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All of the following are true of anorexia nervosa except

increased body temperature.

Which of the following is not a sign or symptom of night eating syndrome?

Difficulty staying awake and not feeling hungry before falling asleep at night

All of the following can initiate the problem of anorexia nervosa except

coming from a supportive family.

A person with anorexia nervosa is likely to

grow up in a perfectionistic home with very high expectations.

Anorexia nervosa is defined as

psychological denial of appetite.

At later stages in anorexia development, anorexics

eat 300 to 600 kcalories per day

The semistarvation of anorexia nervosa results in all the following physiological changes except

increased heart rate

Anorexia nervosa can affect many types of people at various stages of life. Which person is at the highest risk for developing anorexia nervosa?

An adolescent girl who recently started puberty

One of the best ways to get anorexics into treatment is to

have group intervention of friends and family to confront them with the problem

All of the following are helpful for the recovery of the anorexic person except

not pursuing family therapy.

The most long-term success in anorexia nervosa treatment has been with

a multidisciplinary team of health care providers

All of the following are true about bulimia except

the result is low body weight

Which of the following is true about purging behavior related to bulimia?

After vomiting, many kcalories from the food eaten are still absorbed

Downy hair that grows on the body to counteract the heat loss associated with a lack of insulating subcutaneous fat is/are called


Which of the following is true about chronic hunger in the world?

The primary cause of hunger is poverty.

The consequences of undernutrition are most critical during


All of the following are effects of semistarvation except

lack of hunger and appetite

The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children

provides food vouchers and nutrition education to low-income pregnant and lactating women and their young children

The homeless in the United States are at increased risk of undernutrition. Which of the following is true about the homeless?

Many are members of families with children

All of the following are socioeconomic factors affecting hunger in the Unites States except


Which factor contributes to up to 90% of the diseases seen in the developing world?

Contaminated water

The "green revolution" is a

movement that increased crop yields

Manipulating the DNA inside cells to improve production of materials or the material itself is called

genetic engineering

Of the following groups, which have the least risk of becoming ill from foodborne illness?


Jacob is 8 years old and his family experiences food insecurity. He is short for his age and his teacher has recently noticed that Jacob is falling asleep during class and seems unable to concentrate on his tasks. A deficiency in what nutrient is likely at the root of these deficits in growth, physical stamina, and mental ability?


A new food preservation method, aseptic processing, is especially useful for

fruit juices

Loraine's mother-in-law is babysitting Loraine's kids and mentions she is going to give them fruit and honey for dessert at lunchtime. Loraine points out that her baby cannot have honey. Why should children under age one avoid honey?

Honey can contain botulism spores that can cause botulism in young children with immature immune systems.

Which of the following is true about food irradiation?

Irradiation can slow or limit the growth of insects, microorganisms, and parasites in food

Food commonly associated with Salmonella intoxication are

chicken and eggs

Aseptic processing involves

sterilizing the package and food separately and then packaging the food

To reduce exposure to pesticides

wash and/or peel fruits and vegetables before eating

All of the following are good instructions for preventing foodborne illness except

when shopping, select meat, poultry, or fish first

____________ can cause spontaneous abortion or stillbirth because the bacteria can cross the placenta and infect the fetus.


The FIGHT BAC! food safety program includes the following tips for keeping food safe from bacteria:

clean, separate, chill, cook.

The first goal in nutrition therapy for anorexia nervosa is

to increase weight to return the basal metabolic rate to normal

Which of the following agencies enforces wholesomeness and quality standards for meat?


Which of the following agencies regulates pesticides?

Environmental Protection Agency

The Delaney Clause

prevents the intentional use as food additives of compounds shown to cause cancer in laboratory animals or humans

Which of the following is the best approach to preventing famine in developing nations?

Increase the productivity of rural people by teaching them farming methods so they can build agricultural surpluses to eat and sell

The organ that nourishes the fetus in the mother's womb is called the


The first trimester of pregnancy

is a time of particular importance to avoid nutritional deficiencies and insults to prevent harm to the fetus

Which trimester is an especially critical period when poor nutrition or drug use can result in birth defects?


All of the following are poor pregnancy practices except

gaining 25 to 35 pounds

All of the following are true about ground meats except

With proper hand-washing, it is safe to eat raw hamburger

Extra calories for pregnancy are needed mostly during which trimester(s)?

Second and third

The total weight gain goal of a desirable-weight pregnant woman is how many pounds?

