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Sociology Chapters 8-17

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Senegal is a country that is relatively poor, with a high rate of childhood death, hunger and people living on less than one dollar a day. As such, Senegal is a(n)
Underdeveloped Nation
The world's largest country in geographic area is
Russia
Today, Alvin will present a report to his class on the bottom ten income-producing countries in the world. Most of the countries that he will be discussing are located in
Africa
Civil wars in Rwanda hinder the country from climbing out of poverty. According to Collier, this illustrates the trap of
Conflict
Today, slaves are cheaper than in the 1800s
True
Japan has a well-educated population, regular elections, abundant industry, and free enterprise. As such, Japan is a(n)
Developed Nation
According to Karl Marx, ______________________ leads to revolution
class consciousness
Stacy published an article on the wealth, prestige, and power of various countries in an effort to highlight patterns of inequality around the world. Stacy's article focused on
Global Stratification
Today, Sandra will present a report to her class on the top ten income-producing countries in the world. Most of the countries that she will be discussing are located in
Europe
The Trump family is a part of the business class in the United States. They have a great deal of money, but the members of the family have to work hard to maintain their place. Because they represent "new money," Weber would say that the Trumps are
Entrepreneurs
The Rockefeller family represents "old money." For the past 175 years, the Rockefellers have owned businesses and real estate that have been passed down from one generation to the next. According to Weber, the Rockefellers are:
Rentiers
Marcus is a poor factory worker. According to Karl Marx, Marcus is a member of the
Proletariat
Half of the world's population lives on less than two dollars per da
True
Professor Graham assigns each student a country and tells them to divide the country's total gross income by the number of people in that country. This formula will produce the
Per-Capita Income
Each year, the U.S. uses American tax dollars to help other nations. This social policy is called
Foreign Aid
Europeans work fewer hours, on average, than Americans
True
The form of slavery that was legal in the U.S. considered slaves to be the property of the slave owner. This is an example of
Chattel Slavery
Tax burdens in the United States tend to be higher than in other nations
False
The smallest political party in Mexico is led by people who are clever, rational, and against the status quo. According to Pareto, such leaders are
Foxes
Ethiopia produces many doctors, but the majority of Ethiopian-born doctors have migrated to the United States for a higher standard of living. This instance of when the best talent leaves a poor country and provides a greater advantage to a wealthy country is called
Brain Drain
Warren thinks that the Alachua County School Board should offer sex education to high school students. To support his case, Warren presented school board members with the number of births for every 1,000 women between the ages of 15 and 18 in the local area. Warren's data represents the
Age-Specific Birth Rate
Christopher's research focuses on the number of deaths that occur in the population. Christopher is examining
Mortality Rates
The world produces enough grain to feed everyone a sufficient die
True
During the 1970s and 1980s, an increasing number of African-Americans moved out of the United States. This movement is called
Emigration
The world's population is unevenly distributed
True
Leo believes that people in industrialized countries control fertility more than people in agrarian societies. Leo supports the
Demographic Transition Theory
April wants to know the maximum length of time that a human being can possibly live. She is interested in
Lifespan
Population projections typically occur exactly as calculated
False
Angola has the highest infant mortality rate in the world
True
Lois was born in 1954. This means that Lois is classified as a(n) _____________
baby boomer
Because of increased opportunities in education and employment for women, there has been a decline in birth rates in Europe. This represents:
Birth Dearth
In the early 1900s, many Southern Blacks moved north to pursue job opportunities. This movement from one area to another reflects
Migration
The "one-child" policy was adopted in China to limit population growth. As such, the policy is
Anti-Natalist
Dr. Rodriguez gave his sociology students an assignment. Each student must provide a visual presentation of data related to the age and sex of the population in a different country. The sociology students will turn in
Population Pyramids
Rose speaks at the high school career fair and tells the student that in her job, she studies population size and composition. What is Rose's field of study?
Demography
In the year after the 9/11 terrorist attacks in the United States, the number of people moving into the United States from other countries fell by 34%. This means that there was a decline in American:
Immigration
Dominick has built a large shelter under his house. The shelter is packed with canned goods. Dominick explains to his children that he is preparing for the day when the population will exceed available food supply. Dominick supports the:
Malthusian Theorem
Ricardo is doing a research paper on the number of births that occur to unwed mothers. Ricardo is concerned with the _____________ of unwed mothers
fertility rate
The United States consumes about ________________ of the world's oil.
