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A _____ is made up of three parts: a deoxyribose molecule, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base.
The principle of _______ states that hydrogen bonds can form only between certain bases in DNA.
Genetic information is altered when changes in the DNA sequence, called _________ occur.
The steps of the transformation of bacteria are:
1) Isolate gene of interest 2) Use a restriction enzyme 3) Open up the plasmid with the restriction enzyme 4) Insert the plasmid into the bacteria
The intentional breeding of organisms with desirable trait in an attempt to produce offspring with similar desirable characteristics or with improved traits
The mating of two closely related persons. Also called consanguinity. The act of mating closely related individuals.The mating of organisms between relatives, which usually decreases heterozygosity in the gene pool and done by selective breeders to produce hybrids
Hershey and Chase tried to see if______.
It was the DNA in a virus (a bacteriophage) or the virus' protein coat that entered the bacteria and destroyed it. They found that the protein contained no phosphorus and the DNA contained no sulfur. The DNA did contain phosphorus though, and when the virus was injected into the bacteria, all the radioactivity was phosphorus.
Griffith's experiment was to see___________:
How bacteria make people sick: He discovered smooth colonies (diseased) and rough colonies (harmless) and discovered the idea of transformation
Avery's experiment took Griffiths one step forward by ______.
Finding that DNA stores and transmits information to the other bacteria colonies
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