28 terms

humanities chapter 3

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Terms in this set (...)

Great Pyramids
Section of the Pyramid of Khufu
Great Sphinx
Temple of Ramses II
Nefertiti
Innermost coffin of Tutankhamen
Death mask of Tutankhamen
Last Judgement of Hu-Nefer
the backbone of Egypt
Nile river
Rosetta Stone
a carved stone that helped decipher hieroglyphics. (origin of written language)
Egyptology
study of Egypt
Nun
primeval waters
Amen
god of the sun (can be referred to as Re)
Osiris
god of order; brought civilization to Egypt
Seth
evil opposite of Osiris; god of chaos, murdered Osiris and spread his body through Egypt
Isis
sister of Osiris and Seth; collected Osiris's body parts and brought him back to life. Married Osiris and had a son
Horus
son of Isis and Osiris; falcon
became new king
Osiris
new lord of the underworld
Osiris
Anubis
god of mummification; jackal
upper Egypt
southern, most upstream part
lower Egypt
northern, downstream part
Imhotep
egypt's most famous architect; became a god after death; first recorded architect/artist
Great Pyramids of Gizeh
Khufu, Kafre, Menkaure
mummification
preparation for afterlife.
organ collection
brain removal
items needed for the journey and the existence of the afterlife were placed in the tomb.
ankn
symbol of eternal life
Last Judgement of Hu-Nefer
heart being weighed to see if he can move to the afterlife. feather has to be heavier. not all people. this differs from an afterlife that has a positive and negative location.
judgement
a common occurrence in religion, including Egyptian.