AP US History Chapter 6
Terms in this set (32)
French voyagers that traveled anywhere from Canada to the Midwest
French and Indian War or the Seven Years War
a war across seven seas against European superpowers like Germany, England, France and Spain
the first inter-colonial congress in which only 7 of the 13 colonies delegates showed up to reaffirm the Iroquois alliance to the British
a British 60 year old officer who set out to conquer the French fort Duquesne
Battle of Quebec
A battle that was between France and England that France lost and turned over French Canadian territory to the British
Treaty of Paris 1763
French power was essentially thrown off North America
Indian chief Pontiac and numerous tribes, along with French traders went and overran British settlements in the Ohio Valley Area
French Protestant dissenters, the Huguenots were granted limited toleration under the Edict of Nantes. After king Louis XIV outlawed Protestantism in 1685, many Huguenots fled elsewhere, including to British North America.
Edict of Nantes (1598)
Decree issued by the French crown granting limited toleration to French Protestants. Ended religious wars in France and inaugurated a period of French preeminence in Europe and across the Atlantic. Its repeal in 1685 prompted a fresh immigration of Protestant Huguenots to North America.
Samuel de Champlain
soldier and explorer that became known as the "father of New France." His helping the Huron in battle led to lasting hostility of the Iroquois tribes toward the French.
coureurs de bois
Translated as "runners of the woods," they were French fur-trappers, also known as "voyageurs" (travelers), who established trading posts throughout North America. The fur trade wreaked havoc on the health and folkways of their Native American trading partners.
French Catholic missionaries who tried to convert Native Americans. Jesuit priests, despite their initial failure to gain converts, played a vital role as explorers and geographers.
Robert de La Salle
explored the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico in 1682; named the region Louisiana in honor of king Louis XIV of France
port city near the mouth of the Mississippi River; settled by the French in 1718
King William's War (1689 - 1697)
War fought largely between French trappers, British settlers, and their respective Indian allies from 1689 - 1697. The colonial theater of the larger War of the League of Augsburg in Europe.
Queen Anne's War (1702 - 1713)
Second in a series of conflicts between the European powers for control of North America, fought between the English and French colonists in the North, and the English and Spanish in Florida. Under the peace treaty, the French ceded Acadia (Nova Scotia), Newfoundland, and Hudson Bay to Britain.
War of Jenkins's Ear (began in 1739)
Small-scale clash between Britain and Spain in the Caribbean and in the buffer colony, Georgia. It merged with the much larger War of Austrian Succession in 1742.
King George's War (1744-1748)
North American theater of Europe's War of Austrian Succession that once pitted British colonists against their French counterparts in the North. The peace settlements did not involve any territorial realignment, leading to conflict between New England and the British government.
French and Indian War (Seven Year's War) (1754 - 1763)
Nine-year war between the British and the French in North America. It resulted in the expulsion of the French from the North American mainland and helped spark the Seven years' War in Europe.
hastily constructed breastworks constructed by Lieutenant colonel George Washington and his Virginia militiamen to repel a French counterattack; surrounded by a large force of French and Indians, Washington surrendered July 4, 1754.
French fort at strategic point where the Monongahela and Allegheny Rivers join to form the Ohio River. British general Edward Braddock tried to capture the fort in 1755 but his forces were defeated. The British finally captured Fort Duquesne in 1758 and rename it Fort Pitt (later site of Pittsburgh).
French residents of Nova Scotia, many of whom were uprooted by the British in 1755 and scattered as far south as Louisiana, where their descendants became known as "Cajuns."
Albany Congress (1754)
Intercolonial congress summoned by the British government to foster greater colonial unity and assure Iroquois support in the escalating war against the French.
Trained professional soldiers, as distinct from militia or conscripts. During the French and Indian War, British generals, used to commanding experienced regulars, often showed contempt for ill-trained militiamen.
became the prime minister during the Seven Years' War; earning the title of "Organizer of Victory" he focused his military strategy on the capture of French Canada.
French fortress that fell in 1758 after a British siege; first significant victory of the French and Indian War
British general who defeated French forces under French general Marquis de Montcalm on the Plains of Abraham outside Quebec. Wolfe and Montcalm were both fatally wounded during the Battle of Quebec.
Battle of Quebec (1759)
Historic British victory over French forces on the outskirts of Quebec. The surrender of Quebec marked the beginning of the end of French rule in North America.
Treaty of Paris (1763)
treaty that ended the French and Indian War; France surrendered all of its territorial claims to North America.
Pontiac's uprising (1763)
Bloody campaign waged by Ottawa chief Pontiac to drive the British out of the Ohio Country. It was brutally crushed by British troops, who resorted to distributing blankets infected with smallpox as a means to put down the rebellion.
led settlers over the Appalachian Mountains (through Cumberland Gap) into Kentucky
Proclamation of 1763
Decree issued by Parliament in the wake of Pontiac's uprising, prohibiting settlement beyond the Appalachians. Contributed to rising resentment of British rule in the American colonies.