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Reynolds v. Sims
voting districts must be roughly equal in population (for state bicameral legislatures)
Marbury v. Madison
established judicial review (about madision putting in midnight judges right before he left office)
Tinker v. Des Moines
students have freedom of speech in schools; clothing is freedom of speech as well
Miller v. CA
3 Part Obscenity Test: 1. normal person would think it's very sexual 2. how much artisitc value it has 3. has offensive sexual depictions
New York Times v. US
limited government's ability/reasons to keep the press from printing information (over the Pentagon Papers)
Boyscouts v. Dale
since it's private group, membership can be discriminated based on sexual orientation
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Lemon Test: 1. action has secular purpose 2. no effect for or against a certain religion 3. no excessive government entanglement
Miranda v. AZ
inform suspect of their rights before arresting them (or else there is self-incrimination, something protected against in the constitution)
Gregg v. GA
presented a specific system for deciding on death penalty as a sentence so death penalty sentencing resumed
Roe v. Wade
choice for abortion protected as right to privacy; banned any extreme limits that place undue difficulty to get abortion
Planned Parenthood v. Casey
woman doesn't have to tell husband first but the other 2 parts of the law--24 hour wiating period and parental consent for minors--upheld
Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. US
hotels and etc. count as public accomodation and can't discriminate
justice system: grand jury for criminal cases, no double jeopardy, no self incrimination, due process of law, eminent domain
any right not mentioned in the Constitution goes to the people or the states (way to assure Federalists the Bill of Rights doesn't define the only rights we have)
states have all powers not given to the federal government unless those powers conflict with federal laws or the Constitution
set when presidents' terms begin and inauguration (there had been problems with the psace in between each president)
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