe and flexes foot and extends the big toe upward.TIbialis Anterior___ covers the front of the skin and bends foot upward and inward.Peroneus Longus___ covers the outer side of the calf and inverts the foot and turns it outward.Peroneus Brevis___ muscle originates on the lower surface of fibula and bends the foot down and out.Gastrocnemius___ or calf muscle, attacheds to the lower rear surface of the heel and pulls the foot down.Flexor Digitiminimi___ muscles moves the little toesMinimi___ means little or tiny.Flexor Digitorum Brevis____ helps with balance and flexes the toes and helps while walking or standing.Abductor Hallucis___ muscle moves the bit toe away from the other toes.Abductor Digiti minimi___ muscle separates the fingers and toes. SNervous SystemWhat system is composed of the brain, spinal cord and nerves?Neurology___ is the scientific study of the structure, function and pathology of the nervous system.CNS, PNS, ANSName the 3 parts of the nervous system.Central Nervous System____, or the control center, consists of the brain, spinal cord and cranial nerves. It controls consciousness, functions of the 5 senses, voluntary muscle action and facial expressions.Peripheral Nervous System___ connects the outer parts of the body to the CNS, has both sensory and motor nerves and its function is to carry impulses to and from the CNS.Autonomic Nervous System___ controls involuntary muscles, regulates action of smooth muscles, glands, blood vessels, heart and breathing.BrainThe ___ is the part of the central nervous system contained in the cranium and is the largest and most complex organization of nerve tissue.3 poundsThe brain weighs a little less than ___.Spinal CordThe ___ is the portion of the CNS that originates in the brain and extends down to the lower extremity of the trunk.31 pairsThere are ___ of spinal nerves extending from the spinal cord.Nerves___ are whitish cords made up of bundles of nerve fibers, held together by connective tissue, through which impulses.100 billionThere are over ____ nerve cells in the body.Sensory and MotorName 2 types of nerves.Sensory___ or afferent nerves, are sensory organs to the brain and have endings called receptors and are located close to the surface of the skin.Motor___ or efferent nerves send brain to the muscle or glands to produce movement.Reflex___ is an automatic reaction to a stimulus.Dendrites___ are tree like branching of nerve fibers extending from a nerve cell and are fibers that carry impulses toward cells.Axon___ is the process of a neuron by which impulses are sent away from the body of the cells.Fifth Cranial___ nerve is also known as trifacial or trigeminal nerve.OphthalmicThe ___ nerve controls the forehead, upper eyelids, orbit and eyeball.MandibularThe ___ nerve controls the chin, lower lip and enternal ear.MaxillaryThe ___ nerve controls the upper part of the face.AuriculotemporalThe ___ nerve controls the external ear and skin above the temple.InfraorbitalThe ___ nerve controls the lower eyelid, side of nose, upper lip and mouth.InfratrochlearThe ___ nerve controls the membrane and skin of the nose.MetalThe ___ nerve controls the skin of the lower lip and chin.NasalThe ___ nerve points and lowers the side of the nose.SupraorbitalThe ___ nerve controls the skin of the forehead, scalp, eyebrows and eyelids.SupratrochlearThe ___ nerve controls the skin between the eyes and upper side of the nose.ZygomaticThe ___ nerve controls muscles of the upper part of the cheek.Seventh cranialThe ___ nerve, or facial nerve, is the chief motor nerve of the face and controls all facial expressions.Posterior AuricularThe ___ nerve controls muscles behind the ear at the base of the skill.TemporalThe ___ nerve controls the muscles of the temple, side of forehead, eyebrow, eyelid, and upper part of the cheek.BuccalThe ___ nerve controls the muscles of the mouth.Marginal MandibularThe ___ nerve controls the muscles of the chin and lower lip.CervicalThe ___ nerves controls the sides of the neck and platysma muscle.Greater OccipitalThe ___ nerve controls the scalp up to the top of the head.Smaller OccipitalThe ___ nerve, also called the lesser occipital nerve, is at the base of the skull and affects the scalp and muscles behind the ear.Greater AuricularThe ___ nerve is on the side of the neck and affects the face, ears, neck, and parotid gland.Cervical CutaneousThe ___ nerve is on the side of the neck and affects the front and sides of the neck down to the breastbone.Eleventh CranialThe ___ nerve, also called the accessory nerve, controls the motion of the neck and shoulder muscles and is affected during facials and massages.Neuron or Nerve CellAxonDendritesMy___ means muscles.Myology___ means the study of muscles.Orbi___ means round eyes or mouth.Oculi___ means eye.Labii___ means lips.Levator___ means up or top.Anguli___ means angleOris___ means mouthPeripheral___ means the outer partMargin___ means to be part ofCutaneous___ means skin.Digital Nerve___ supplies impulses to the fingers.Radial Nerve___ supplies the thumb side of the arm and back of the hand.Median Nerve___ supplies the arm and hand and