25%
Lauren's job requires her to report the number of births per 1,000 people each year. Lauren focuses on the
Crude Birth Rate
In 1994, the Hutu tribe of Rwanda attempted to destroy or exterminate the Tutsi tribe. This is an example of:
:
Genocide
The number of hate groups in the U.S. is declining.
False
Today, Ariana is presenting a report to her sociology class on a social policy designed to help minority groups gain opportunities through employment and education. Ariana will be discussing:
Affirmative Action
Louisa and her family just moved to the U.S. from Mexico. Now, Louisa and her family are expected to speak English and adopt the ways of their new country. This reflects:
Indigenous Superordination
In the 16th century, Portugal used its superior military forces to dominate the people of South America. This is an example of:
Conquest
During the Atlantic slave trade, millions of Africans were stolen from their country and taken to the United States. This is an example of:
Involuntary Immigration
Some Italians who immigrated to New York City maintained cultural ties to their homeland, while participating in the political and economic system of the U.S. As such, these Italian immigrants were:
Pluralistic Minorities
People learn about race through social experiences.
True
Little Havana is a neighborhood in Miami where Cuban immigrants live together and assert cultural distinction from the dominant group. As such, Little Havana is a(n):
Ethnic Enclave
According to the text, which racial-ethnic group is most likely to own a home?
White
The U.S. Census Bureau offers _____ definitions of race.
6
Dr. Fletcher is taking six American sociology students on a study abroad trip to Sweden. Because the six American students have a common cultural, linguistic and ancestral heritage, they share the same:
Ethnicity
According to data in the text, which racial-ethnic group had the lowest median household income?
Black
The most prominent physical characteristic of race is:
Skin Color
The system of oppression that lasted for 50 years in South Africa is called:
Apartheid
Most whites in the United States claim that they are not racist.
:
True
Oprah Winfrey, Kobe Bryant, and Lebron James all share certain physical characteristics, including skin color. As such, they are a part of the same:
: Race
Louella is 63-years-old. She has been poor her entire life. Her 9 children are poor and their children are poor. Three generations of this family have been unable to break into the middle and upper class. As such, this is an example of:
The Cycle of Poverty
.In Forsythe, Georgia, the blacks live in one section of town and the whites live in another. This separation by race is called:
Segregation
In the U.S., minority populations are declining.
False
On the 2009 Fortune 500 list, women headed only 15 companies.
True
In traditional American society, women typically cooked and cared for the children, while men worked outside of the home. These personal traits associated with being a male or a female in traditional society illustrate:
Gender
Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton were involved in:
First-Wave Feminism
Whenever Jake and Brian come into each other's presence, they spar and exchange light blows. This overt and exaggerated display of masculinity is called:
Machismo
Today, Professor Fuentes is teaching her sociology class about gender and educational differences in the U.S. She will inform her class that currently:
:
Women earn the majority of bachelor's degrees
Bonita is employed by the largest feminist organization in the United States. She works for the:
National Organization for Women
Most of the family television shows in the U.S depict the father as the head of the family, with males having authority over women and children. Such shows portray:
Patriarchy
Joan has been promoted through the company for 23-years-and is now a vice president. Joan realizes that she will never be promoted to president because of an invisible barrier that prevents women from reaching the top-level position. This example illustrates:
The Glass Ceiling
Dr. Meyers believes that men and women typically work in different types of jobs because they bring different natural skills to the workplace. Dr. Meyers' belief is in line with the ___________ model.
human capital
At the annual Friends of Susan B. Anthony luncheon, guests celebrate the ________________ Amendment, which prohibited denying the vote to anyone based on sex.
19th
About 25% of women have been raped or physically assaulted.
True
Female circumcision is most common in the U.S.
False
Patricia and Patrick are twins. While Patricia received a doll for her 7th birthday, Patrick received a football. These toys indicate to the children that society has certain expectations of how females and males should act and think. These toys are shaping the children's:
Gender Roles
Scott is a male nurse. Since the field is traditionally dominated by women, Scott had many advantages when applying for jobs. These advantages are called the:
Glass Elevator
Okim is a volunteer at an organization that raises awareness and offers support to victims of rape and sexual assault. Okim volunteers with the:
Take Back The Night Group
Maya believes in social equality for all people and she stresses that women deserve the same opportunities as men. Maya's beliefs are in line with:
Feminism
Andres believes that males are physically, emotionally, and intellectually superior to females. This is an example of:
Sexism
According to Margaret Mead, gender roles are largely dependent on:
Culture
Rita is 44-years-old. She is undergoing plastic surgery to hide her age. She believes that in order to be sexy, she should appear younger. Rita has been influenced by a myth that is called:
The Lolita Effect
Professor Buresch explains the income gap by the fact that women tend to major in fields that pay very little money. The professor's ideas are in line with the __________________ model.
choice
The birth control pill was introduced in:
1960
Lionel has never worked before. He is a poor, 33-year-old, disabled man. The government health insurance that is designed for people like Lionel is called:
Medicaid
Respect for the Aged Day is an annual holiday celebrated on September 15th in which country?
