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37 terms

Architecture project notes

STUDY
PLAY
Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)
Largest in the Roman empire. Constructe in 70-80 A.D. Begun by emporer vespian finished by emperor Titus on the site of Nero's artifical lake. Gets name for Nero's colossal statue which stood nearby. Held gladiator fights, mock naval battles, huning wild animals, executions
Theater of Marcellus
On the Tiber river, rome. 2nd permanet theater in the roman empire. Planned by Julius Caeser finished by Augustus around 13 B.C. named for Augustus's nephew Marcellus. Made of Travertine, doric and ionic, later turned into apartment building
Amphitheater of Pompeii
(70-80 B.C.) seated 20,000 buried by Vesuvius in 79 A.D. Games were cancelled after a riot in 59 AD (pompeii vs Nuceria)
Baths Of Diocletian
Largest public bathing complex in ancient rome. Built by emporer Diocletian around AD 305. Built of concrete marble and brick. Held 3000 bathers. Same rooms as below. Now a church and museum
Baths of Pompeii
Three bath complexes. Forum, Stabian, Central Baths. Stabian baths were odest (2nd century BC)
Bath, England
City in England known for its hot spring baths. Named for the fact that houses in ancient Roman bath, which is well preserved Originally called Aquae sulis, named for the healing godd worshipped before the romans arrived in the 60-70 AD
Hadrians villa at Tivoli
Large, private villa outside of Rome, in tivoli. Built by the emperor Hadrian around AD 120. Mostly stone, concrete, and marble. Lots of building, about 250 plus acres. Lots of famous statues found here and are now in museums. 30 plus buildings based on famous places visited by Hadrian. Canopus ( large pool with statues) in Egypt temple of Serapis, Private studio. (maritime theater)
Hadrian's Wall
fortification in roman britain. 73 miles wide. Seperates present day england and scotland. built around 122 AD. used for population tracking and keeping out enemies
Hadrians Mausoleum
In rome, near the vatican, on the tiber, converted into a fortress ( Castel saint Angelo) Large and round. Built around 120 AD
Domus Aurea of Nero
Built by nero after AD 64 on the Esquiline hill. MAde of concrete, but walls covered in gold, seashells, gems. Has rotating ceilings. Flowers and perfume sprinkled on guests.No bedrooms. Destroyed and used for foundation for other buildings after Nero's death
Colossus Neronis
Stood in front of the domus aurea, gives the Flavian Amphiteater the nickname, colosseum. Part of base remains. statue modified into helios, other emporerrs, now lost
Aqeduct in Pont du Gard
in Nimes france. Large, stone, arched bridges used to carry water. from 50 AD
Aqueducts in Segovia Spain
large, stone, arched bridges used to carry water. from 50-100 BC
Temple of Hercules
round, marbel, corinthian, mistaken with temple of vesta bc they have similar shapes. converted to a christian church. In forum boarium
Temple of Portunus
(god of ports) square, made of ionic, tuffa and stucco. converted to christian church
Maison Carree
located in Nimes France. similar to temple of portunus. built around 19-16 BC, by agrippa in honor of Gaius and Lucius
Pantheon
large, round temple to all gods. Built around AD 120 by HAdrian. Built of concrete and marble. IN the campus Martius , corinthian style. converted to church type and amount of concrete used makes dome light wheight
Temple of Venus and Roma
double temple built by hadrian. Large semi domed temple. built around 120 AD near colosseum
Circus Maximus
oldest largest racetrack. Begun around the 500's BC by roman kings, between the Plantine and the Aventine Hills. could hold up to 250,000 people. Wood, marbel, dirt. battles executions and chariot racing held here. About three fooball fields long. Race around spina with dolphins egga temples and obelisks
Stadium of Domitian
now piazza Navona, Built in 80 AD , 15,000, to 20,00 spectators. used for athletic competions in the cap=mpus martius
Circus Flaminius
in the campus martius, built in 221 BC fell out of use in 50 AD. Built by C. Flaminius Nepos
Circus of Nero
stadium near/in christian executions. Begun by Caligua, completed by nero! now under St. Peter's BAsilica. Blamed for fire in 64 AD
Temple of Antoninus Pius and Faustina
Dedicated to Faustina in AD 140 then to Antoninus in 161. In the roman Forum, marbel and tufa, corinthian. Converted to catholic church
House of the Vettii
large villa located in Pompeii. owned by ex slave brothers. Restored after earthquake of AD 62 , buried in the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79. Beautifle gardens and detailed wall paintings. brothers became wealthy bc of wine business. art historical items discovered here
House of the Faun
located in Pompeii. Known for the dancing faun in the pool. nice mosaics (including the alexander mosaic) owners unknown. 2 gardens
Arch of Titus
Dedicated to titus in AD 81-82. by his brother Domitian. IN roman forum. made of traverntine. Shows the sack of Jerusalem-menorah. He became god when he died.
Arch of Septimus Severus
triple arch. awarded after defeating the Parthians. Dedicated in AD 203, in roman forum, marbel
Arch of Constantine
triple arch. Built near colosseum in AD 315, marble, made of peices of older buildings. built for first christian emporer
Imperial Fora
five large public spaces built to make emperors popular. public place for shopping shows etc.......
column of Trajan
128 foot high marble column. located in Trajans Forua built around AD 113 originall a golden eagle. Carvings tell of a campaign against the dacians, inscription tells how high the hill was.
Temple of Venus Genetrix
built by Julius Caesar in 42 BC.
Temle of Mars ultor
built by Augustus in 42 BC
Ara Pacis
large altar of peace built by Augustus. Located in the campus Martius made of marble, made in 13 BC. Carvings show history of rome
Mausoleum of Augustus
Concrete, tufa, marbel burial place for the first emperor of rome. located in the Campus Martius. built in 28 BC. shape is etruscan style surrounded by cypress trees
Horologium of Augustus
large sundial built by Augustus in the campus martius
Column of Antoninus Pius
column lost only lost only base left, made of aswan granite, built in AD 61, placed in the Campus Martius
column of Marcus Aurelius
100 ft high marbel column, built around AD 180 located in campus martius