is located in the middle of the arm.Ulnar Nerve___ affects the little finger side of the arm and palm of the hand.Sciatic Nerve___ is the largest and longest nerve in the body and is located in the gluteal region into the thigh and branches.Tibial Nerve___ passes behind the knee and supplies impulses to the knee, muscles of calf, skin of the leg, and the sole, heel and toes.Common Peroneal Nerve___ divides the sciatic nerve, extends behind the knee to the fibula to the front of the leg.Deep Peroneal Nerve___ also called anterior tibial nerve extends down the front of the leg and supplies impulses to muscles and also to the skin to the top of the foot.Superficial Peroneal Nerve___ also called musculocutaneous nerve extends down the leg, under the skin, and supplies impulses to the skin of the leg, toes and top of foot.Dorsal Nerve___ also called dorsal cutaneous nerve, supplies impulses to the toes and foot.Saphenous Nerve___ supplies impulses to the skin of the inner side of the leg and foot and begins in the thigh.Sural Nerve___ supplies impulses to the skin on the outer side and back of the foot and leg.Circulatory System____ or Cardiovascular System controls the steady circulation of the blood through the body by means of the heart and blood vessels.CapillariesThe Circulatory System consists of the following organs: heart, arteries, veins and ___.HeartThe ___ is a muscular, cone-shaped organ that keeps the blood moving within the circulatory system.Pulmonary and Systemic_____ are the two parts of the circulation system.Pulmonary___ circulation takes deoxygenated blood to the lungs for oxygenation and waste removal and then returns that blood to the left atrium of the hear.Systemic___ also known as general circulation carries oxygen rich blood from the heart throughout the body and returns deoxygenated blood back to the heart.Blood vessels___ are tube-like structures that include the arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules and veins.Arteries___ are thick walled, muscular, flexible tubes that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the arterioles.Aorta___ is the largest artery of the body.Arterioles___ are small arteries that deliver blood to capillaries.Capillaries___ are tiny, thin walled blood vessels that connect the smaller arteries to venules.Venules___ are small vessels that connect the capillaries to the veins.Veins___ are thin walled blood vessels that are less elastic than arties.Blood___ is a nutritive fluid circulating through the circulatory system to supply oxygen and nutrients to cells and tissues and to remove carbon dioxide and waste from them.8-10 pintsThere are approximately ____ of blood in the body.80%Blood is ___ water.60,000Adults have over ___ miles of vessels in their bodies.Common Carotid Arteries___ are main arteries that supply blood to the head, face and neck. They are located on both sides of the neck and are divided into internal and external branches.Internal Carotid Artery___ supplies blood to the brain, eyes, eyelids, forehead, nose and internal ear.External Carotid Artery___ supplies blood to the anterior (front) parts of the scalp, ear, face, neck and sides of the head.Supraorbital and InfraorbitalName two branches of the Internal Carotid Artery.Supraorbital___ artery supplies blood to the upper eyelid and forehead.Infraorbital___ artery blood to the muscles of the eye.Facial, Superficial Temporal, Occipital, Posterior Auricular___ are the four branches of the external carotid artery.Facial___ artery also called the external maxillary artery supplies blood to the lower region of the face, mouth and nose.Submental, Inferior labial, Angular, Superior labialName four branches of the facial artery.Submental___ artery supplies blood to the chin and lower lip.Inferior Labial___ supplies blood to the lower lip.Angular___ supplies blood to the side of the nose.Superior Labial___ supplies blood to the upper lip and region of the nose.Superficial Temporal___ artery supplies blood to the muscles of the front, side and top of the head.Frontal, Parietal, Transverse, Middle temporal, Anterior AuricularName 5 of the Superficial Temporal Artery branches.Frontal____ artery supplies blood to the forehead and upper eyelids.Parietal____ artery supplies blood to the side and crown of the head.Transverse Facial___ artery supplies blood to the skin and masseter muscle.Middle Temporal____ supplies blood to the temples.Anterior Auricular___ artery supplies blood to the front part of the ear.Occipital artery____ supplies blood to the skin and muscles of the scalp and back of the head up to the crown.Posterior Auricular____ artery supplies blood to the scalp, the area behind and above the ear, and the skin behind the ear.Internal Jugular Vein___ is located at the side of the neck to collect blood from the brain and parts of the face and neck.External Jugular Vein___ is located at the side of the neck and carried blood returning to the heart from the head, face and neck.Ulnar Artery___ supplies blood to the little finger side of the arm and palm.Radial Artery___ supplies blood to the thumb side of the arm