What are the three states water can exist?
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Terms in this set (31)
The amount of water vapor in the airHumidityCompares the amount of water vapor present to the maximum amount that the air can hold at that temperature.Relative humidityHow can relative humidity in the atmosphere change?The atmosphere can directly gain or lose water vapor A change in temperatureThe actual quantity of water vapor held by a parcel of air?Specific humidityspecific humidity is largest?At the equatorial zonesDew point temperatureThe temperature at which air with a given humidity will reach saturation when cooled without changing its pressure?Ways to describe the water vapor content in the air?dew point Specific Humidity Relative humidityAtmospheric pressure decreases as altitude_________IncreasesA process in which the temperature of a parcel of air changes in response to a change in atmospheric pressure.Adiabatic processFor a rising or descending parcel of air that does not contain liquid or solid water, the temperature changes at the?dry adiabatic lapse rateWhy is it called dry adiabatic lapse rate?because there is no condensation or evaporation as a result of the change in temperature or pressure.Once an air parcel reaches saturation, it cools at a rate called?Moist adiabatic lapse rateA tiny bit of solid matter, or dust particle in which atmosphere on which water vapor condenses to form a water droplet?Condensation nucleus4 cloud familiesCirriform clouds Stratiform clouds Cumulalitive clouds Nimbus cloudsCloud layer on or close to the earth's surface?FogType of fog formed at night usually due to a drop in temperatures?Radiation FogWhen a warm, moist air layer moves across a cold surface, commonly occurs in mountains and valleysAdvection fog4 ways air can move upwards?through orographic, convective, convergent, or frontal liftingWhen a current of moist air is forced upwards over mountain rangesorographic precipitationPrecipitation that is induced when warm, moist air is heated at the grounds surface rises, cools, and condenses to form water droplets, raindrops, and eventually rainfall.Convective precipitationRain drops that have been chemically acidified by pollutants?Acid Rain