Japan
According to Michael Pollan, obesity is connected to overindulgence of processed _________ that the human body has difficulty processing.
corn
Ana asks Dan what he does for a living. Dan says that he studies the distribution of diseases and health throughout a society's population. Dan studies:
Social Epidemiology
In preparation for the upcoming election, both candidates have presented new ideas about the care, services, or supplies related to a person's health. Both candidates have shared their views on:
Health Care
Claudette is severely overweight. The doctors say that she has an unhealthy accumulation of body fat. Claudette is dealing with:
Obesity
.The largest federal spending program in the U.S. is:
Social Security
Warren is calling out from work today due to illness. While at home, his family brings him food in bed and allows him to sleep a lot. Warren gets this because of :
The Sick Role
Valerie takes care of her 86-year-old mother as well as her teen-aged children. Valerie is a part of the:
Sandwiched Generation
Mrs. Beatty is 98-years-old. As such, Mrs. Beatty is a part of the:
Old-Old
Dr. Ardelt studies aging and the elderly. Dr. Ardelt studies:
:
Gerontology
According to Census data from 2008, about __________ million Americans do not have health insurance.
46
Mina is 72-years-old. She benefits from a government-run program that provides health coverage to people aged 65 and older. Mina benefits from:
Medicare
The only group in the United States that is guaranteed health care coverage is:
The Elderly
Dr. Houston is a psychiatrist. Like all of her colleagues, she refers to ________________ to diagnose mental illness.
the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association
Suicide rates for the aged are _____________ in Japan.
increasing
Rowena, like most elderly people, reports that her sense of taste has ____________ with age.
grown weaker
Seven of the students in Ms. Hoye's 4th grade class are using prescribed medications to control their behavior. The idea that the medical community is at the center of classroom behavior is called:
Medicalization
The size of the world's elderly population is declining.
False
Lois lives in Florida. Whenever she receives a gift, she says, "Hmm, interesting." Lois never says thank you. Lois' behavior violates the norms that society has agreed upon. As such, this is an example of:
Deviance
The law states that a person must be aged 21 or above to drink alcoholic beverages. Michael is 19-years-old and he is drinking alcohol. This violation of norms written into the law is an example of:
Crime
Dr. Vera is a sociologist. He studies crime, deviance, and social policies that the criminal justice system applies. Dr. Vera specializes in:
Criminology
The 11:00 news is full of stories about gang shootings and drug busts. This paints an unrealistic picture of the reality of crime and has been called:
The Dramatic Fallacy of Crime
Marquita has been hired by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to analyze official police statistics of reported crime. Marquita is working with:
Uniform Crime Reports
Megan believes that there are more property crimes in the U.S. than violent crimes. Teresa believes that there are more violent crimes than property crimes in the U.S. Who is correct?
Megan
Joshua is interested in the controversial police practice of targeting individuals based on their race. Joshua is interested in racial:
Profiling
Bruce believes that the reason murder is a crime is because most people believe that it is wrong. This idea that laws concerning murder are in place because people see a behavior they do not like and agree to make it illegal supports the:
Consensus Model of Law
In the novel "The Scarlet Letter," Hester was required to wear the letter "A" sewn to her dress wherever she went, alerting everyone to her sin of adultery. This deliberate effort to attach a negative meaning to a behavior is an example of:
Shaming
The reality show "Lock-Up" provides a bird's eye view of life within American prisons. Viewers see that the majority of inmates released from prison eventually return to prison. This tendency is called:
Recidivism
Incarceration rates are highest in the U.S. in the:
South
Three-strike laws:
Increase incarceration rates
Amy stole a candy bar from the campus bookstore. This is the first time that Amy has broken a law. This initial deviant act is called:
Primary Deviance
Deviance exists in every culture.
True
Women are more likely than men to be arrested in the U.S..
False
The majority of arrests peak between the ages of 15 and 25.
True
There has been a steady decrease in the number of U.S. inmates.
False
Most prison inmates in the U.S. are racial and ethnic minorities.
True
In the U.S., most inmates return to prison within 3 years of release.