and the back of the hand and to the muscles of the skin, hands, fingers, wrist, elbow and forearm.Popliteal Artery___ supplies blood to the foot, divides into the anterior tibial and posterior tibial arteries.Anterior Tibial Artery___ supplies blood to the lower leg muscles and to the muscles and skin on the top of the foot and adjacent sides of the first and second toes.Posterior Tibial Artery___ supplies blood to the ankle and the back of the lower leg.Doralis Pedis Artery___ supplies blood to the foot.Lymphatic___ also called the Immune System is made up of lymph, nodes, thymus gland, spleen and vessels and carries waste and impurities away from the cells and protects the body from disease.Lymph___ is a clear fluid that circulates in the lymph space of the body.Lymph capillaries___ are blind end tubes that are the origin of lymphatic vessels.Lymph nodes___ are gland like structures found inside the lymphatic vessels.Integumentary___ system consists of the skin and its accessory organs, such as the oil and sweat glands, sensory receptors, hair and nails.Integument___ means to have a natural covering.Water resistantSkin is also _____.Endocrine___ system is a group of specialized glands that affect the growth, development, sexual functions, and health of the entire body.Glands___ are secretory organs that remove and release certain elements from the blood to covert them to new compounds.Endocrine Gland___ also known as ductless glands include thyroid and pituitary glands that release hormonal secretions directly into the blood stream.Exocrine Gland___ also known as duct glands include sweat and oil glands of the skin that produce a substance that travels through small tube like ducts.Hormones___ are secretions, such as insulin, adrenaline, and estrogen that stimulate functional activity or other secretions in the body.Pineal___ gland plays a major role in sexual development, sleep and metabolism.Pituitary___ gland affects every physiologic process of the body including growth, BP, childbirth, sexual organ functions, thyroid gland function and conversion of food into energy.Thyroid gland___ controls how quickly the body burns energy, makes proteins, and how sensitive the body should be to other hormones.Reproductive___ system is responsible for producing offspring and passing on the genetic code from generation to another and producing estrogen and testosterone.1/3 animal matterBone is composed mainly of calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate and ___.Voluntary or StriatedMuscles controlled by the will are called ___.Eyebrow lineThe corrugator extends along the ____.NoseThe procerus is a muscle of the ____.Upper lipThe quadratus labra superioris is the muscle that raises the ____.TrapeziusThe muscle that rotates the should blades and controls the swinging movements of the are is the ___.Rotates the headThe sternocleidomastoid muscle ____.SupinatorThe muscle responsible for turning the hand outward and palm upward is the ___.Brain to the musclesThe motor nerves carry nerve impulses from the ____.Cerebrospinal SystemThe main divisions of the nervous system are the autonomic system, the peripheral system and the ____.11th Cranial NerveThe muscles of the neck and back are affected by the ___.Supraorbital NerveThe skin of the forehead and eyebrows is affected by the ___.Mental NerveThe skin of the lower lip and chin is affected by the ___.Infraorbial NerveThe skin of the upper lip and side of the nose is affected by the ___.AtriaThe upper heart chambers are called ____.ArteriesVessels that carry blood away from the heart are called ____.Red CorpusclesBlood cells carrying oxygen to the body cells are called ____.Superior labial ArteryBlood reaches the wind of the nose through the ___.External Maxillary ArteryBlood is supplied to the lower region of the face by the ___.Crown and side of the headThe parietal artery supplies blood to ___.RibosomesNucleolusNucleusMitochondrionParietal BoneFrontal BoneOccipital BoneTemporal BoneSphenoid BoneEthmoid BoneLacrimal BoneNasal BoneZygomatic BoneMaxillaMandibleClavicleHyoidSternumHumerusRadiusUlnaPhalangesMetacarpusCarpusFemurPatellaTibiaFibulaTalusTarsalsNavicularCuneiformsCalcaneusMetatarsalsFrontalisEpicraniusEpicranial AponeurosisTemporalisOccipitalisOrbicularis OculiAuricularis SuperiorAuricularis AnteriorBuccinatorOrbicularis OrisPlatysmaAuricularis PosteriorMasseterSternocleidomastoideusTrapeziusCorrugatorProcerusLevator labii superiorisNasalisZygomaticus MinorZygomaticus MajorDepressor labii inferiorisDepressor anguli orisMentalisLevator Anguli orisRisoriusTrapeziusLatissimus DorsiPectoralis MajorSerratus AnteriorDeltoidPectoralis MajorBicepPronatorSupinatorFlexorTricepExtensorFlexor Pollicic LongusAdductorAbductorPeroneus LongusPeroneus BrevisExtensor Hallucis LongusGastrocnemiusTibialis AnteriorSoleusFlexor Digiti minimiAbductor digiti minimiFlexor Digitorum BrevisAbductor HallucisFifth Cranial NerveSeventh Cranial NerveEleventh Cranial NerveOphthalmic NerveMaxillary NerveTibial NerveSural NerveSciatic NerveSuperficial Peroneal nerveSaphenous NerveDorsal nervePoplitealPopliteral artery