AP Literature Terms 2

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Euphony
When sounds blend harmoniously
Explicit
To say or write something directly and clearly
Farce
Today we use this word to refer to extremely broad humor
Feminine Rhyme
Lines rhymed by their final two syllables
Foil
A secondary character whose purpose is to highlight the characteristics of a main character, usually by contrast
Foot
The basic rhythmic unit of a line or poetry, formed by a combination of 2 or 3 syllables, either stressed or unstressed
Foreshadowing
An event or statement in a narrative that suggests, in miniature, a larger even that comes later
Free Verse
Poetry written without a regular rhyme scheme or metrical pattern
Genre
A subcategory of literature
Gothic
The sensibility derived from Gothic novels
Hubris
The excessive pride or ambition that leads to the main character's downfall
Hyperbole
Exaggeration or deliberate overstatement
Implicit
To say or write something that suggests and implies but never says it directly or clearly.
In Medias Res
Latin for in the midst of things
Interior Monologue
It is related to states of consciousness, refers to the writing that records the mental talking that goes on inside a character's head
Inversion
Switching the customary order of elements in a sentence or phrase
Irony
A statement that means the opposite of what it seems to mean
Lament
A poem of sadness or grief of the death of a loved one or over some other intense loss
Lampoon
A satire
Loose and Periodic Sentences
Loose- Complete before its end, Periodic- not grammatically complete until it has reached its final phrase
Lyric
Explores the poet's personal interpretation of and feelings about the world, describes a tone it refers to a sweet, emotional melodiousness
Masculine Rhyme
Ending on the final stressed syllable
Means, Meaning
What makes sense, what's important
Melodrama
A form of cheesy theater in which the hero is very, very good, the villain mean and rotten, and the heroine oh so pure
Metaphor and Simile
Metaphor-comparison or analogy that states on thing is another. Simile- just like a metaphor but softens the full-out equation of things, that uses like or as
Metonymy
Words that are used to stand for something else that it has attributes of or is associated with
Nemesis
The protagonist's archenemy or supreme and persistent difficulty
Objectivity and Subjectivity
Objective treatment of subject matter is an impersonal or outside view of events, subjective uses the interior or personal view of a single observer and is typically colored with that observer's emotional responses
Onomatopoeia
Words that sound like what they mean are examples
Opposition
Pair of elements that contrast sharply
Oxymoron
A phrase composed of opposites, a contradiction
Parable
Like a fable, or an allegory, a parable is a story that instructs
Paradox
A situation or statement that seems to contradict itself, but on closer inspection, does not
Parallelism
Repeated syntactical similarities used for effect
Paraphrase
To restate phrases and sentences in your own words; to rephrase
Parenthetical Phrase
A phrase set off by commas that interrupts the flow of a sentence with some commentary or added detail
Parody
the work that results when a specific work is exaggerated to ridiculousness
Pastoral
A poem set in tranquil nature
Persona
The narrator in a non-first person novel.
Personification
Giving an inanimate object human qualities or form
Plaint
A poem or speech expressing sorrow
Point of View
The perspective form which the action of a novel is presented
The Omniscient Narrator
This is a third-person narrator who sees, like God, into each character's mind and understands all the action going on
The Limited Omniscient Narrator
This is a third person narrator who generally reports only what one character sees, and who only reports the thoughts of that one privileged character.
The objective, or camera-eye, narrator
This is a third person narrator who only reports on what would be visible to a camera.
The first person narrator
This is a narrator who is a character in the story and tells the tale from his or her point of view
The stream of consciousness technique
This method is like first-person narration but, instead of the character telling the story, the author places the reader inside the main character's head and makes the privy to all of the character's thoughts as they scroll through her consciousness
Prelude
An introductory poem to a longer work of verse
Protagonist
The main character of a novel or play
Pun
The usually humorous use of a word in such a way to suggest two or more meanings
Refrain
A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem
Requiem
A song of prayer for the dead
Rhetorical Question
A question that suggests an answer
Satire
Exposes common character flaws to the cold light of humor
Soliloquy
A speech spoken by a character alone on stage
Stanza
A group of lines in verse, roughly analogous in function to the paragraph in prose
Stock Character
Standard or Clichéd character types
Subjunctive Mood
Grammatical situation involves the words if and were
Suggest
To imply, infer or indicate
Summary
A simple retelling of what you've just read
Suspension of Disbelief
The demand made of a theater audience to accept the limitations of staging and supply the details with imagination.
Symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea
Technique
The methods, tools of the author
Theme
The main idea of the overall work
Tragic Flaw
The weakness of the character in an otherwise good individual that ultimately leads to his demise
Travesty
A grotesque parody
Truism
The way-too-obvious truth
Utopia
An idealized place
Zeugma
The use of a word to modify 2 or more words but used for different meanings