:
True
About 89% of cases in the U.S. end with a plea bargain.
True
In the Newman family, the men have power over the women. This reflects a:
Patriarchal System
Most American husbands and wives divide housework equally.
False
Monique has been married to Roger for 2 years. She plans to stay married to him until she dies because she loves him and is satisfied with their relationship. Monique has a ______________ commitment.
personal
About _____________% of Americans opposed gay marriages in 2006.
51
Ben is attracted to Natalie. He likes the way she looks, the way she smells, and the way she walks. According to Stimulus-Value-Role Theory, Ben and Natalie are in the __________________ stage.
stimulus
Getting a divorce in Europe is easier than in the U.S.
False
Hadassah and Abraham are both Jewish. They were married in 1999. This marriage between people with similar religious backgrounds is an example of:
Homogamy
The Defense of Marriage Act in 1996:
Defines marriage as an act between a man and a woman
When asked to draw a picture of her family, Little Margaret drew a picture of a wife, a husband, and the couple's two children. Margaret's drawing is an example of a(n):
:
Nuclear Family
As the population ages, the percentage of those who experience divorce:
Increases
In the Barr family, the women are dominant and have power over the men. This reflects a:
Matriarchal System
The three components of marital work include:
Household Labor, Emotional Work, Status Enhancement
During the _______, divorce rates were down, out-of-wedlock births were low, and marriage was universally esteemed as an institution.
1950s
The practice of having more than one spouse is illegal in the United States. That means that ___________ is against the law.
Polygamy
In the Seaver household, there are two children, the children's parents, the children's grandparents and the children's uncle. The Seaver household is an example of a(n):
Extended Family
The median age of marriage for American men in 2009 was _____ and for American women was ________.
28.1; 25.9
According to the 2004 Census Bureau, about _____ % of American men and _____% of American women have experienced a divorce.
20; 23
Before industrialization, men and women shared equally in child care tasks.
True
Ted and Cindy are married. Last year, the couple adopted 7-year-old Gregory. Together, Ted, Cindy and Gregory make up a(n):
Family
Prince Nirant has 14 wives. This is an example of:
Polygyny
State colleges and universities rely mostly on _____________________ to keep their doors open.
taxpayer dollars
Professor Armstrong asks his class which racial/ethnic group in the United States is most likely to receive a bachelor's degree. Barbara correctly answers:
Asians
Religion increases as science advances.
False
Bridgette is giving an oral presentation on homeschooling. She will state that the strongest motivator of parents who homeschool their children is:
A Desire to be Deeply Involved With Children
Most Americans over the age of 25 in the U.S. have a bachelor's degree.
False
Mariama is registering for classes at the community college. She has decided to take a class in which she will learn about different unified systems of beliefs and practices, relative to sacred things. Mariama will be taking a class on:
Religion
Since 1998, the number of students homeschooled in the in the United States has:
:
Increased
Male literacy is higher than female literacy around the world.
True
The number of college degrees issued in the United States between 1997 and 2007 has:
Increased
While reading over the help wanted ads in the local newspaper, Noam notices that most of the ads list educational requirements for applicants. This emphasis on education in assessing skills and knowledge is called:
Credentialism
Sita will be visiting the continent with the highest rate of literacy. Sita is traveling to:
Europe
Every nation has some type of educational system.
True
Sociologically, all religions begin as cults.
:
True
Mrs. Pampam is a 4th grade teacher and Sadiq is her student. When Mrs. Pampam learns that Sadiq's mother is a neurosurgeon and his father is a judge, she begins to require more from him. She believes that with his family background, he should produce a very high quality of work. Once Sadiq realizes that Mrs. Pampam has higher hopes for him, he works harder and his grades improve. This is an example of:
Teacher Expectancy Effect
.The percentage of Christians in the U.S. is growing.
False
At Cal Tech University, each student has been assigned a student identification number. This reflects which of the following components of bureaucracy?
Impersonality
Ibrahim is a Muslim. He believes that there is only one god. As such, Ibrahim's religion is an example of:
Monotheism
Jeremiah speaks 4 languages, has a master's degree, has traveled extensively, and has a rich social network of business associates. This combination of skills, knowledge, traits and personal attributes is an example of:
Human Capital
Poorer schools in the U.S. consistently receive less funding than richer schools.
