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37 terms

World War I Vocab.

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Kaiser Wilhelm II
last German Emperor and King of Persia
General Ferdinand Foch
French general who supported the use of offensive warfare
Vladimir I. Lenin
Bolshevik leader and founder of the Soviet Union
Baron Manfred von Richtho fen
German fighter pilot known as the "Red Baron"; most successful flying ace during World War I
Sergeant Alvin York
received Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a machine gun nest; killing 28 German soldiers and capturing 132 others
David Lloyd George
British statesman and prime minister
General John J. Pershing
general officer in the United States Army
Gavrilo Princip
Bosnian Serb and Yugoslav nationalist associated with the movement Mlada Bosna
abdicate
to renounce one's throne
trench warfare
a type of combat in which opposing troops fight from trenches facing each other
Lusitania
a boat that was sunk by a German submarine in the Atlantic in May 1915.... over a thousand people died
Homefront
the civilian populace of the nation at war as an active support system of its military
U- Boat
refers to military submarines operated by Germany
convoy
a group of ships or vehicles traveling together
"No Man's Land"
a term for land that is not occupied
The Zimmerman Telegram
a 1917 proposal from Germany to Mexico to make war against the US, Mexico ignored it but US became angry
Imperialism
people wanting to spread empire, which caused many fights
Nationalism
a sense of unity based on shared language and common culture
Militerism
a desire of a government that a country should maintain a strong military
alliance
an agreement between 2 countries to act as partners
World War I
also known as the "Great War", contained central, allied powers fighting, while others remained neutral
neutral
not favoring either side in a war.... to remember: (No Silly Stuff Sister)
central powers
Austria- Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire; nations who fought against allied powers... to remember: (G-A-B-O)
allied powers
worked together against central powers; including Britain, France, Italy, Portugal, Africa, Greece, Albania, Romania
front
area where the fighting went on
armistice
an agreement to stop fighting
League of Nations
international organization dedicated to peace
Treaty of Versailles
treaty that allied powers forced Germany to sign after WWI
Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria whose assassination led to the outbreak of WWI
Woodrow Wilson
President of the US during WWI; helped establish League of Nations
Battle of Belleau Wood
June 1, 1918- June 26, 1918, battle between the U.S. and Germans... fought near the Marne River in France
Battle of the Argonne Forest
September 26, 1918- November 11, 1918, a part of the final allied offensive of WWI, stretched along the entire western front
Battle of Ypres
October 19, 1914- November 22, 1914, First World War battle fought in western Belgium
Battle of Verdun
February 21, 1916- December 18, 1916, major battle at Western Front on hilly terrain... between the German and French armies
Battle of the Somme
July 1, 1916- November 13, 1916, major battle of WWI between the British and German in Northern France. More than a million men both sides were killed or wounded
"Flanders Fields"
the generic name of WWI battlefields in the medieval County of Flanders.
stalemate
when no one can win in a war