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Renal Artery

the _____ supplies the kidney with all of the blood that needs to be filtered

Renal Blood Flow

the combined output/input of blood in both kidneys is called _____; in health adults, it is about 1200mL/min

Segmental Artery

the renal artery divides into _____, which supply the different areas of the kidney

Interlobar Artery

the segmental artery goes into the parenchyma and goes in between the renal columns and surrounds the side of each renal pyramid, and becomes the _____

Arcuate Artery

when the interlobar artery goes up the length of the renal pyramid, it arches over the top of the renal pyramid (between the renal cortex and medulla) and now becomes the _____

Interlobular Artery

when the arcuate artery is done arching, it now travels from the top of the renal pyramid and passes over into the renal cortex; because it passes from one main lobe of the kidney to the next, it is called the _____

Afferent Arteriole

the interlobular artery at this point is extremely small, and now branches off into _____, which goes off into each individual nephron; provides the supply of blood that is about to be filtered

Glomerulus (Glomerular Capillary)

the tiny afferent arteriole that is now in the nephron branches out into a tiny capillary system, _____; this is where the blood is actually taken into the nephron

Efferent Arteriole

the glomerulus reunites into the _____, which carries the filtered blood out of the glomerulus

Peritubular Capillary

the efferent arteriole divides into the _____, which surround parts of the nephron

Vasa Recta

the capillaries that extend from some efferent arterioles are _____, which supply tubular portions of the nephron in the medulla region

Peritubular Venule

the peritubular capillaries eventually reunite to form the _____; at this point, the blood is already filtered and ready to be sent to the heart to be circulated

Interlobular Vein

the peritubular venule combine and make the _____; it receives blood from the vasa recta

Arcuate Vein

the interlobular vein eventually makes it's way back to the top arch of the renal pyramid and is now called the _____

Interlobar Vein

the arcuate vein goes over the top arch of the renal pyramid and goes down the side of the pyramid, between the renal columns; at this point, it is now called the _____

Renal Vein

the interlobar vein now empties into a large, main _____; at this point, the blood is now headed out of the kidney and towards the inferior vena cava to be brought to the heart

Celiac Ganglion

the renal nerves that supply the kidney first originate in the _____

Renal Plexus

the renal nerves from the celiac ganglion now go through the _____ network to get to the kidneys


renal nerves are part of the _____ division of the autonomic nervous system


most renal nerves are vasomotor nerves; they regulate the flow of blood through the kidney by _____ (opening vessels) and vasoconstriction (closing vessels)


most renal nerves are vasomotor nerves; they regulate the flow of blood through the kidney by vasodilation (opening vessels) and _____ (closing vessels)

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