True
Renee is a sociologist. She travels around the world comparing the formal system in which society passes on its information and values from one generation to the next. Renee is studying:
Education
Louis XIV became king of France after his father, Louis XIII, died. The French political system, in which leadership was based on heritage, is an example of a(n):
Monarchy
Fidel Castro came to power in Cuba as a result of the Cuban revolution that overthrew Fulgencio Batista from leadership. The revolutionary forces that took power from Batista, and used repression to keep it, serve as an example of a(n):
Authoritarian Regime
In the U.S., power is held by the people and exercised through participation and representation. This is an example of:
Democracy
Maria says that she did not vote in the presidential election because she believes that politics is useless and that her vote is meaningless. Maria is experiencing:
:
Alienation
Tawanda will be giving an oral presentation on alienation and voting. She will report that people who feel alienated are:
Less Likely to Vote than Those Who Do Not
The Tea Party Movement is made up of mostly:
Conservative, Upper Income Republicans
When Jeremy was asked which political system he would prefer to live under, he said that he would like to live in a system that spreads power amongst the masses. Jeremy prefers:
Pluralism
Natalie is researching those organizations of society that are created to meet some social need and provide a framework by which an individual can negotiate with larger society. Natalie's research focuses on:
Social Institutions
The morning news show will provide an in-depth view of the social institution that helps a society organize what it produces, distributes, and consumes. The new show will feature a discussion of the:
Economic System
Amtrak has exclusive control over passenger travel by train in the U.S. As such, Amtrak operates:
A Monopoly
Because capitalism rewards self interest, _____________ can be expected.
inequality
Marlon does not have a job, has been consistently seeking a new job for 4 weeks, and is waiting for work. As such, Marlon is:
Unemployed
Statistics show that in the U.S., about ____% of small businesses fail in the first five years.
50
In the year 2000, there were more than 5 million millionaires in the U.S.
True
By 2014, Hispanic participation in the work force is expected to decrease.
:
False
About half of all businesses in the U.S. fail within the first 5 years.
True
Asians are more likely than whites to vote in the U.S.
False
In the U.S., voters must be felony-free, mentally competent, and 18-years-old.
True
The U.S. spends more money on its military than any other country.
True
The review process to receive veterans' benefits is at least 5 months.
True
Rashod is turning a research paper in today. The topic of his paper is the process by which the world and its international economy are becoming more interconnected. Rashod's paper focuses on:
:
Globalization
At a recent college football game, the fans in the stands did the stadium wave. That is, successive groups of spectators briefly stood and raised their arms, then immediately returned to the usual seated position. This social interaction, in which a group of people engaged in a behavior that is not in their normal routine, is an example of:
Collective Behavior
Each year, the magazine lists the top temporary fashions, notions, and actions that the public is embracing. Last year, the magazine's list included American Idol, MySpace, Harry Potter, the South Beach Diet and Skinny Jeans. This is a list of:
Fads
Institutional fads follow a predetermined cycle which includes:
Emerging, Surging and Purging
Arcade games were a fad that had a lasting effect on society. As such, arcade games developed into a(n):
Craze
After the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the general public experienced an extreme fear that another attack would occur. This extreme fear is an example of:
Panic
On November 4, 2008, people gathered together at Grant Park in Chicago to await the results from the historic presidential election. This group, that was gathered together for a temporary purpose, is an example of a(n):
:
Crowd
Sit-ins, boycotts and marches were tools used by students in the 1960s to protest the treatment of blacks in the U.S. These activities were a part of a(n):
Social Movement
Rita and Beth are committed to the Mothers Against Drunk Driving Social Movement. They want to show the public the worthiness, unity, numbers and commitment of their movement. As such, they are:
WUNC members
In the 1990s, people around the world became more aware of the practice of female circumcision in the Middle East and Africa. Many people who were opposed to the practice noticed that others felt the same way. This reflects which stage of social movements?
Emergence
In class today, Professor Jenkins will explain the two dimensions used to classify social movements. Professor Jenkins will discuss:
Orientation of Change & Amount of Change
The social movement seeking to stop any changes concerning a woman's right to choose abortion is:
Regressive
Jean is a 47-year-old woman who makes minimum wage at a fast food restaurant. This is not what Jean expected for herself. The gap between what Jean has and what she expected is called:
A
The Alcoholics Anonymous social movement organization attempts to change old meanings and understandings of alcohol. This is an example of:
Transformation
In the United States, CAFE standards dictate that by the year 2016, cars will need to average:
35.5 miles per gallon
The first element in a social movement is repertoire.
False
The modern environmental movement is spreading.
True
All social movements go through a set of predictable stages of development.
True
In the U.S., funeral protestors must be 500 feet away from the procession.
True
CAFE standards are decreasing.
False