25 to 35

For most pregnancies, women need to consume supplemental


Barb wants to make sure she gets adequate folate during her pregnancy. She should do which of the following?

Eat more ready-to-eat breakfast cereals

Mineral needs generally are increased during pregnancy. All of the following are needed in higher quantities except


All of the following are true about prenatal supplements for pregnancy except

here is significant evidence that they are harmful

Consumption of non-food items such as laundry starch, ice, and dirt is known as


Which of the following is a federal program for reducing infant mortality by providing nutritional support and counseling?

Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

Carol has heartburn during her pregnancy. She should do all of the following except

lie down after she eats

Rachel is pregnant and has morning sickness. She should do all the following except

eat large, less frequent meals

The hormone that triggers "let down" or milk release is


Which of the following is true about lactation?

The major reason why women do not breastfeed is lack of information

The manipulation of nature (plants, animals, and bacteria) to increase production and food yield and the use of living things to manufacture products is called


Which of the following statements is important for infant feeding?

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months of a child's life

All of the following are reasons why the risk of having foodborne illness is increasing except

increased preparation of foods in processing plants

Breast milk production requires approximately ____ calories per day?


Advantages of breastfeeding include all of the following except

improves infant's vision

All of the following are advantages to breastfeeding except

increased risk of developing food allergies

Women suffering from chronic alcoholism produce children with a recognizable pattern of malformations called

fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)

An infant's length will increase by ______ percent in the first year.


Approximately one third of children in developing nations are short and underweight for their age. The most frequent cause is

weaning to high-carbohydrate, low-protein diets

Brain growth is most rapid in infancy but stops by about what age?

18 months

The new WHO growth standards stress that _______________ is the biological norm for infant nutrition.


Common symptoms of foodborne illness include

fever, diarrhea, vomiting

The greatest energy requirement per unit of body weight occurs during


Human milk provides ______ percent of kcalories from fat


What vitamin routinely is given by injection to all infants at birth?


According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, the best age to introduce solid foods into the infant's diet is

4 to 6 months

Egg whites should not be fed to children before 1 year of age because

early introduction may result in an allergic reaction

The first solid foods usually introduced into an infant's milk diet are

iron-fortified cereals

All of the following should be omitted from an infant's diet except


Infants need fat because it aids in absorption of several vitamins and also helps the ______________ to develop

nervous system

Preschool children should be encouraged to try new foods. If a child is reluctant to do so, it is best to

ask that he or she at least taste it

Which of the following statements is not true about the "Danger Zone"?

It includes the temperature range 65oF to 165oF

Which of the following is an appropriate feeding philosophy for children?

Parents should present a variety of nutritious food choices and avoid making the dinner table into a battleground

Absence of breakfast for children is associated with

decreased performance in school and decreased attention span

The adolescent growth spurt

begins earlier in girls than boys

All of the following are characteristic of food allergies except

once they develop, they are always permanent

Approximately what percentage of obese adolescents become obese adults?


The foundation for a diet that optimizes long-term nutritional health emphasizes all of the following except

refined grain breads and cereals.

Bill wants to eat a health-promoting diet. Which of the following practices derived from the Dietary Guidelines for Americans would he not want to follow?

Consume no more than four alcohol-containing drinks daily.

Which of the following is the best definition of life span?

The potential oldest age a person can reach

Which of the following is the best definition of life expectancy?

The time an average person can expect to live

What is the major reason that life expectancy has increased during the last 80 years?

Control of infectious disease

Which of the following is not a good predictor of physical health status in the elderly?

Chronological age

Food habits of older adults may be influenced by all of the following except

production of melatonin

Mack is constipated. Safe recommendations include all of the following except

use mineral oil routinely and liberally

Consuming adequate ______ and ______ helps maximize the health of the immune system in elderly individuals

protein; zinc

The decrease in lean tissue that occurs with aging can best be prevented by

exercise and a weight training program

Barbara is 65 years of age and her doctor finds her mental function is declining. Which of the following will not significantly impact this issue?

Taking nutrition supplements

All of the following can cause apathetic eating and weight loss except

participation in a congregate meal program

Because elderly individuals need similar amounts of nutrients as their younger counterparts but less kcalories, they should focus on diet plans that emphasize

nutrient density

All of the following are practical suggestions for diet planning for singles except

buying family-sized packages of meat

Where is the chief site of alcohol metabolism?


For those over 40 years of age, an exercise program should include all of the following except

exercise through the pain

For cancer prevention, which of the following dietary components should be limited?

cured meats

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