GCSE Latin Prose: Caesar - The Power of the Druids
Terms in this set (17)
Druides rebus divinis intersunt,
The Druids are interested in divine matters,
sacrificia publica ac privata procurant, religiones interpretantur;
they look after public and private sacrifices, they explain religious beliefs;
ad hos magnus numerus adulescentium discendi causa concurrit,
A great number of young men gather together to them for the sake of learning,
magnoque hi sunt apud eos honore.
these (the Druids) are held in great honour among the young men.
nam fere de omnibus controversiis publicis privatisque constituunt
For they decide about almost all disputes, public and private,
si quod facinus admissum est, si caedes facta, si de hereditate, de finibus controversia est, Druides rem decernunt,
if any crime is committed, if a murder is carried out, if there is a dispute about inheritance and boundaries, the Druids settle the matter.
praemia poenasque constituunt.
They decide the rewards and punishments.
si quis aut privatus aut publicus eorum decreto non stetit, sacrificiis interdicunt;
If anyone either private or public has not stood by their decision, they ban him from sacrifices.
haec poena apud eos est gravissima
This punishment is very serious among them.
ei quibus ita interdictum est numero impiorum ac scelestorum habentur;
Those who have been banned in this way (From sacrifices) are considered in the number of impious and criminal people;
eis omnes decedunt, aditum sermonemque fugiunt, ne quid ex contagione incommondi accipiant;
everyone avoids them, everyone flees from their approach and conversation, so that they don't receive any harm from the contact
neque eis petentibus ius redditur neque honos ullus datur.
Neither when they are seeking for justice is any given to them, nor is any honour given to them.
his autem omnibus Druidibus praeest unus, qui summam inter eos habet auctoritatem.
But one is in charge of all these Druids, who has the greatest authority among them.
hoc mortuo, aut is qui ex reliquis excellit dignitate succedit,
When he has died, either he who stands out from the rest in dignity succeeds,
aut, si sunt multi pares, suffragio Druidem, nonnumquam etiam armis, de principatu contendunt.
or if there are many equal they compete concerning the leadership by a vote of Druids, sometimes even with arms.
disciplina eorum in Britannia reperta atque inde in Galliam translata esse existimatur,
Their training is thought to have been discovered in Britain and to have been transferred to Gaul,
et nunc ei, qui diligentius earn rem cognoscere volunt, plerumque in Britanniam discendi causa proficiscuntur.
and now those people who want to get to know that matter more thoroughly, set out to Britain to learn it.