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78 terms

med terms

chapters 1, 2, 3, 4
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abdomen
space below the chest; contains organs
cartilage
flexible connective tissue attached to bones and joints
chromosome
rod like structures within the nucleus
diaphragm
muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities
sagittal
lengthwise, vertical plane, dividing the body into left and right
larynx
voice box; located at the upper part of the trachea
cervical
neck region of the back; pertaining to the neck region
chondroma
begin tumor or tumor-like growth of mature hyaline cartilage
nucleus
controls operations of cells; contains chromosomes and directs activities
trachea
windpipe
viscera
internal organ
sarcoma
malignant tumors of the connective tissue, muscle or bone
thoracic
space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes; chest region
supine
lying on the back
abdominal
pertaining to the abdomen
karyotype
photo of individuals chromosomes, arranged by size, shape and number
pleura
double layered membrane surrounding each lung
mediastinum
centrally located space between the lungs
epithelial
pertaining to a type of cell or tissue that forms the skin and mucous membrane of the body
pituitary
small endocrine gland attached to the base of the brain; the "master" gland
abduction
to move away from the midline
adrenal
pertain ing to the adrenal gland; sits atop the kidney
anoxia
absence of oxygen supply to an organ
antitoxin
a protein that defends the body against toxins
benign
non malignant; not cancerous
bradycardia
slow heart rate
contralateral
pertaining to the opposite side
endotracheal
pertaining to within or through the trachea
euphoria
a feeling of well being; elation; emotion
hemiglossectomy
surgical removal of half the tounge
hypodermic
pertaining to being applied to below the skin
infracostal
pertaining to below the ribs
intercostal
pertaining to being between two ribs
neoplasm
new growth
pancytopenia
pronounced reduction of all the formed elements of the blood
parathyroid
adjacent to the thyroid gland; secretes a hormone that regulates calcium levels in the body; four endrocrine glands on the neck area
periosteum
thick fibrous membrane covering the entire surface of the bone; serves as an attachment for the muscle and tendons
retroperitoneal
pertaining to behind the peritoneum
tachypnea
very rapid breathing
transurethral
through the urethra; refers to the removal of the prostate by going through the urethral wall
hepatoma
tumor in the liver
osteitis
inflammation of the bone
-cele
hernia
gastrectomy
gastric recession
cerebral
pertaining to the largest part of the brain
iatrogenic
pertaining to producing by treatment
diagnosis
made on the basis of complete knowledge about the patients condition
-graphy
process of recording
-emia
blood condition
-genesis
formation
-coccus
berry-shaped bacterium
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
cystoscopy
examination of the urinary bladder
staphylococcus
berry-shaped bacterium that forms in clusters
thorocentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest
myalgia
muscle pain
biopsy
microscopic examination of living tissue
pathologist
one who preforms autopsies and read biopsies
andenectomy
removal of gland
laryngectomy
recession of the voice box
angiography
process of recording the blood vessel
myelogram
record of spinal cord or bone marrow
psychosis
condition of the mind
thrombocyte
clotting cell; platelet
neutrophil
engulf and digest bacteria
ophthalmoscope
instrument for viewing the eye
monocyte
mononuclear leukocyte that is a phagocyte
cystocele
hernia in the urinary bladder
ischemia
holding back the blood
arthralgia
pain in the joint
leukemia
condition of the white blood cell
rhinitis
inflammation of the nose
osteotomy
cut in to bone
nephrosis
abnormal condition of the kidney
eosinophils
leukocyte whose granules turn red w/stain and whose numbers are elevated in allergic reactions
transhepatic
pertaining to through the liver
lymphocyte
mononuclear leukocyte that fight diseases by producing antibodies
cytology
study of cells